How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts, Bruce. “Editor’s Note.” Science (New York, N.Y.), May 27, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jetz, Walter, and Carsten Rahbek. “Geographic Range Size and Determinants of Avian Species Richness.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297, no. 5586 (August 30, 2002): 1548–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babu, M. Madan, Richard W. Kriwacki, and Rohit V. Pappu. “Structural Biology. Versatility from Protein Disorder.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337, no. 6101 (September 21, 2012): 1460–61.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Merckx, Thomas, Caroline Souffreau, Aurélien Kaiser, Lisa F. Baardsen, Thierry Backeljau, Dries Bonte, Kristien I. Brans, et al. “Body-Size Shifts in Aquatic and Terrestrial Urban Communities.” Nature 558, no. 7708 (June 2018): 113–16.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, Karen. TRIZ Für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
Kupfer, Klaus, ed. Electromagnetic Aquametry: Electromagnetic Wave Interaction with Water and Moist Substances. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Jinkun, and Xinhua Wang. “Dynamic Sliding Mode Control.” In Advanced Sliding Mode Control for Mechanical Systems: Design, Analysis and MATLAB Simulation, edited by Xinhua Wang, 111–16. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “The Rise Of Cognitive Enhancers Is A Mass Social Experiment.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 15, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Highway Trust Fund: All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes from 2005 to 2009.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 8, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mycroft, Damineh. “Minorities in Leadership and Financial Performance of Their Fortune 500 Companies.” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John, and Alan Blinder. “Houston Faces Urgent Task: Moving Mountains of Storm Debris.” New York Times, September 6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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