How to format your references using the Biomicrofluidics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomicrofluidics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 K. Bourzac, Nature 527, S8 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
1 H. Wu and R.M. Siegel, Science 332, 427 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
1 M.A. Prieto, G. Brunetti, and K.-H. Mack, Science 298, 193 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 H.-K. Lin, Z. Chen, G. Wang, C. Nardella, S.-W. Lee, C.-H. Chan, W.-L. Yang, J. Wang, A. Egia, K.I. Nakayama, C. Cordon-Cardo, J. Teruya-Feldstein, and P.P. Pandolfi, Nature 464, 374 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 B.R. Martin, Nuclear and Particle Physics (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006).
An edited book
1 P.L. Mazzeo, P. Spagnolo, and T.B. Moeslund, editors , Activity Monitoring by Multiple Distributed Sensing: Second International Workshop, AMMDS 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1 S. Fukumoto, A. Yamada, T. Iwamoto, and T. Nakamura, in Interface Oral Health Science 2009, edited by T. Sasano and O. Suzuki (Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2010), pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomicrofluidics.

Blog post
1 A. Carpineti, IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office, DOE Loan Programs: DOE Has Made More Than $30 Billion in Loans and Guarantees and Needs to Fully Develop Its Loan Monitoring Function (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 E. Solorzano, A Mindfulness-Based Psycho-Educational Group for Caregivers of Older Adults: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 B. Rothenberg, New York Times D6 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomicrofluidics
ISSN (online)1932-1058
Molecular Biology
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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