How to format your references using the BMC Hematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Hematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brody H. Biomaterials. Nature. 2015;519:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chen W-P, Yang Z. Earthquakes beneath the Himalayas and Tibet: evidence for strong lithospheric mantle. Science. 2004;304:1949–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McCormick DA, Shu Y, Yu Y. Neurophysiology: Hodgkin and Huxley model--still standing? Nature. 2007;445:E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wohlschlegel JA, Dwyer BT, Dhar SK, Cvetic C, Walter JC, Dutta A. Inhibition of eukaryotic DNA replication by geminin binding to Cdt1. Science. 2000;290:2309–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Oden JT. An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Huang TS, Sebe N, Lew MS, Pavlović V, Kölsch M, Galata A, et al., editors. Computer Vision in Human-Computer Interaction: ECCV 2006 Workshop on HCI, Graz, Austria, May 13, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mitra A, Zaman S. Phytoplankton Carbon Stock. In: Zaman S, editor. Blue Carbon Reservoir of the Blue Planet. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 143–201.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Hematology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. ‘Ambulance Drone’ Could Drastically Increase Heart Attack Survival. IFLScience. 2014. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Freight Railroads: Preliminary Observations on Rates, Competition, and Capacity Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Crossman DC. The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Marvel Pays Homage to Hip-Hop. New York Times. 2015;:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Hematology
AbbreviationBMC Hematol.
ISSN (online)2052-1839

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