How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. “German Greens Go Cold on Nuclear Fusion.” Nature 405, no. 6783 (May 11, 2000): 107.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blander, J. Magarian, and Ruslan Medzhitov. “Toll-Dependent Selection of Microbial Antigens for Presentation by Dendritic Cells.” Nature 440, no. 7085 (April 6, 2006): 808–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinothkumar, Kutti R., Jiapeng Zhu, and Judy Hirst. “Architecture of Mammalian Respiratory Complex I.” Nature 515, no. 7525 (November 6, 2014): 80–84.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nakajima, Masato, Keiko Imai, Hiroshi Ito, Taeko Nishiwaki, Yoriko Murayama, Hideo Iwasaki, Tokitaka Oyama, and Takao Kondo. “Reconstitution of Circadian Oscillation of Cyanobacterial KaiC Phosphorylation in Vitro.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308, no. 5720 (April 15, 2005): 414–15.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi, Frank J. Institutional Investment Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
Tomovic, Mileta, and Shaoping Wang, eds. Product Realization: A Comprehensive Approach. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Jun, Xing Liang, Cynthia Pope, and Zuofeng Li. “Physics: Low-Energy Brachytherapy Physics.” In Brachytherapy: An International Perspective, edited by Paolo Montemaggi, Mark Trombetta, and Luther W. Brady, 29–39. Medical Radiology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. “Adults Are Having Less Sex Now Than They Were Two Decades Ago.” IFLScience. IFLScience, March 9, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Budgetary and Fiscal Information Needs of the Congress.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 17, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert, Neal Anthony. “Cortile: World Building & the Traveler Archetype.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes, William. “Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87.” New York Times, August 24, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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