How to format your references using the BMC Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Developmental Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Sweet dreams. Nature. 2003;421:193.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Saunders MA, Lea AS. Seasonal prediction of hurricane activity reaching the coast of the United States. Nature. 2005;434:1005–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Myung K, Chen C, Kolodner RD. Multiple pathways cooperate in the suppression of genome instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature. 2001;411:1073–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ito A, Yamamoto Y, Sato M, Ikeda K, Yamamoto M, Fujita H, et al. Induction of functional tissue-engineered skeletal muscle constructs by defined electrical stimulation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mansour M, Wilhite R, Rowe J. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Siddik ZH, editor. Checkpoint Controls and Targets in Cancer Therapy. 1st edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Du Y, Wang R, Qu J. Spike Train Pattern and Firing Synchronization in a Model of the Olfactory Mitral Cell. In: Guo C, Hou Z-G, Zeng Z, editors. Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2013: 10th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Dalian, China, July 4-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 28–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Developmental Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. This Microchip That Could Reduce Animal Testing has Designers Excited. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Distance Education: Growth in Distance Education Programs and Implications for Federal Education Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Iwuagwu CI. Preventing the Spread of HIV Among Homeless Youth in California. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Crow K. Two Old Buildings Win Friends in High Places. New York Times. 2002;:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Developmental Biology
AbbreviationBMC Dev. Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-213X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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