How to format your references using the Gold Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gold Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De Libero G (2004) Immunology. The Robin Hood of antigen presentation. Science 303:485–487
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao L, Cao Z (2014) Directional scaling symmetry of high-symmetry two-dimensional lattices. Sci Rep 4:6193
A journal article with 3 authors
Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS (2003) Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science 299:1722–1725
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Choi J-H, Sim S-E, Kim J-I, et al (2018) Interregional synaptic maps among engram cells underlie memory formation. Science 360:430–435

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton RJ, Smith C (2014) Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Meiselwitz G (2016) Social Computing and Social Media: 8th International Conference, SCSM 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Shabtai A, Elovici Y, Rokach L (2012) Data Leakage Detection/Prevention Solutions. In: Elovici Y, Rokach L (eds) A Survey of Data Leakage Detection and Prevention Solutions. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 17–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gold Bulletin.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) List Of Habitable Planets Could Increase Thanks To New Magnetic Field Generation Model. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Tax Systems Modernization: Private Sector Modernization Efforts IRS May Want to Examine. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter CA (2008) The Panhellenic Project: Assessing learning engagement using Web 2.0 technologies. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M (2017) Win for Voting Rights Advocates, but Battles Are Ahead. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGold Bulletin
ISSN (print)2364-821X
ISSN (online)2190-7579
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
General Materials Science

Other styles