How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehrsson, H.H., 2007. The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences. Science 317, 1048.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewenstein, M., Sanpera, A., 2008. Physics. Probing quantum magnetism with cold atoms. Science 319, 292–293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinez, F., Goodliffe, A.M., Taylor, B., 2001. Metamorphic core complex formation by density inversion and lower-crust extrusion. Nature 411, 930–934.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reith, F., Rogers, S.L., McPhail, D.C., Webb, D., 2006. Biomineralization of gold: biofilms on bacterioform gold. Science 313, 233–236.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lesca, H., Lesca, N., 2014. Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ferreras, I., Pasquali, A. (Eds.), 2011. Environment and the Formation of Galaxies: 30 years later: Proceedings of Symposium 2 of JENAM 2010, Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, W.-D., Oh, S.-K., Kim, J.-T., 2012. Design of Optimized Radial Basis Function Neural Networks Classifier with the Aid of Fuzzy Clustering and Data Preprocessing Method, in: Wang, J., Yen, G.G., Polycarpou, M.M. (Eds.), Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2012: 9th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Shenyang, China, July 11-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Here’s What It Would Have Been Like To Be Caught In The Great Fire of London [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Weather Forecasting: Unmet Needs and Unknown Costs Warrant Reassessment of Observing System Plans (No. AIMD-95-81). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayfield, K.M., 2010. Project managers’ experience and description of decision uncertainty associated with the agile software development methodology: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
CHARKES; Mary Jo, J., Reporting, L.S.C., 2009. A Spring Surprise: Openings in Preschools. New York Times WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ehrsson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ehrsson, 2007; Lewenstein and Sanpera, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewenstein and Sanpera, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Reith et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1370

Other styles