How to format your references using the BMC Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mann ME. CLIMATE CHANGE: Lessons for a New Millennium. Science. 2000;289:253–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Klug Boonstra S, Christensen P. IBI series winner. Mars Student Imaging Project: real research by secondary students. Science. 2013;339:920–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pompilio L, Kacelnik A, Behmer ST. State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate. Science. 2006;311:1613–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lister AM, Edwards CJ, Nock DAW, Bunce M, van Pijlen IA, Bradley DG, et al. The phylogenetic position of the “giant deer” Megaloceros giganteus. Nature. 2005;438:850–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Xu QA, Madden TL. Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Armknecht F, Lucks S, editors. Research in Cryptology: 4th Western European Workshop, WEWoRC 2011, Weimar, Germany, July 20-22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Omosebi A, Besser RS. Nanotechnology Innovations for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells for Micro Autonomous Systems. In: Guo Y, editor. Selected Topics in Micro/Nano-robotics for Biomedical Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Genomics.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Humans Are Wired For Prejudice But That Doesn’t Have To Be The End Of The Story. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/humans-are-wired-for-prejudice-but-that-doesnt-have-to-be-the-end-of-the-story/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. In-Car Location-Based Services: Companies Are Taking Steps to Protect Privacy, but Some Risks May Not Be Clear to Consumers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eutz RJ. The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2017;:MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Genomics
ISSN (online)1471-2164
ScopeBiotechnology
Genetics

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