How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibley, C.H., 2015. Infectious diseases. Understanding artemisinin resistance. Science 347, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Praetorius, S.K., Mix, A.C., 2014. Paleoclimate. Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming. Science 345, 444–448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldwin, M.P., Dameris, M., Shepherd, T.G., 2007. Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science 316, 1576–1577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wen, L., Chen, Q., Sun, F., Song, S., Jin, L., Yu, Y., 2014. Theoretical design of multi-colored semi-transparent organic solar cells with both efficient color filtering and light harvesting. Sci. Rep. 4, 7036.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hood, D., Trojer, E., 2012. Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lockley, P. (Ed.), 2016. Protestant Communalism in the Trans-Atlantic World, 1650–1850, Christianities in the Trans-Atlantic World, 1500-1800. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Cataldo, F., 2005. From Elemental Carbon to Complex Macromolecular Networks in Space, in: Ehrenfreund, P., Irvine, W., Owen, T., Becker, L., Blank, J., Brucato, J., Colangeli, L., Derenne, S., Dutrey, A., Despois, D., Lazcano, A., Robert, F. (Eds.), Astrobiology: Future Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Life Cycle Of Stars Captured In A Single Snapshot [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Higher Education: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced (No. GAO-03-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wizda, L.L., 2010. A case study of online peer coaching of consultant communication skill development (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Open Is Dominated By News of the Weird. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sibley, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Praetorius and Mix, 2014; Sibley, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Praetorius and Mix, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1370

Other styles