How to format your references using the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert, F., 2001. Isotope geochemistry. The origin of water on earth. Science 293, 1056–1058.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yartsev, M.M., Ulanovsky, N., 2013. Representation of three-dimensional space in the hippocampus of flying bats. Science 340, 367–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milward, G.C., Calderón, M.J., Littlewood, P.B., 2005. Electronically soft phases in manganites. Nature 433, 607–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bass, R.B., Strop, P., Barclay, M., Rees, D.C., 2002. Crystal structure of Escherichia coli MscS, a voltage-modulated and mechanosensitive channel. Science 298, 1582–1587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collings, S., 2015. Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Buttazzo, G., 2005. Soft Real-Time Systems: Predictability vs. Efficiency, Series in Computer Science. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Bermejo, E., Martínez-Frías, M.L., 2010. Prevention, Diagnosis and Services, in: Posada de la Paz, M., Groft, S.C. (Eds.), Rare Diseases Epidemiology, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 55–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Trees Are Much Better At Creating Clouds And Cooling The Climate Than We Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Education Paperwork Requirements Are Burdensome: Better Federal Controls Needed (No. GGD-82-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Immaneni, R.N., 2015. An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Cafeteria Fare, Korean-Style. New York Times NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robert, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Robert, 2001; Yartsev and Ulanovsky, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yartsev and Ulanovsky, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bass et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
AbbreviationNeurosci. Biobehav. Rev.
ISSN (print)0149-7634
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles