How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Appelbaum FR. Retrospective. E. Donnall Thomas (1920-2012). Science. 2012 Nov 30;338(6111):1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Katzenellenbogen BS, Katzenellenbogen JA. Biomedicine. Defining the “S” in SERMs. Science. 2002 Mar 29;295(5564):2380–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
He Y, Michaels SD, Amasino RM. Regulation of flowering time by histone acetylation in Arabidopsis. Science. 2003 Dec 5;302(5651):1751–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wallingford JB, Rowning BA, Vogeli KM, Rothbächer U, Fraser SE, Harland RM. Dishevelled controls cell polarity during Xenopus gastrulation. Nature. 2000 May 4;405(6782):81–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Mackenzie FT. Carbon in the Geobiosphere — Earth’s Outer Shell —. Lerman A, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. XXI, 402 p. 1 illus. in color. (TOPICS IN GEOBIOLOGY; vol. 25).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Korelc J, Wriggers P. Materials. In: Wriggers P, editor. Automation of Finite Element Methods. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 137–79. (CISM).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Underwater Robot Reveals Colorful Explosion Of Life Beneath Antarctica [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/underwater-robot-reveals-colorful-explosion-life-beneath-antarctica/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Analysis of Travel Activities of Certain Regulatory Agency Commissioners During 1971-75. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Oct. Report No.: CED-76-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gonzalez ER. Technology and adiposity: Effects of television time, video or computer game time, and computer use on body fat among Latino youth [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lyman R, Walsh MW. Bankrupt City Fighting to Open a Crack in California’s Pension Agency. New York Times. 2014 Apr 21;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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