How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Siegel JM. Evolution. Suppression of sleep for mating. Science. 2012 Sep 28;337(6102):1610–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bolton CT, Stoll HM. Late Miocene threshold response of marine algae to carbon dioxide limitation. Nature. 2013 Aug 29;500(7464):558–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Elia AEH, Cantley LC, Yaffe MB. Proteomic screen finds pSer/pThr-binding domain localizing Plk1 to mitotic substrates. Science. 2003 Feb 21;299(5610):1228–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Willingham S, Outeiro TF, DeVit MJ, Lindquist SL, Muchowski PJ. Yeast genes that enhance the toxicity of a mutant huntingtin fragment or alpha-synuclein. Science. 2003 Dec 5;302(5651):1769–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Chibbaro S, Minier JP, editors. Stochastic Methods in Fluid Mechanics. 1st ed. Vienna: Springer; 2014. IX, 165 p. (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences; vol. 548).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lowder K. Fears. In: Fasching-Varner KJ, Eisworth HB, Mencer TH, Lindbom-Cho DR, Murray MC, Morton BC, editors. Student Teaching: A Journey in Narratives. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013. p. 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Earthworms Are More Important Than Pandas (If You Want To Save The Planet). IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Office of Education Contracts With Consultants, Experts, and Consulting Organizations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Aug. Report No.: MWD-76-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hester ET. Impact of geomorphic structures on hyporheic exchange, temperature, and ecological processes in streams [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J. Picking Fights, Dropping Names. New York Times. 2017 Mar 17;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
AbbreviationIndian J. Dermatol. Venereol. Leprol.
ISSN (print)0378-6323
ISSN (online)0973-3922
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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