How to format your references using the BMC Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Developmental Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Holmes EC. Virology. 1918 and all that. Science. 2004;303:1787–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Desai SA, Miller LH. Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated. Nature. 2014;511:541–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Guo G, Wang W, Bradley A. Mismatch repair genes identified using genetic screens in Blm-deficient embryonic stem cells. Nature. 2004;429:891–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sahai R, Morris M, Knapp GR, Young K, Barnbaum C. A collimated, high-speed outflow from the dying star V Hydrae. Nature. 2003;426:261–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cheremisinoff NP. Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Last M, Szczepaniak PS, Volkovich Z, Kandel A, editors. Advances in Web Intelligence and Data Mining. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Neubauer AC, Fink A. Neuroscientific Approaches to the Study of Individual Differences in Cognition and Personality. In: Gruszka A, Matthews G, Szymura B, editors. Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition: Attention, Memory, and Executive Control. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 73–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Developmental Biology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. How Do Trees Know When It’s Spring? IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spring-coming-how-do-trees-know/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Procedures for Registering and Certifying Air Carriers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Clark M. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Spit and Polish For an Old Soldier. New York Times. 2002;:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Developmental Biology
AbbreviationBMC Dev. Biol.
ISSN (online)1471-213X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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