How to format your references using the BMC Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Norman MR. Physics. Chasing arcs in cuprate superconductors. Science. 2009;325:1080–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kim H, Kwon S. Materials science. Water-responsive polymer composites on the move. Science. 2013;339:150–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Smallman HS, MacLeod DI, Doyle P. Vision. Realignment of cones after cataract removal. Nature. 2001;412:604–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kitchen D, Richardella A, Tang J-M, Flatté ME, Yazdani A. Atom-by-atom substitution of Mn in GaAs and visualization of their hole-mediated interactions. Nature. 2006;442:436–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Celant G, Broniatowski M. Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 2. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Lacroix Z, Ruckhaus E, Vidal M-E, editors. Resource Discovery: 5th International Workshop, RED 2012, Co-located with the 9th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2012, Heraklion, Greece, May 27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Biasin M. The German Cooperative Banks. An Economic Overview. In: Karafolas S, editor. Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 83–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Genomics.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Locals Blamed Demons For The Wave Of Deaths In India’s “Suicide Village”, But Scientists Have A Different Explanation. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/whats-behind-waves-deaths-indias-suicide-village/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Strong Risk Management Essential as Program Enters Most Challenging Phase. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeLutis-Eichenberger AN. El proceso semiótico de un héroe decimonónico: Un estudio en torno a los “textos-tumbas” de Andrés Bello. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Arizona’s Strict Approach to Insanity Defenses Gets a Hearing Before the Supreme Court. New York Times. 2006;:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Genomics
ISSN (online)1471-2164
ScopeBiotechnology
Genetics

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