How to format your references using the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cairns, J., 2004. The usefulness of parody. Nature 428, 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellington, A.D., Bull, J.J., 2005. Evolution. Changing the cofactor diet of an enzyme. Science 310, 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karl, M., Nowak, B., Gasenzer, T., 2013. Tuning universality far from equilibrium. Sci. Rep. 3, 2394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harte, J., Ostling, A., Green, J.L., Kinzig, A., 2004. Biodiversity conservation: climate change and extinction risk. Nature 430, 3 p following 33; discussion following 33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros, T.F., 2010. Colloids in Paints. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Baan, W.A., Hagiwara, Y., Langevelde, H.J. van (Eds.), 2005. Dense Molecular Gas Around Protostars and in Galactic Nuclei: European Workshop on Astronomical Molecules 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Argatov, I., Mishuris, G., 2015. Frictionless Contact of Thin Viscoelastic Layers, in: Mishuris, G. (Ed.), Contact Mechanics of Articular Cartilage Layers: Asymptotic Models, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 99–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Internet Is Eating Your Memory, But Something Better Is Taking Its Place [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Air Travel and Communicable Diseases: Comprehensive Federal Plan Needed for U.S. Aviation System’s Preparedness (No. GAO-16-127). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillard, C., 2017. Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) and Implementation Science (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, I. by B., 2016. Life on Tour With a Little One in Tow. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cairns, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cairns, 2004; Ellington and Bull, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellington and Bull, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Harte et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
AbbreviationNeurosci. Biobehav. Rev.
ISSN (print)0149-7634
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles