How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Abbott A. Space-station airlock to serve as temporary lab. Nature. 2000 May 4;405(6782):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Polyak VJ, Asmerom Y. Late Holocene climate and cultural changes in the southwestern United States. Science. 2001 Oct 5;294(5540):148–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bao H, Yu S, Tong DQ. Massive volcanic SO(2) oxidation and sulphate aerosol deposition in Cenozoic North America. Nature. 2010 Jun 17;465(7300):909–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Siok WT, Perfetti CA, Jin Z, Tan LH. Biological abnormality of impaired reading is constrained by culture. Nature. 2004 Sep 2;431(7004):71–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sóbester A, Forrester AIJ. Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Adesina AM, Tihan T, Fuller CE, Poussaint TY, editors. Atlas of Pediatric Brain Tumors. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. X, 400 p. 717 illus., 303 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rossiter JA, Pluymers B, De Moor B. The Potential of Interpolation for Simplifying Predictive Control and Application to LPV Systems. In: Findeisen R, Allgöwer F, Biegler LT, editors. Assessment and Future Directions of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 63–76. (Thoma M, Morari M, editors. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Why Do LSD Trips Last So Long? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/why-do-lsd-trips-last-so-long/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Third Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jan. Report No.: GAO-01-227.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pan Y. Long-Term Effects of Higher-Quality Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Children on Their Later Development and Resilience [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Federal Judges Take Steps To Improve Accountability. New York Times. 2006 Sep 20;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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