How to format your references using the BMC Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Developmental Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pither J. Comment on “Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies.” Science. 2007;316:1124; author reply 1124.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dickson D, Abbott A. Britain asks to join European Southern Observatory. Nature. 2000;405:382–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hansen B, Turrell WR, Østerhus S. Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950. Nature. 2001;411:927–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Choudhary C, Kumar C, Gnad F, Nielsen ML, Rehman M, Walther TC, et al. Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions. Science. 2009;325:834–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith J, Roberts R. Vital Signs for Nurses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Maggino F, Nuvolati G, editors. Quality of life in Italy: Research and Reflections. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nguyen C, Park J. Development of Stepped-Frequency Continuous-Wave Radar Sensors. In: Park J, editor. Stepped-Frequency Radar Sensors: Theory, Analysis and Design. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 65–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Developmental Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. When Should You Take Antibiotics? IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/when-should-you-take-antibiotics/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area--Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gonzaga Reed RR. The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. A Hurdle to Transparency. New York Times. 2015;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Developmental Biology
AbbreviationBMC Dev. Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-213X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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