How to format your references using the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchner, J.W., 2002. Evolutionary speed limits inferred from the fossil record. Nature 415, 65–68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill, R.A., Barton, R.A., 2005. Psychology: red enhances human performance in contests. Nature 435, 293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kokoeva, M.V., Yin, H., Flier, J.S., 2005. Neurogenesis in the hypothalamus of adult mice: potential role in energy balance. Science 310, 679–683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lugo, J.E., Doti, R., Sanchez, N., de la Mora, M.B., del Rio, J.A., Faubert, J., 2014. The bifoil photodyne: a photonic crystal oscillator. Sci. Rep. 4, 3705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gelbaum, B.R., 1995. Modern Real and Complex Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Eladdadi, A., Kim, P., Mallet, D. (Eds.), 2014. Mathematical Models of Tumor-Immune System Dynamics, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Betzler, N., Uhlmann, J., 2008. Parameterized Complexity of Candidate Control in Elections and Related Digraph Problems, in: Yang, B., Du, D.-Z., Wang, C.A. (Eds.), Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: Second International Conference, COCOA 2008, St. John’s, NL, Canada, August 21-24, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Parrots Lose in the War of the Adorables [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Study of Certain Management Practices at the National Institute of Education (No. HRD-77-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, A., 2015. Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Street-Cleaning Rules Are Whisked Away, And Drivers Get a Little Patch of Heaven. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirchner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hill and Barton, 2005; Kirchner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill and Barton, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lugo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
AbbreviationNeurosci. Biobehav. Rev.
ISSN (print)0149-7634
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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