How to format your references using the Petroleum Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Petroleum Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quinn, H. 2000. No conflict between SLAC and Japan’s KEK. Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Nature, 404, 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crain, J.N. and Pierce, D.T. 2005. End states in one-dimensional atom chains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307, 703–706.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roberts, L., Stone, R. and Sugden, A. 2009. The rise of restoration ecology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 555.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jones, D.C., Wein, M.N., Oukka, M., Hofstaetter, J.G., Glimcher, M.J. and Glimcher, L.H. 2006. Regulation of adult bone mass by the zinc finger adapter protein Schnurri-3. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312, 1223–1227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goossens, F. 2015. How to Implement Market Models Using VBA.
An edited book
Pointcheval, D., Mu, Y. and Chen, K. (eds). 2006. Cryptology and Network Security: 5th International Conference, CANS 2006, Suzhou, China, December 8-10, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science.
A chapter in an edited book
Branton, N. 2009. Landscape Approaches in Historical Archaeology: The Archaeology of Places. In: Gaimster, D. and Majewski, T. (eds) International Handbook of Historical Archaeology. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Petroleum Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Policy and Procedures Pertaining to Procurement of ADP Equipment. B-159605.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patil, A.V. 2017. Programming QR Code Scanner, Communicating Android Devices, and Unit Testing in Fortified Cards. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M. and Schmidt, M.S. 2017. Comey Tells How Trump Persisted in Pleas to F.B.I. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quinn 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Quinn 2000; Crain and Pierce 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crain and Pierce 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePetroleum Geoscience
AbbreviationPet. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1354-0793
ISSN (online)2041-496X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology
Fuel Technology

Other styles