How to format your references using the BIT Numerical Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BIT Numerical Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zwane, A.P.: Economics. Implications of scarcity. Science. 338, 617–618 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shapiro, E., Gil, B.: Cell biology. RNA computing in a living cell. Science. 322, 387–388 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Murray, B.J., Knopf, D.A., Bertram, A.K.: The formation of cubic ice under conditions relevant to Earth’s atmosphere. Nature. 434, 202–205 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Wang, J., Zhang, G., Li, Q., Jiang, H., Liu, C., Amatore, C., Wang, X.: In vivo self-bio-imaging of tumors through in situ biosynthesized fluorescent gold nanoclusters. Sci. Rep. 3, 1157 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Battu, D.: New Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
1.
Baleanu, D., Machado, J.A.T., Luo, A.C.J. eds: Fractional Dynamics and Control. Springer, New York, NY (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Suarez, A.: Free Will and Nonlocality at Detection as Basic Principles of Quantum Physics. In: Suarez, A. and Adams, P. (eds.) Is Science Compatible with Free Will?: Exploring Free Will and Consciousness in the Light of Quantum Physics and Neuroscience. pp. 63–79. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BIT Numerical Mathematics.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton, K.: African Countries Square Up For Battle Over Future Of Ivory Trade Ban, https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/african-countries-square-up-for-battle-over-future-of-ivory-trade-ban/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tanag, H.B.: Building bridges of hope after loss: A self-directed workbook for foster parents, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shear, M.D.: Trump to Release Kennedy Killing Papers, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBIT Numerical Mathematics
AbbreviationBIT
ISSN (print)0006-3835
ISSN (online)1572-9125
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Software
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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