How to format your references using the Frontiers in Craniofacial Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Craniofacial Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pace, N. R. (2006). Time for a change. Nature 441, 289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pohrt, R., and Popov, V. L. (2013). Contact stiffness of randomly rough surfaces. Sci. Rep. 3, 3293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson, J. W. A., Witt, J. D. S., and Blamire, M. G. (2010). Controlled injection of spin-triplet supercurrents into a strong ferromagnet. Science 329, 59–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Myong, S., Cui, S., Cornish, P. V., Kirchhofer, A., Gack, M. U., Jung, J. U., et al. (2009). Cytosolic viral sensor RIG-I is a 5’-triphosphate-dependent translocase on double-stranded RNA. Science 323, 1070–1074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert, C. L. (2012). Clinical Trials Dictionary. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zubair, M. (2012). Electromagnetic Fields and Waves in Fractional Dimensional Space. , eds. M. J. Mughal and Q. A. Naqvi Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, X., You, X., and Wang, B. (2013). “Symplectic and Symmetric Multidimensional ERKN Methods,” in Structure-Preserving Algorithms for Oscillatory Differential Equations, eds. X. You and B. Wang (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 91–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Craniofacial Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Hungry Snake Picked The Wrong Dinner. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Is Effectively Managing Its Year 2000 Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs, E. (2017). Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray, C., and Kanter, J. (2017). E.U. Proposal May Shrink London’s Financial Footprint. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pace, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Pace, 2006; Pohrt and Popov, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pohrt and Popov, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Myong et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Craniofacial Biology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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