How to format your references using the Petroleum Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Petroleum Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patek, S.N. 2001. Spiny lobsters stick and slip to make sound. Nature, 411, 153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feau, S. and Schoenberger, S.P. 2009. Immunology. Ex uno plura. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323, 466–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Innocenti, P., Morrow, E.H. and Dowling, D.K. 2011. Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 845–848.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Girling, R.D., Lusebrink, I., Farthing, E., Newman, T.A. and Poppy, G.M. 2013. Diesel exhaust rapidly degrades floral odours used by honeybees. Scientific reports, 3, 2779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
English, J.F. 2012. The Global Future of English Studies.
An edited book
Heege, H.J. (ed.). 2013. Precision in Crop Farming: Site Specific Concepts and Sensing Methods: Applications and Results.
A chapter in an edited book
Cueto, B. and Rodríguez, V. 2014. Sheltered Employment Centres and Labour Market Integration of People with Disabilities: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation Using Spanish Data. In: Malo, M. Á. and Sciulli, D. (eds) Disadvantaged Workers: Empirical Evidence and Labour Policies. AIEL Series in Labour Economics, 65–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Petroleum Geoscience.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. Health Check: Is Man Flu Real? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Special Education: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Address Unique Challenges of Educating Children in Nursing Homes. GAO-14-585.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevitt, D.S. 2017. Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. 2017. Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patek 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Patek 2001; Feau and Schoenberger 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feau and Schoenberger 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Girling et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePetroleum Geoscience
AbbreviationPet. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1354-0793
ISSN (online)2041-496X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology
Fuel Technology

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