How to format your references using the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krot AN. 2011. Planetary science. Bringing part of an asteroid back home. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333: 1098–1099.
A journal article with 2 authors
Santner A, Estelle M. 2009. Recent advances and emerging trends in plant hormone signalling. Nature 459: 1071–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laepple T, Werner M, Lohmann G. 2011. Synchronicity of Antarctic temperatures and local solar insolation on orbital timescales. Nature 471: 91–94.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
O’Brien M, McEvoy N, Hallam T, Kim H-Y, Berner NC, Hanlon D, Lee K, Coleman JN, Duesberg GS. 2014. Transition metal dichalcogenide growth via close proximity precursor supply. Scientific reports 4: 7374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee YS. 2011. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Maier R. 2005. Enterprise Knowledge Infrastructures. Hädrich T and Peinl R (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith O. 2015. There is an Art to Teaching Science in the 21st Century. In Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education: Full STEAM Ahead, Ge X, Ifenthaler D, and Spector JM (eds). Springer International Publishing: Cham; 81–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Osteoarchaeology.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. How Pharmaceutical Companies Profit From Drugs For Rare Diseases. IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Selected FCC Regulatory Policies: Their Purpose and Consequences for Commercial Radio and TV. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M. 2015. College preparedness program for high school students in South Los Angeles, California: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. 2016. Reviving a Snow Globe Town and Its Comfortable Nostalgia. New York Times 23rd November: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krot, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Krot, 2011; Santner & Estelle, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Santner & Estelle, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Brien et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
AbbreviationInt. J. Osteoarchaeol.
ISSN (print)1047-482X
ISSN (online)1099-1212

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