How to format your references using the Bioprinting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprinting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Zhang, ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS. More efficient together, Science. 350 (2015) 738–739.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.M.H. van den Elsen, D.E. Isenman, A crystal structure of the complex between human complement receptor 2 and its ligand C3d, Science. 332 (2011) 608–611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Q. Zhang, Y. Li, R.W. Tsien, The dynamic control of kiss-and-run and vesicular reuse probed with single nanoparticles, Science. 323 (2009) 1448–1453.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.S. Crampton, A.G. Beu, R.A. Cooper, C.M. Jones, B. Marshall, P.A. Maxwell, Estimating the rock volume bias in paleobiodiversity studies, Science. 301 (2003) 358–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Hooper, A. Zalewski, E. Watanabe, Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
G. Barthe, L. Burdy, M. Huisman, J.-L. Lanet, T. Muntean, eds., Construction and Analysis of Safe, Secure, and Interoperable Smart Devices: International Workshop, CASSIS 2004, Marseille, France, March 10-14, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Burns, J. Innes, T. Day, The Use and Potential of Pest-Proof Fencing for Ecosystem Restoration and Fauna Conservation in New Zealand, in: M.J. Somers, M. Hayward (Eds.), Fencing for Conservation: Restriction of Evolutionary Potential or a Riposte to Threatening Processes?, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 65–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprinting.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Check Out This “Lava Hose” Madly Gushing Out Of Hawaii, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Need for More Effective Controls Over Computerized Payroll-Processing Operations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.M. Denny, Impact of Occupational Health Interventions in Indonesia, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Tiny Territory, Debt in Billions: Fears Spread to Virgin Islands, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprinting
ISSN (print)2405-8866
Computer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering

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