How to format your references using the Children and Youth Services Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children and Youth Services Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khalil, A. M. (2009). Journal club. A geneticist views two theories of X-chromosome inactivation in a broad context. Nature, 458(7236), 263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pera, M., & Trounson, A. (2013). Cloning debate: Stem-cell researchers must stay engaged. Nature, 498(7453), 159–161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medina, P. P., Nolde, M., & Slack, F. J. (2010). OncomiR addiction in an in vivo model of microRNA-21-induced pre-B-cell lymphoma. Nature, 467(7311), 86–90.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Achermann, M., Petruska, M. A., Kos, S., Smith, D. L., Koleske, D. D., & Klimov, V. I. (2004). Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well. Nature, 429(6992), 642–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heitz, E., & Kreysa, G. (2005). Grundlagen der Technischen Elektrochemie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Manji, H. K., & Zarate, C. A., Jr. (Eds.). (2011). Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment (Vol. 5). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Simos, D. E., Kleine, K., Ghandehari, L. S. G., Garn, B., & Lei, Y. (2016). A Combinatorial Approach to Analyzing Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Vulnerabilities in Web Application Security Testing. In F. Wotawa, M. Nica, & N. Kushik (Eds.), Testing Software and Systems: 28th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, ICTSS 2016, Graz, Austria, October 17-19, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 70–85). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children and Youth Services Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 16). How Female Parasitoid Wasps Pick Their Caterpillar Victims. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Performance and Accountability: Transportation Challenges Facing Congress and the Department of Transportation (No. GAO-07-545T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, C. (2017). Seasonal Temperature Reconstruction for Northeastern Siberia during the Late Pleistocene from High-Resolution Oxygen Isotope Measurements Across Fossil Wood (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, July 13). 3 Defining Opinions. New York Times, p. WK4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Khalil, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Khalil, 2009; Pera & Trounson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pera & Trounson, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Medina, Nolde, & Slack, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Achermann et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren and Youth Services Review
AbbreviationChild. Youth Serv. Rev.
ISSN (print)0190-7409
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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