How to format your references using the BMC Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schlessinger J. Signal transduction. Autoinhibition control. Science. 2003;300:750–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thorsteinsdóttir H, Sáenz TW. History of science. Tackling meningitis in Africa. Science. 2012;338:1546–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hu T, Hashmi A, Hong J. Transparent half metallic g-C4N3 nanotubes: potential multifunctional applications for spintronics and optical devices. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6059.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Campbell PJ, Yachida S, Mudie LJ, Stephens PJ, Pleasance ED, Stebbings LA, et al. The patterns and dynamics of genomic instability in metastatic pancreatic cancer. Nature. 2010;467:1109–13.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Shahidi A. Balanced Asset Allocation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Cowan A, Yosipovitch G, editors. Pharmacology of Itch. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li KW. A Study of Peer Discourse in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Environment. In: Leung H, Popescu E, Cao Y, Lau RWH, Nejdl W, editors. Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2011: 10th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Genomics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Crowds Get Wiser When They Talk To Each Other. IFLScience. 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/crowds-get-wiser-when-they-talk-to-each-other/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Radiation Exposure from Diagnostic X-Rays Could Be Reduced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Weir B. The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eligon J, Cooper M. Blasts at Boston Marathon Kill 3 and Injure 100. New York Times. 2013;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Genomics
ISSN (online)1471-2164
ScopeBiotechnology
Genetics

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