How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N. UK advised to step up asteroid hunt. Nature. 2000 Sep 21;407(6802):275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feinberg EH, Meister M. Orientation columns in the mouse superior colliculus. Nature. 2015 Mar 12;519(7542):229–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sowers T, Alley RB, Jubenville J. Ice core records of atmospheric N2O covering the last 106,000 years. Science. 2003 Aug 15;301(5635):945–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu Y-C, Sohma Y, Takimoto S, Miyauchi T, Yasui M. Direct visualization and quantitative analysis of water diffusion in complex biological tissues using CARS microscopy. Sci Rep. 2013 Sep 25;3:2745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ni Z, Pacoret C, Benosman R, Régnier S. Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Bhamidimarri R, Liu A, editors. Engineering and Enterprise: Inspiring Innovation. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVII, 127 p. 27 illus., 24 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang F, Lu H, Chen Y-W. Human Tracking by Multiple Kernel Boosting with Locality Affinity Constraints. In: Kimmel R, Klette R, Sugimoto A, editors. Computer Vision – ACCV 2010: 10th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 39–50. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 4 Behaviors Are The Most Reliable Predictors Of Divorce [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Chemical and Biological Warfare: Use of Collective Protection on Vehicles, Aircraft, and Ships. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-91-273FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gage JD. An inconsistency-based approach for sensing assessment in unknown environments [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Style Provocateurs. New York Times. 2012 Mar 4;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
Infectious Diseases

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