How to format your references using the BMC Oral Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Oral Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Doncaster CP. Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” III. Science. 2006;311:1100; author reply 1100.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Davidson DJ, Andrews J. Ecology. Not all about consumption. Science. 2013;339:1286–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. van Os J, Kenis G, Rutten BPF. The environment and schizophrenia. Nature. 2010;468:203–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu Y, Zadorozhny Y, Rosario MM, Rock BY, Carrigan PT, Wang H. Destruction of the global phase coherence in ultrathin, doubly connected superconducting cylinders. Science. 2001;294:2332–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nagasawa M. Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Wagner W, editor. AiKiDô: The Trinity of Conflict Transformation. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yamakawa H, Yoshizaki T. Equilibrium Properties. In: Yoshizaki T, editor. Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 129–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Oral Health.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Plan to Spy on Sharks Using Camera Traps. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-plan-spy-sharks-using-camera-traps/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Better Prepare for Impending Wave of Controller Attrition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cady SC. Successful student goal completion: A community college case study. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. As a Hotel Goes Up, So Does The Unease of the Neighbors. New York Times. 2001;:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Oral Health
AbbreviationBMC Oral Health
ISSN (online)1472-6831
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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