How to format your references using the Children and Youth Services Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children and Youth Services Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koriat, A. (2012). When are two heads better than one and why? Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 360–362.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balasubramanian, M., & Schwartz, E. L. (2002). The isomap algorithm and topological stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neil, S. J. D., Zang, T., & Bieniasz, P. D. (2008). Tetherin inhibits retrovirus release and is antagonized by HIV-1 Vpu. Nature, 451(7177), 425–430.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vastenhouw, N. L., Brunschwig, K., Okihara, K. L., Müller, F., Tijsterman, M., & Plasterk, R. H. A. (2006). Gene expression: long-term gene silencing by RNAi. Nature, 442(7105), 882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jakubith, M. (1998). Grundoperationen und chemische Reaktionstechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Plemenos, D., & Miaoulis, G. (Eds.). (2010). Intelligent Computer Graphics 2010 (Vol. 321). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanley, J. (2016). A Future Not So Golden: Liberalization, Mechanization and Conflict in Arni’s Gold Ornaments Cluster. In B. Harriss-White (Ed.), Middle India and Urban-Rural Development: Four Decades of Change (pp. 131–150). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children and Youth Services Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 1). Moths Know Which Flowers Fit Their Mouthparts The Best. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Rural Utilities Service: Opportunities to Operate Electricity and Telecommunications Loan Programs More Effectively (RCED-98-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
George, K. A. (2014). Housing adequacy and civic engagement in Los Angeles County [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., & Gelles, D. (2017, July 3). Where’s My Wonka Bar? New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koriat, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Balasubramanian & Schwartz, 2002; Koriat, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balasubramanian & Schwartz, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Neil et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vastenhouw et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren and Youth Services Review
AbbreviationChild. Youth Serv. Rev.
ISSN (print)0190-7409
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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