How to format your references using the BioDrugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioDrugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cohen J. EDUCATION: Gates Gives Cambridge a Rival to Rhodes. Science. 2000;290:422a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Crivoi A, Duan F. Three-dimensional Monte Carlo model of the coffee-ring effect in evaporating colloidal droplets. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4310.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Choi W-Y, Giraldez AJ, Schier AF. Target protectors reveal dampening and balancing of Nodal agonist and antagonist by miR-430. Science. 2007;318:271–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee TI, Causton HC, Holstege FC, Shen WC, Hannett N, Jennings EG, et al. Redundant roles for the TFIID and SAGA complexes in global transcription. Nature. 2000;405:701–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Machin D, Campbell MJ. Design of Studies for Medical Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Freeman A, Felgoise SH, Nezu CM, Nezu AM, Reinecke MA, editors. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Halabchi F. Doping in Combat Sports. In: Wallace WA, Wroble RR, Maffulli N, Kordi R, editors. Combat Sports Medicine. London: Springer; 2009. p. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioDrugs.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. So You Want To Build A Death Star? Here’s How To Get Started [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Compensatory Education: Aguilar v. Felton Decision’s Continuing Impact on Chapter 1 Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Sep. Report No.: HRD-89-131BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Komatsuzaki T. Borrowing constraints and the business cycle in emerging markets [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Nixon R. More Immigrants Face Deportation Under New Rules. New York Times. 2017 Feb 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioDrugs
ISSN (print)1173-8804
ISSN (online)1179-190X
General Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

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