How to format your references using the BMC Oral Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Oral Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Heremans JP. Thermoelectricity: The ugly duckling. Nature. 2014;508:327–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Oganov AR, Ono S. Theoretical and experimental evidence for a post-perovskite phase of MgSiO3 in Earth’s D" layer. Nature. 2004;430:445–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Minai L, Yeheskely-Hayon D, Yelin D. High levels of reactive oxygen species in gold nanoparticle-targeted cancer cells following femtosecond pulse irradiation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2146.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shepherd A, Wingham DJ, Mansley JA, Corr HF. Inland thinning of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica. Science. 2001;291:862–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hoffmann W. The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Herren M, editor. Networking the International System: Global Histories of International Organizations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pattillo J, Youssef N, Butenko S. Clique Relaxation Models in Social Network Analysis. In: Thai MT, Pardalos PM, editors. Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication and Social Networks. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 143–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Oral Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Understanding Sleep Paralysis: A Terrifying But Unique State Of Consciousness. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/understanding-sleep-paralysis-terrifying-unique-state-consciousness/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Improved Planning and Acquisition Strategies Can Help Address Operational Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Narita D. Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) and climate change mitigation: An analysis of economic optimality and policy making. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times. 2006;:14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Oral Health
AbbreviationBMC Oral Health
ISSN (online)1472-6831
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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