How to format your references using the BMC Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Developmental Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gingeras TR. Implications of chimaeric non-co-linear transcripts. Nature. 2009;461:206–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang TT, Palese P. Biochemistry. Catching a moving target. Science. 2011;333:834–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang H, Ma Z, Liu J-F. Equilibrium spin current in graphene with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Donnelley M, Morgan KS, Siu KKW, Farrow NR, Stahr CS, Boucher RC, et al. Non-invasive airway health assessment: synchrotron imaging reveals effects of rehydrating treatments on mucociliary transit in-vivo. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smed J, Hakonen H. Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Benuto LT, Thaler NS, Leany BD, editors. Guide to Psychological Assessment with Asians. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lalanda P, McCann JA, Diaconescu A. Autonomic Computing Architectures. In: McCann JA, Diaconescu A, editors. Autonomic Computing: Principles, Design and Implementation. London: Springer; 2013. p. 95–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Developmental Biology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. What The Hell Is This Prehistoric-Looking Prawn Fish? IFLScience. 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/what-the-hell-is-this-prehistoriclooking-prawn-fish/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: More Details Needed on Plans to Integrate Computer Systems With the Family Court and Use Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sousa KL. Soul Seeking: A Crossing. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Third-Party Candidate; Perot’s Vision: Consensus by Computer. New York Times. 1992;:11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Developmental Biology
AbbreviationBMC Dev. Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-213X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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