How to format your references using the Earth System Science Data Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth System Science Data Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cocroft, R.: An ecologist marvels at animals that learn to eavesdrop, Nature, 460, 439, 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Win, M. N. and Smolke, C. D.: Higher-order cellular information processing with synthetic RNA devices, Science, 322, 456–460, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfsberg, T. G., McEntyre, J., and Schuler, G. D.: Guide to the draft human genome, Nature, 409, 824–826, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Wuite, G. J., Smith, S. B., Young, M., Keller, D., and Bustamante, C.: Single-molecule studies of the effect of template tension on T7 DNA polymerase activity, Nature, 404, 103–106, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vorbrüggen, H.: Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Pelton, J. N. and Allahdadi, F. (Eds.): Handbook of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 480 illus., 425 illus. in color. eReference pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Davidson, J. O.: Treble Troubles? Marketization, Social Protection and Emancipation Considered Through the Lens of Slavery, in: The Commonalities of Global Crises: Markets, Communities and Nostalgia, edited by: Karner, C. and Weicht, B., Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 87–114, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth System Science Data Discussions.

Blog post
Why is the Universe Accelerating?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Month In Review, July 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, S. D.: Putting out fires: How communication professionals understand and practice conflict resolution, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J.: Lattice to Seek Trump’s Ear for Chinese-Backed Deal, New York Times, 1st September, B4, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cocroft, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cocroft, 2009; Win and Smolke, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Win and Smolke, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wuite et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth System Science Data Discussions
AbbreviationEarth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.
ISSN (online)1866-3591

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