How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bobrow M. Regulate research at the animal-human interface. Nature. 2011 Jul 22;475(7357):448.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Roediger HL 3rd, McDermott KB. Neuroscience. Remember when? Science. 2011 Jul 1;333(6038):47–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Boulé JB, Vega LR, Zakian VA. The yeast Pif1p helicase removes telomerase from telomeric DNA. Nature. 2005 Nov 3;438(7064):57–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Uchida M, Onose Y, Matsui Y, Tokura Y. Real-space observation of helical spin order. Science. 2006 Jan 20;311(5759):359–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
American Institute of Timber Constr. Timber Construction Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Uchegbu IF, Schätzlein AG, Cheng WP, Lalatsa A, editors. Fundamentals of Pharmaceutical Nanoscience. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XIV, 598 p. 155 illus., 99 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kaszniak AW. Meditation, Mindfulness, Cognition, and Emotion: Implications for Community-Based Older Adult Programs. In: Hartman-Stein PE, LaRue A, editors. Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults: A Guide to the Use and Development of Community-Based Programs. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Mental Health And Romance Are The Roots Of Happiness, Study Finds. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Screening Partnership Program: TSA Has Improved Application Guidance and Monitoring of Screener Performance, and Continues to Improve Cost Comparison Methods. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jul. Report No.: GAO-14-787T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
MacKinder M. Max the Knife, Salesman [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Peters JW, Grynbaum MM. Returning to Role at Brash Website to Push Agenda. New York Times. 2017 Aug 18;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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