How to format your references using the Bioprinting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprinting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Lewis, Developing themes, Nature. 430 (2004) 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Wang, W. Cai, Climate-change impact on the 20th-century relationship between the Southern Annular Mode and global mean temperature, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2039.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Pellizzoni, J. Yong, G. Dreyfuss, Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly, Science. 298 (2002) 1775–1779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter, A Silurian sea spider, Nature. 431 (2004) 978–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Simon, Control of Biological and Drug-Delivery Systems for Chemical, Biomedical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
B. Riemann, On the Hypotheses Which Lie at the Bases of Geometry, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B.G. Petri, R.J. Watts, A. Tsitonaki, M. Crimi, N.R. Thomson, A.L. Teel, Fundamentals of ISCO Using Persulfate, in: R.L. Siegrist, M. Crimi, T.J. Simpkin (Eds.), In Situ Chemical Oxidation for Groundwater Remediation, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 147–191.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprinting.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, 13 New Pulsars Discovered Thanks To Citizen Science Project, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Avoiding Major Disruptions Will Require Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.C. Knoth, Biological Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: An Examination of an Introductory Level Implementation, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Scouting Report, New York Times. (2010) E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprinting
ISSN (print)2405-8866
Computer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering

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