How to format your references using the BIT Numerical Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BIT Numerical Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bosch, X.: Spanish postgrads push for better employment rights. Nature. 405, 723 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kummamuru, R.K., Soh, Y.-A.: Electrical effects of spin density wave quantization and magnetic domain walls in chromium. Nature. 452, 859–863 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Qi, Y., Dolgushev, M., Zhang, Z.: Dynamics of semiflexible recursive small-world polymer networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 7576 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Porciello, G., Holmes, B.S., Liuzza, M.T., Crostella, F., Aglioti, S.M., Bufalari, I.: Interpersonal multisensory stimulation reduces the overwhelming distracting power of self-gaze: psychophysical evidence for “engazement.” Sci. Rep. 4, 6669 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tardu, S.: Transport and Coherent Structures in Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
1.
Abdulai, A.-M.: Linking Sustainable Livelihoods to Natural Resources and Governance: The Scale of Poverty in the Muslim World. Springer, Singapore (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Idema, R., Lahaye, D.J.P.: Convergence Theory. In: Lahaye, D.J.P. (ed.) Computational Methods in Power System Analysis. pp. 29–44. Atlantis Press, Paris (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BIT Numerical Mathematics.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton, K.: Diagonal Ear Crease Linked To Increased Risk Of Coronary Heart Disease, https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/diagonal-ear-crease-linked-to-increased-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Maritime Administration’s Federal Ship Financing Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Solomon, R.B.: Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chapman, M.M.: A Year in the Slow Lane in a ’30 Ford, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBIT Numerical Mathematics
AbbreviationBIT
ISSN (print)0006-3835
ISSN (online)1572-9125
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Software
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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