How to format your references using the Biotechnology Progress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Progress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Leigh GJ. Chemistry. So that’s how it’s done--maybe. Science. 2003;301(5629):55-56.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Coffelt SB, de Visser KE. Cancer: Inflammation lights the way to metastasis. Nature. 2014;507(7490):48-49.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ellison CRW, Chapman MR, Hall IR. Surface and deep ocean interactions during the cold climate event 8200 years ago. Science. 2006;312(5782):1929-1932.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
1.
Zhou Y, O’Connell R, Maguire P, Zhang H. High throughput secondary electron imaging of organic residues on a graphene surface. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Avlonas N, Nassos GP. Practical Sustainability Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Boella G, Elkind E, Savarimuthu BTR, Dignum F, Purvis MK, eds. PRIMA 2013: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 16th International Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand, December 1-6, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 8291. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
González-Jiménez E, Mullin GE. Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: Etiopathogenic Analysis. In: Mullin GE, Cheskin LJ, Matarese LE, eds. Integrative Weight Management: A Guide for Clinicians. New York, NY: Springer; 2014:47-59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Progress.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Why Cold Viruses Don’t Like It Warm. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-cold-viruses-dont-like-it-warm/. Published July 11, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bowmar JS. Building Energy Efficiency and Resilience in the United States, One Disaster at a Time: Fostering Green Building Principles through Disaster Assistance. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. How the Titan Who Terrified The New Yorker Ended Up Saving It. New York Times. October 2, 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Progress
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Prog.
ISSN (print)8756-7938
ISSN (online)1520-6033
ScopeBiotechnology

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