How to format your references using the Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabeharisoa, V.: Genome-sequencing anniversary. Socializing genetic diseases. Science. 331, 1026–1027 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodsky, E.E., Lajoie, L.J.: Anthropogenic seismicity rates and operational parameters at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field. Science. 341, 543–546 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, X., Chen, X., Wang, L.: Random allocation of pies promotes the evolution of fairness in the Ultimatum Game. Sci. Rep. 4, 4534 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J., Ishiguro, K.-I., Nambu, A., Akiyoshi, B., Yokobayashi, S., Kagami, A., Ishiguro, T., Pendas, A.M., Takeda, N., Sakakibara, Y., Kitajima, T.S., Tanno, Y., Sakuno, T., Watanabe, Y.: Author Correction: Meikin is a conserved regulator of meiosis-I-specific kinetochore function. Nature. 563, E23 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, R.: Implementing the Wealth Management Index. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Neustein, A. ed: Advances in Speech Recognition: Mobile Environments, Call Centers and Clinics. Springer US, Boston, MA (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Landriani, L., Pozzoli, M.: Management of Cultural Heritage System in Italy. In: Pozzoli, M. (ed.) Management and Valuation of Heritage Assets: A Comparative Analysis Between Italy and USA. pp. 55–98. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Can Drinking Coffee Reduce Your Dementia Risk?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Higher Education: Restructuring Student Aid Could Reduce Low-Income Student Dropout Rate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans, A.M.: Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article: Russian Court Delays Ruling In Fraud Trial Of Oil Tycoon, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
AbbreviationLasers Manuf. Mater. Process.
ISSN (print)2196-7229
ISSN (online)2196-7237

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