How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brunini, Adrián. “Origin of the Obliquities of the Giant Planets in Mutual Interactions in the Early Solar System.” Nature 440, no. 7088 (April 27, 2006): 1163–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kroymann, Juergen, and Thomas Mitchell-Olds. “Epistasis and Balanced Polymorphism Influencing Complex Trait Variation.” Nature 435, no. 7038 (May 5, 2005): 95–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Alice E., David D. Ginty, and Chen-Ming Fan. “Protein Kinase A Signalling via CREB Controls Myogenesis Induced by Wnt Proteins.” Nature 433, no. 7023 (January 20, 2005): 317–22.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kanungo, Mandakini, Helen Lu, George G. Malliaras, and Graciela B. Blanchet. “Suppression of Metallic Conductivity of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Cycloaddition Reactions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323, no. 5911 (January 9, 2009): 234–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
Balandin, Sergey, Roman Dunaytsev, and Yevgeni Koucheryavy, eds. Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: Third Conference on Smart Spaces, RuSMART 2010, and 10th International Conference, NEW2AN 2010, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 23-25, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 6294. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Jiang-Ning, and Rong-Jun Ni. “Sagittal Sections of the Tree Shrew Brain.” In The Tree Shrew (Tupaia Belangeri Chinensis) Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates, edited by Ni Rong-Jun, 499–571. Singapore: Springer, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. “New Robotic Exosuit Dramatically Cuts The Amount Of Energy Needed To Walk.” IFLScience. IFLScience, January 19, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Recommendation for Improving Testing of EF-111A Tactical Jamming System.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 30, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Yuansheng. “Sliding Mode Observer Design for Permanent Magnetic Synchronous Generator Based Wind Energy Conversion Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. “Stevenson Also Seeking Maturity.” New York Times, August 30, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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