How to format your references using the Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazcano, A.: Global voices of science. Teaching evolution in Mexico: preaching to the choir. Science. 310, 787–789 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, S.H., Shirey, S.B.: Continental mantle signature of Bushveld magmas and coeval diamonds. Nature. 453, 910–913 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhuime, B., Hawkesworth, C., Cawood, P.: Geochemistry. When continents formed. Science. 331, 154–155 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shon, J.W., Ohta, J., Ueno, K., Kobayashi, A., Fujioka, H.: Fabrication of full-color InGaN-based light-emitting diodes on amorphous substrates by pulsed sputtering. Sci. Rep. 4, 5325 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, K.-H.: Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore (2016)
An edited book
Przytycka, T.M. ed: Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Peeters, S.: Choosing the Best Workflow. In: Andres, C., Anglin, S., Beckner, M., Buckingham, E., Cornell, G., Gennick, J., Hassell, J., Lowman, M., Moodie, M., Parkes, D., Pepper, J., Pohlmann, F., Pundick, D., Renow-Clarke, B., Shakeshaft, D., Wade, M., and Welsh, T. (eds.) Flash Builder and Flash Catalyst: The New Workflow. pp. 131–185. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Plants Are “Biting” Back With The Same Mineral Found In Human Teeth,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: DHS Has Made Progress in Securing the Commercial Aviation System, but Key Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Honnold, J.L.: Toward a Working Theory of Neurorhetorics, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton, E., Barringer, F., Walsh, M.W.: Flood Insurance, Already Fragile, Faces New Stress, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
AbbreviationLasers Manuf. Mater. Process.
ISSN (print)2196-7229
ISSN (online)2196-7237

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