How to format your references using the Petroleum Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Petroleum Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lichten, M. 2015. Molecular biology. Putting the breaks on meiosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350, 913.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, S.C. and Caron, J.-B. 2014. A primitive fish from the Cambrian of North America. Nature, 512, 419–422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peirce, V., Carobbio, S. and Vidal-Puig, A. 2014. The different shades of fat. Nature, 510, 76–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Capoccioni, F., Costa, C., Canali, E., Aguzzi, J., Antonucci, F., Ragonese, S. and Bianchini, M.L. 2014. The potential reproductive contribution of Mediterranean migrating eels to the Anguilla anguilla stock. Scientific reports, 4, 7188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana, J. 2013. Sustainable Supply Chain Management.
An edited book
Mandal, P. and Vong, J. (eds). 2016. Development of Tourism and the Hospitality Industry in Southeast Asia. Managing the Asian Century.
A chapter in an edited book
Alpay, D., Luna-Elizarrarás, M.E., Shapiro, M. and Struppa, D.C. 2014. Norms and Inner Products on $$\mathbb B\mathbb C$$ B C -Modules. In: Luna-Elizarrarás, M. E., Shapiro, M. and Struppa, D. C. (eds) Basics of Functional Analysis with Bicomplex Scalars, and Bicomplex Schur Analysis. SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 37–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Petroleum Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. How Brain Implants Can Let Paralysed People Move Again. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Environmental Protection: Rocket Tests in Mississippi to Be Heavily Restricted. NSIAD-92-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arendse, E.M. 2014. A Textual Caribbean: Voices of the Multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. 1975. A Month With Mom In Eire; A Month With Mom in Ireland. New York Times, Travel And ResortsXX1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lichten 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Morris and Caron 2014; Lichten 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Caron 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Capoccioni et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePetroleum Geoscience
AbbreviationPet. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1354-0793
ISSN (online)2041-496X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Economic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology
Fuel Technology

Other styles