How to format your references using the Biotechnology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Back on track? Nature 430:381
A journal article with 2 authors
Losick R, Desplan C (2008) Stochasticity and cell fate. Science 320:65–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Sweeney KE, Roering JJ, Ellis C (2015) GEOMORPHOLOGY. Experimental evidence for hillslope control of landscape scale. Science 349:51–53
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Neumann CA, Krause DS, Carman CV, et al (2003) Essential role for the peroxiredoxin Prdx1 in erythrocyte antioxidant defence and tumour suppression. Nature 424:561–565

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood J, Brown W, Howe H (2013) IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Alani H, Kagal L, Fokoue A, et al (eds) (2013) The Semantic Web – ISWC 2013: 12th International Semantic Web Conference, Sydney, NSW, Australia, October 21-25, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Afamasaga-Fuata’i K (2009) Using Concept Maps and Vee Diagrams to Analyse the “Fractions” Strand in Primary Mathematics. In: Afamasaga-Fuata’i K (ed) Concept Mapping in Mathematics: Research into Practice. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 59–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Letters.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) The World’s First Three-Parent Baby Has Been Born. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/worlds-first-three-parent-baby-born/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) The Federal Weather Program Must Have Stronger Central Direction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederiksen MD (2013) Engaging physicians to support corporate compliance programs: A grounded theory study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Angelos J (2017) The Prophet. New York Times MM46

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Losick and Desplan 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losick and Desplan 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Neumann et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Letters
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Lett.
ISSN (print)0141-5492
ISSN (online)1573-6776
ScopeBiotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles