How to format your references using the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (JSAMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Polly PD. Evolution: stuck between the teeth. Nature 2013; 497(7449):325–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kessler A, Baldwin IT. Defensive function of herbivore-induced plant volatile emissions in nature. Science 2001; 291(5511):2141–2144.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Filchak KE, Roethele JB, Feder JL. Natural selection and sympatric divergence in the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella. Nature 2000; 407(6805):739–742.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Merbach MA, Merbach DJ, Maschwitz U, et al. Mass march of termites into the deadly trap. Nature 2002; 415(6867):36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Wagner-Martin L. A History of American Literature. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
1
Rowley JD, Le Beau MM, Rabbitts TH, editors. Chromosomal Translocations and Genome Rearrangements in Cancer. 1st ed. 2015. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Einfalt T, Michaelides S. Quality control of precipitation data. In: Michaelides Silas, editor. Precipitation: Advances in Measurement, Estimation and Prediction. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2008. p. 101–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. The Best 2016 Supermoon Photo We’ve Seen Yet Took Several Years Of Planning. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-best-2016-supermoon-photo-weve-seen-yet-took-several-years-of-planning/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Transfer of Government-Owned Weather Satellites to Private Sector. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Obidos C. Attitudes toward and knowledge of advance directives: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Crow K. I Say Yip-Yip, You Say Ruff-Ruff: Small Dogs Lobby for Own Dog Run. New York Times 2002:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
AbbreviationJ. Sci. Med. Sport
ISSN (print)1440-2440
ISSN (online)1878-1861
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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