How to format your references using the Biotechnology Progress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Progress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolpert AJ. The future of electronic data. Nature. 2002;420(6911):17-18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero CR, Pérez-Gussinyé M. Sequential faulting explains the asymmetry and extension discrepancy of conjugate margins. Nature. 2010;468(7321):294-299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song YQ, Ryu S, Sen PN. Determining multiple length scales in rocks. Nature. 2000;406(6792):178-181.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Li K, Cong R, Wu T, Wang L. Bluffing promotes overconfidence on social networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niemi V, Nyberg K. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Security. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Al-Rubeai M, Fussenegger M, eds. Cell Engineering: Apoptosis. Vol 4. Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Turenne S. Judicial Independence in England and Wales. In: Seibert-Fohr A, ed. Judicial Independence in Transition. Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht. Springer; 2012:147-183.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Progress.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Science Of How These Twin Sisters Look So Different. IFLScience. Published March 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Trends in Evaluation. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koonin LM. Acceptability of Pharmacies Serving as Primary Dispensers of Antiviral Drugs during an Influenza Pandemic: Perspectives of Pharmacy Executives. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George J. My Family’s Flop. New York Times. January 2, 2011:WK10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Progress
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Prog.
ISSN (print)8756-7938
ISSN (online)1520-6033

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