How to format your references using the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edelaar, P., 2013. Comment on “Evolutionary trade-offs, Pareto optimality, and the geometry of phenotype space.” Science 339, 757.
A journal article with 2 authors
McLean, P.F., Cooley, L., 2013. Protein equilibration through somatic ring canals in Drosophila. Science 340, 1445–1447.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., Mvondo, D.N., 2001. A possible nitrogen crisis for Archaean life due to reduced nitrogen fixation by lightning. Nature 412, 61–64.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krekelberg, B., Lappe, M., Whitney, D., Cavanagh, P., Eagleman, D.M., Sejnowski, T.J., 2000. The position of moving objects. Science 289, 1107a.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jackson, J., 2012. Political Oratory and Cartooning. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tally, R.T., Battista, C.M. (Eds.), 2016. Ecocriticism and Geocriticism: Overlapping Territories in Environmental and Spatial Literary Studies, Geocriticism and Spatial Literary Studies. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Scuderi, E., Parrinello, R.E., Izal, D., Perrucci, G.P., Fitzek, F.H.P., Palazzo, S., Molinaro, A., 2010. A Mobile Platform for Measurements in Dynamic Topology Wireless Networks, in: Giusto, D., Iera, A., Morabito, G., Atzori, L. (Eds.), The Internet of Things: 20th Tyrrhenian Workshop on Digital Communications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Neil deGrasse Tyson Shares Some Awesome Advice With Six-Year-Old Child [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government (No. GAO-05-325SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister, M.H., 2008. Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2003. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Says Politics Needs More Women. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edelaar, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Edelaar, 2013; McLean and Cooley, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McLean and Cooley, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Krekelberg et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
AbbreviationNeurosci. Biobehav. Rev.
ISSN (print)0149-7634
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles