How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Boyd P. Ocean science. Ironing out algal issues in the Southern Ocean. Science. 2004 Apr 16;304(5669):396–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chin L, Gray JW. Translating insights from the cancer genome into clinical practice. Nature. 2008 Apr 3;452(7187):553–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tanaka Y, Okada Y, Hirokawa N. FGF-induced vesicular release of Sonic hedgehog and retinoic acid in leftward nodal flow is critical for left-right determination. Nature. 2005 May 12;435(7039):172–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Johnston CA, Temple BR, Chen J-G, Gao Y, Moriyama EN, Jones AM, et al. Comment on “A G protein coupled receptor is a plasma membrane receptor for the plant hormone abscisic acid.” Science. 2007 Nov 9;318(5852):914; author reply 914.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fayngold M. Special Relativity and Motions Faster than Light. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Tarokh V, editor. New Directions in Wireless Communications Research. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. XXVI, 469 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bosch N, D’Mello S, Baker R, Ocumpaugh J, Shute V. Temporal Generalizability of Face-Based Affect Detection in Noisy Classroom Environments. In: Conati C, Heffernan N, Mitrovic A, Verdejo MF, editors. Artificial Intelligence in Education: 17th International Conference, AIED 2015, Madrid, Spain, June 22-26, 2015 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 44–53. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. What The Heck Was This Smelly Pink Blob Floating In The Indian Ocean? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/heck-smelly-pink-blob-floating-indian-ocean/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: States’ Financial and Technical Support Varies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Nov. Report No.: HEHS-96-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yelkenci S. Algorithmic Music Composition Using Linear Algebra [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Soul Food With a Secret. New York Times. 2009 May 10;NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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