How to format your references using the Gold Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gold Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazcano A (2005) Global voices of science. Teaching evolution in Mexico: preaching to the choir. Science 310:787–789
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MR, Caron J-B (2010) Primitive soft-bodied cephalopods from the Cambrian. Nature 465:469–472
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu Z, Gauthier DJ, Boyd RW (2007) Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science 318:1748–1750
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fricke C, Lee JS, Geiger-Rudolph S, et al (2001) astray, a zebrafish roundabout homolog required for retinal axon guidance. Science 292:507–510

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevenson O (2008) Neglected Children and Their Families. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Carsrud AL (2012) Family Firms in Transition: Case Studies on Succession, Inheritance, and Governance. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zaman N, Chowdhury M (2013) Multimedia Stream Rate Control over MANET Based on Router Feedback. In: Lee R (ed) Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing 2012. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gold Bulletin.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Rampaging Elephant Smashes House, Then Rescues Crying Baby. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Expenditures for Public Affairs Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock C (2012) Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Cubs Slugger Admits He May Cry Over His Unlikely Return to Action. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGold Bulletin
ISSN (print)2364-821X
ISSN (online)2190-7579
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
General Materials Science

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