How to format your references using the Applied Spectroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Spectroscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
A. Corma. “Materials chemistry: Catalysts made thinner”. Nature. 2009. 461(7261): 182–183.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
C. Wennerås, A. Wold. “A chair of one’s own”. Nature. 2000. 408(6813): 647.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
S.-Y. Ju, W.P. Kopcha, F. Papadimitrakopoulos. “Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization”. Science. 2009. 323(5919): 1319–1323.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
D.-J. Wei, Q. Liu, H.-X. Zhang, Y. Hu, Y. Deng, S. Mahadevan. “Box-covering algorithm for fractal dimension of weighted networks”. Sci. Rep. 2013. 3: 3049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
J.L. Bayuk, J. Healey, P. Rohmeyer, M.H. Sachs, J. Schmidt, J. Weiss. Cyber Security Policy Guidebook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
1.
F.F. Abeles, M.E. Fuller, eds. Modern Logic 1850-1950, East and West. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
A.K. Demetriades, F. Ringel, B. Meyer. “Cervical Disc Arthroplasty: A Critical Review and Appraisal of the Latest Available Evidence”. In: J. Schramm, editor. Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery: Volume 41. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014. Pp. 107–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Spectroscopy.

Blog post
1.
E. Andrew. “Why Men Don’t Need To Be Screened For Breast Cancer, But Should Still Do Regular Checks”. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-men-don-t-need-be-screened-breast-cancer-should-still-do-regular-checks/ [Oct 30 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Concerning the Reauthorization of Aviation Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
S. Bono. Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs. [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
I. Pendleton. ART AND TASTE IN THE SMALL GARDEN; The Show Is a Busy Short-Course Garden School. New York Times. 1934. DRAMA SCREEN MUSIC SHOPPERS’ COLUMNS EDUCATION GARDENS RADIO FASHIONS ART THE DANCE HOTELS RESTAURANTSX14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Spectroscopy
AbbreviationAppl. Spectrosc.
ISSN (print)0003-7028
ISSN (online)1943-3530
ScopeSpectroscopy
Instrumentation

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