How to format your references using the BioDrugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioDrugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davidson LA. Developmental biology. Apoptosis turbocharges epithelial morphogenesis. Science. 2008;321:1641–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gray N, Chouard T. Neurotechniques. Nature. 2009;461:899.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Paolo FS, Fricker HA, Padman L. Ice sheets. Volume loss from Antarctic ice shelves is accelerating. Science. 2015;348:327–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Martin A, Bardwell PD, Woo CJ, Fan M, Shulman MJ, Scharff MD. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase turns on somatic hypermutation in hybridomas. Nature. 2002;415:802–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ghavami M, Michael LB, Kohno R. Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Simmons KM. Deadly Season: Analyzing the 2011 Tornado Outbreaks. Sutter D, editor. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cook RT. Vagueness and Meaning. In: Ronzitti G, editor. Vagueness: A Guide. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 83–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioDrugs.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Scorpions Have Similar Tastes In Interior Burrow Design [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress Implementing Requirements in the Aviation Security Act of 2016. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Sep. Report No.: GAO-17-662.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Contartesi RA. School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chen DW, David Goodman J. In Naming Top Police Official, De Blasio May Signal Change. New York Times. 2013 Nov 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioDrugs
ISSN (print)1173-8804
ISSN (online)1179-190X
General Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles