How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gintis H. Behavior. Punishment and cooperation. Science. 2008 Mar 7;319(5868):1345–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hannon GJ, Rossi JJ. Unlocking the potential of the human genome with RNA interference. Nature. 2004 Sep 16;431(7006):371–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yao M-C, Fuller P, Xi X. Programmed DNA deletion as an RNA-guided system of genome defense. Science. 2003 Jun 6;300(5625):1581–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kawane K, Ohtani M, Miwa K, Kizawa T, Kanbara Y, Yoshioka Y, et al. Chronic polyarthritis caused by mammalian DNA that escapes from degradation in macrophages. Nature. 2006 Oct 26;443(7114):998–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gwynne A. Guide to Building Control. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Schulz HD, Zabel M, editors. Marine Geochemistry. 2nd revised, updated and extended edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XIX, 574 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nobakht B, Bonsangue MM, de Boer FS, de Gouw S. Monitoring Method Call Sequences Using Annotations. In: Barbosa LS, Lumpe M, editors. Formal Aspects of Component Software: 7th International Workshop, FACS 2010, Guimarães, Portugal, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 53–70. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Transplanted Neural Stem Cells Successfully Integrate Into The Brain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/transplanted-neural-stem-cells-successfully-integrate-brain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. New L.A. Federal Courthouse: Evidence Is Insufficient To Suggest That Congress Reconsider Its Approval. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: GGD-88-43BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lamb BK. A Comparison of Carbon Dioxide Emissions at a Roundabout and a Signalized Intersection in a Mid-Sized City [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. The Court As Mr. Fix-It? New York Times. 2010 May 1;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles