How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manchester, R. N. “Observational Properties of Pulsars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5670 (April 23, 2004): 542–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearse, A-M, and K. Swift. “Allograft Theory: Transmission of Devil Facial-Tumour Disease.” Nature 439, no. 7076 (February 2, 2006): 549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Curry, Ruth, Bob Dickson, and Igor Yashayaev. “A Change in the Freshwater Balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the Past Four Decades.” Nature 426, no. 6968 (December 18, 2003): 826–29.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mold, Matthew, Larissa Ouro-Gnao, Beata M. Wieckowski, and Christopher Exley. “Copper Prevents Amyloid-β(1-42) from Forming Amyloid Fibrils under near-Physiological Conditions in Vitro.” Scientific Reports 3 (February 13, 2013): 1256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarisky, Darren. Scriptural Interpretation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
Gerdt, Vladimir P., Wolfram Koepf, Werner M. Seiler, and Evgenii V. Vorozhtsov, eds. Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing: 17th International Workshop, CASC 2015, Aachen, Germany, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9301. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lenzenweger, Mark F. “Schizotypy: Reflections on the Bridge to Schizophrenia and Obstacles on the Road Ahead to Etiology and Pathogenesis.” In Handbook of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Volume I: Conceptual Issues and Neurobiological Advances, edited by Michael S. Ritsner, 127–41. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “I Fucking Love Science Teams Up With The Science Channel To Curate The Best Science Content On The Web.” IFLScience. IFLScience, February 9, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “TQM Implementation at NASA.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 14, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vianna, Margaret Huntingford. “An Exploration of the Factors That Influence Brazilian Students’ Fluency of English: A Case Study.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Olmsted, Sophia A. “CITY REPORTS.; A Record of Their Appearance and of Comments Upon Them.” New York Times, July 24, 1935.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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