How to format your references using the BMC Hematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Hematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Luo J. Loops and autonomy promote evolvability of ecosystem networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6440.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Strausberg RL, Schreiber SL. From knowing to controlling: a path from genomics to drugs using small molecule probes. Science. 2003;300:294–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang W, Dunkle JA, Cate JHD. Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting. Science. 2009;325:1014–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hackermüller L, Hornberger K, Brezger B, Zeilinger A, Arndt M. Decoherence of matter waves by thermal emission of radiation. Nature. 2004;427:711–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Islam MR, Islam JS, Zatzman GM, Mughal MAH, Rahman MS. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Cao J, Yang LT, Guo M, Lau F, editors. Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: Second International Symposium, ISPA 2004, Hong Kong, China, December 13-15, 2004. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Belsky J. The Determinants of Parenting in GxE Perspective: A Case of Differential Susceptibility? In: Booth A, McHale SM, Landale NS, editors. Biosocial Foundations of Family Processes. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 61–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Hematology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Explained: Why A Reboot Is The Go-To Computer Fix. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/explained-why-a-reboot-is-the-go-to-computer-fix/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telephone Communications: Bell Operating Company Entry Into New Lines of Business. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kory R. Development of an educational seminar for college female athletes, coaches, athletic directors and parents on the female athlete triad. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Fight Heats Up Again Over Grassy Bed of Rails. New York Times. 2002;:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Hematology
AbbreviationBMC Hematol.
ISSN (online)2052-1839
Scope

Other styles