How to format your references using the Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, M.M.: Time to rethink the NIH. Nature. 471, 569–571 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhoj, V.G., Chen, Z.J.: Ubiquitylation in innate and adaptive immunity. Nature. 458, 430–437 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, S.A., Bezrukov, S.M., Zimmerberg, J.: A voltage-dependent channel involved in nutrient uptake by red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite. Nature. 406, 1001–1005 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jenkyns, H.C., Forster, A., Schouten, S., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.: High temperatures in the Late Cretaceous Arctic Ocean. Nature. 432, 888–892 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakker, J., Clarke, R.J.: Wine Flavour Chemistry. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Gardini, G.L., Almeida, M.H.T. de eds: Foreign Policy Responses to the Rise of Brazil: Balancing Power in Emerging States. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Gullà, F., Ceccacci, S., Germani, M., Cavalieri, L.: Design Adaptable and Adaptive User Interfaces: A Method to Manage the Information. In: Andò, B., Siciliano, P., Marletta, V., and Monteriù, A. (eds.) Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2014. pp. 47–58. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Three New Species Of Bird-Eating Spiders Described,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 1. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova, M.: The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bailey, B.: Lost and Found, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
AbbreviationLasers Manuf. Mater. Process.
ISSN (print)2196-7229
ISSN (online)2196-7237

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