How to format your references using the Children and Youth Services Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children and Youth Services Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palme, H. (2002). Planetary science. A new solar system basalt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5566), 271–273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siliciano, J. D., & Siliciano, R. F. (2014). AIDS/HIV. Rekindled HIV infection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1005–1006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong, S.-S., Zhu, W., & Sheng, D. N. (2014). Emergent chiral spin liquid: fractional quantum Hall effect in a kagome Heisenberg model. Scientific Reports, 4, 6317.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hirama, M., Oishi, T., Uehara, H., Inoue, M., Maruyama, M., Oguri, H., & Satake, M. (2001). Total synthesis of ciguatoxin CTX3C. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1904–1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin, D. F., Worden, B. L., Wootton, B. M., & Gilliam, C. M. (2017). CBT for Hoarding Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Calude, C. S., Freivalds, R., & Kazuo, I. (Eds.). (2014). Computing with New Resources: Essays Dedicated to Jozef Gruska on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday (Vol. 8808). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosin, P. L., & Sun, X. (2014). Edge Detection Using Cellular Automata. In P. Rosin, A. Adamatzky, & X. Sun (Eds.), Cellular Automata in Image Processing and Geometry (pp. 85–103). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children and Youth Services Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, April 27). Bird Genomes Contain Ancient Traces Of Modern Human Parasites. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Highway Safety: More Robust DOT Oversight of Guardrails and Other Roadside Hardware Could Further Enhance Safety (GAO-16-575). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lizarraga, D. (2017). Effects of large inedible particles on the feeding performance of echinodem larvae [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, December 18). Outlook That Soccer Can Do Without. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palme, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Palme, 2002; Siliciano & Siliciano, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siliciano & Siliciano, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gong et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hirama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren and Youth Services Review
AbbreviationChild. Youth Serv. Rev.
ISSN (print)0190-7409
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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