How to format your references using the Children and Youth Services Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children and Youth Services Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, G. (2015). Why not have a life? Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6247), 554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maerkl, S. J., & Quake, S. R. (2007). A systems approach to measuring the binding energy landscapes of transcription factors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5809), 233–237.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, J., Li, W.-H., & Wu, C.-I. (2003). Comment on “Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence-accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 988; author reply 988.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zalmout, I. S., Sanders, W. J., Maclatchy, L. M., Gunnell, G. F., Al-Mufarreh, Y. A., Ali, M. A., Nasser, A.-A. H., Al-Masari, A. M., Al-Sobhi, S. A., Nadhra, A. O., Matari, A. H., Wilson, J. A., & Gingerich, P. D. (2010). New Oligocene primate from Saudi Arabia and the divergence of apes and Old World monkeys. Nature, 466(7304), 360–364.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segura, J., & Hawkins, C. F. (2005). CMOS Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rehm, G., & Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.). (2012). The Slovene Language in the Digital Age. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tjosvold, D., Wan, P., & Tang, M. M. L. (2016). Trust and Managing Conflict: Partners in Developing Organizations. In P. Elgoibar, M. Euwema, & L. Munduate (Eds.), Building Trust and Constructive Conflict Management in Organizations (pp. 53–74). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children and Youth Services Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 15). Facebook Data Explores Truth Of Stereotypes About Cat-Lovers And Dog-Lovers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Highway Safety: Effectiveness of State .08 Blood Alcohol Laws (RCED-99-179). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef, N. J. (2009). A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fuller, T., & Pérez-Peña, R. (2017, October 13). As California Fires Raced, Waiting Meant Dying. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDowell, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Maerkl & Quake, 2007; McDowell, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maerkl & Quake, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Lu et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zalmout et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren and Youth Services Review
AbbreviationChild. Youth Serv. Rev.
ISSN (print)0190-7409
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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