How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, Martin. “From Science in Art to the Art of Science.” Nature 434, no. 7031 (March 17, 2005): 308–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moellering, Raymond E., and Benjamin F. Cravatt. “Functional Lysine Modification by an Intrinsically Reactive Primary Glycolytic Metabolite.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341, no. 6145 (August 2, 2013): 549–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, Bei, R. Q. Zhang, and X. Q. Shi. “New Insight into the Spin-Conserving Excitation of the Negatively Charged Nitrogen-Vacancy Center in Diamond.” Scientific Reports 4 (June 3, 2014): 5144.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wood, R. D., M. Mitchell, J. Sgouros, and T. Lindahl. “Human DNA Repair Genes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291, no. 5507 (February 16, 2001): 1284–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenning, Alison, Adrian Smith, Alena Rochovská, and Dariusz Świa̧tek. Domesticating Neo-Liberalism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Valldorf, Jürgen, and Wolfgang Gessner, eds. Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2008. VDI-Buch. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Hauswirth, Manfred, Pascal Hitzler, and Mukesh Mohania. “ODBASE 2011 PC Co-Chairs’ Message.” In On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2011 Workshops: Confederated International Workshops and Posters: EI2N+NSF ICE, ICSP+INBAST, ISDE, ORM, OTMA, SWWS+MONET+SeDeS, and VADER 2011, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece, October 17-21, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Robert Meersman, Tharam Dillon, and Pilar Herrero, 26–26. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Four Things You Should Be Doing To Protect Yourself From Cyberattack.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 18, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Screening Partnership Program: TSA Has Improved Application Guidance and Monitoring of Screener Performance, and Continues to Improve Cost Comparison Methods.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 29, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, Sean Xiao. “Theoretical Models of Olfactory Discrimination in Drosophila.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. “For Some Major Leaguers, It’s Always Great to See ‘Friends.’” New York Times, September 18, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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