How to format your references using the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson, F., 2004. A meeting with Enrico Fermi. Nature 427, 297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baumiller, T.K., Gahn, F.J., 2004. Testing predator-driven evolution with Paleozoic crinoid arm regeneration. Science 305, 1453–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peters, C.J., Fedida, D., Accili, E.A., 2013. Allosteric coupling of the inner activation gate to the outer pore of a potassium channel. Sci. Rep. 3, 3025.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., da Fonseca, G.A., Kent, J., 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403, 853–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radoine, H., 2017. Architecture in Context. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dohi, T., Nakagawa, T. (Eds.), 2013. Stochastic Reliability and Maintenance Modeling: Essays in Honor of Professor Shunji Osaki on his 70th Birthday, Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Corkill, R., 2014. Basic Principles and Simple Techniques, in: Murphy, K., Robertson, F. (Eds.), Interventional Neuroradiology. Springer, London, pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Humans And Neanderthals Mated More Recently Than Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Developing a Domestic Common Carrier Telecommunications Policy: What Are the Issues? (No. CED-79-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scott, E., 2013. Effects of cultural nutritional education among Hispanic women with diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Scoreboard Shows Insult After Injury on Mound. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dyson, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Baumiller and Gahn, 2004; Dyson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baumiller and Gahn, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Myers et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
AbbreviationNeurosci. Biobehav. Rev.
ISSN (print)0149-7634
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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