How to format your references using the Earth System Science Data Discussions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth System Science Data Discussions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Danielson, D.: Scientist’s birthright, Nature, 410(6832), 1031, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Körding, K. P. and Wolpert, D. M.: Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning, Nature, 427(6971), 244–247, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, M., Carman, C. V. and Springer, T. A.: Bidirectional transmembrane signaling by cytoplasmic domain separation in integrins, Science, 301(5640), 1720–1725, 2003.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Park, H.-S., Ko, S.-J., Park, J.-S., Kim, J. Y. and Song, H.-K.: Redox-active charge carriers of conducting polymers as a tuner of conductivity and its potential window, Sci. Rep., 3, 2454, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krause, T. R.: Leading with Safety, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2005.
An edited book
Heber-Katz, E. and Stocum, D. L., Eds.: New Perspectives in Regeneration, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuan, W., Sickel, W. and Yang, D.: Several Equivalent Characterizations, in Morrey and Campanato Meet Besov, Lizorkin and Triebel, edited by W. Sickel and D. Yang, pp. 65–135, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth System Science Data Discussions.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: This Exoskeleton Allows Paralyzed People To Walk, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Bilingual Education: Four Overlapping Programs Could Be Consolidated, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, D.: Preventing obesity among foster youth through nutrition and outdoor activities: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B.: Songkick Sells Name and Concert-Recommending Service, New York Times, 14th July, B6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Danielson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Danielson, 2001; Körding and Wolpert, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Körding and Wolpert, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth System Science Data Discussions
AbbreviationEarth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.
ISSN (online)1866-3591

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