How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pyle, A.M., 2005. Capping by branching: a new ribozyme makes tiny lariats. Science 309, 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aebersold, R., Mann, M., 2003. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics. Nature 422, 198–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jasny, B.R., Kelner, K.L., Pennisi, E., 2008. Genetics of behavior. From genes to social behavior. Introduction. Science 322, 891.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, R., Mizaikoff, B., Li, W.-W., Qian, C., Katzir, A., Raichlin, Y., Sheng, G.-P., Yu, H.-Q., 2013. Determination of chlorinated hydrocarbons in water using highly sensitive mid-infrared sensor technology. Sci. Rep. 3, 2525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boulanger, J.-L., 2013. Safety Management for Software-based Equipment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Epand, R.M. (Ed.), 2016. Host Defense Peptides and Their Potential as Therapeutic Agents. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Duffau, H., 2006. Lessons from Brain Mapping in Surgery for Low-Grade Gliomas: Study of Cerebral Connectivity and Plasticity, in: Yang, G.-Z., Jiang, T., Shen, D., Gu, L., Yang, J. (Eds.), Medical Imaging and Augmented Reality: Third International Workshop, Shanghai, China, August 17-18, 2006 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. The Sistine Chapel Enters The Digital Age With Huge Imaging Project [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness Improving, But Critical Risks Remain (No. T-AIMD-99-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mirzalou, R., 2017. Design and simulation of an 8-PSK super regenerative receiver with new phase detection technique (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. T. I. Writes Letters to Obama and Trump. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pyle, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Aebersold and Mann, 2003; Pyle, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aebersold and Mann, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1370

Other styles