How to format your references using the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (JSAMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Mayr E. Happy birthday: 80 years of watching the evolutionary scenery. Science 2004; 305(5680):46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Rikken GL, Raupach E. Enantioselective magnetochiral photochemistry. Nature 2000; 405(6789):932–935.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ma H, Aihara K, Chen L. Detecting causality from nonlinear dynamics with short-term time series. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7464.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Brenner R, Peréz GJ, Bonev AD, et al. Vasoregulation by the beta1 subunit of the calcium-activated potassium channel. Nature 2000; 407(6806):870–876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Mysak J. Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
1
Sendra JR. Rational Algebraic Curves: A Computer Algebra Approach. vol. 22. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Lee T-G, Chung G-S. A Scalable Link Model for Local Optical Wireless Networks. In: Xu Li, Bertino Elisa, Mu Yi, editors. Network and System Security: 6th International Conference, NSS 2012, Wuyishan, Fujian, China, November 21-23, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012. p. 44–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. 18 Sneaky Tactics To Figure Out What Other People Are Thinking Before They Say A Word. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/18-sneaky-tactics-to-figure-out-what-other-people-are-thinking-before-they-say-a-word/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Van Gilder BJ. American students’ communication abroad: Factors promoting and inhibiting interactions with host nationals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Brantley B. Land Mines in the Battlefields of Home and Office. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
AbbreviationJ. Sci. Med. Sport
ISSN (print)1440-2440
ISSN (online)1878-1861
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles