How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitney, Barbara. “Astronomy. Forming Massive Stars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323, no. 5915 (February 6, 2009): 719–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hetherington, Alistair M., and F. Ian Woodward. “The Role of Stomata in Sensing and Driving Environmental Change.” Nature 424, no. 6951 (August 21, 2003): 901–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andersson, J. O., W. F. Doolittle, and C. L. Nesbø. “Genomics. Are There Bugs in Our Genome?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, no. 5523 (June 8, 2001): 1848–50.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Munteanu, Andreea, James Cotterell, Ricard V. Solé, and James Sharpe. “Design Principles of Stripe-Forming Motifs: The Role of Positive Feedback.” Scientific Reports 4 (May 16, 2014): 5003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Featherstone, Heidi, and Elaine Holt. Small Animal Ophthalmology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
Gasiński, Leszek. Exercises in Analysis: Part 2: Nonlinear Analysis. Edited by Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou. Problem Books in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bulling, Nils, Sujata Ghosh, and Rineke Verbrugge. “Reaching Your Goals without Spilling the Beans: Boolean Secrecy Games.” In PRIMA 2013: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 16th International Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand, December 1-6, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Guido Boella, Edith Elkind, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Frank Dignum, and Martin K. Purvis, 37–53. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. “Astronauts Might Eat These Space Food Bars On A Future Mission To The Moon.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 28, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Student Financial Aid: Monitoring Aid Greater Than Federally Defined Need Could Help Address Student Loan Indebtedness.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 30, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, Kenneth L. “Perceived and Preferred Organizational Culture on Behavior Intentions in the Hospitality Industry.” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. “U.S. Player Cleared in Meldonium Inquiry.” New York Times, September 20, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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