How to format your references using the Frontiers in Craniofacial Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Craniofacial Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Clearing your own path. Nature 420, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura, M. T., and Dangl, J. L. (2014). Plant science. Paired plant immune receptors. Science 344, 267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sang, L., Coller, H. A., and Roberts, J. M. (2008). Control of the reversibility of cellular quiescence by the transcriptional repressor HES1. Science 321, 1095–1100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Demers, G., Griffin, G., De Vroey, G., Haywood, J. R., Zurlo, J., and Bédard, M. (2006). Animal research. Harmonization of animal care and use guidance. Science 312, 700–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln, N. B., Kneebone, I. I., Macniven, J. A. B., and Morris, R. C. (2011). Psychological Management of Stroke. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Du, W. ed. (2013). Informatics and Management Science VI. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
El Miedany, Y. (2016). “PROMs for Rheumatoid Arthritis,” in Patient Reported Outcome Measures in Rheumatic Diseases, ed. Y. El Miedany (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 101–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Craniofacial Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Gravitational Waves Might Test For Extra Dimensions. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Aviation Security: Flight and Cabin Crew Member Security Training Strengthened, but Better Planning and Internal Controls Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katukuri, J. (2012). Relationship Extraction and Link Discovery from Biomedical Literature.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2011). Sip, Munch and Cheer. New York Times, NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Nishimura and Dangl, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishimura and Dangl, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Demers et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Craniofacial Biology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles