How to format your references using the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weyer S. 2008. Geochemistry. What drives iron isotope fractionation in magma? Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 1600–1601.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasthuri N, Lichtman JW. 2003. The role of neuronal identity in synaptic competition. Nature 424: 426–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Shem A, Frolow F, Nelson N. 2003. Crystal structure of plant photosystem I. Nature 426: 630–635.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhao L, Miao L, Liu C, Li C, Asaka T, Kang Y, Iwamoto Y, Tanemura S, Gu H, Su H. 2014. Solution-processed VO2-SiO2 composite films with simultaneously enhanced luminous transmittance, solar modulation ability and anti-oxidation property. Scientific reports 4: 7000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cofnas A. 2011. Trading Binary Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kappauf J. 2011. Logistic Core Operations with SAP: Procurement, Production and Distribution Logistics. Lauterbach B and Koch M (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hsu A, Suskind AM, Huang AJ. 2016. Urinary Incontinence Among Older Adults. In New Directions in Geriatric Medicine: Concepts, Trends, and Evidence-Based Practice, Lindquist LA (ed). Springer International Publishing: Cham; 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Osteoarchaeology.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Why We Shouldn’t Label GMO Foods. IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. FAA Safety Inspector Training Survey Data, an E-supplement to GAO-05-728. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dill KD. 2012. Nonparametric alternative to Poly-k test in animal tumorigenicity studies, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. 1978. The Canadiens; and Soul Hockey No Politics on Ice Flyers a Different Breed. New York Times 9th April: SportsS2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weyer, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kasthuri & Lichtman, 2003; Weyer, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kasthuri & Lichtman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
AbbreviationInt. J. Osteoarchaeol.
ISSN (print)1047-482X
ISSN (online)1099-1212

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