How to format your references using the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (JSAMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Melton L. Pharmacogenetics and genotyping: on the trail of SNPs. Nature 2003; 422(6934):917, 919, 921, 923.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Peacock E, Garshelis DL. Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” IV. Science 2006; 313(5783):45; author reply 45.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Saper CB, Scammell TE, Lu J. Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature 2005; 437(7063):1257–1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Hamilton JTG, McRoberts WC, Keppler F, et al. Chloride methylation by plant pectin: an efficient environmentally significant process. Science 2003; 301(5630):206–209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Rowe P. Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
1
Khendek F, Dssouli R, editors. Testing of Communicating Systems: 17th IFIP TC6/WG 6.1 International Conference, TestCom 2005, Montreal, Canada, May 31 - June, 2005. Proceedings. vol. 3502. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dorrestijn S. History, Philosophy, and Actuality of the Utopian View of Technology: On Pierre Musso’s Critique of Network Ideology. In: Garcia José Luís, editor. Pierre Musso and the Network Society: From Saint-Simonianism to the Internet. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016. p. 103–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Large Volcanic Eruptions May Have Changed Climate and Altered Human History. IFLScience. .

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: Health. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Davis TE. Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Risen J, Fink S, Savage C. State Secrets Privilege Invoked to Block Testimony in C.I.A. Torture Case. New York Times 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
AbbreviationJ. Sci. Med. Sport
ISSN (print)1440-2440
ISSN (online)1878-1861
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles