How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Speech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Speech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver, Andrew J. “Climate Change. Toward the Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332, no. 6031 (May 13, 2011): 795–96.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, Chandrashekhar, and Ruslan Medzhitov. “Toll Pathway-Dependent Blockade of CD4+CD25+ T Cell-Mediated Suppression by Dendritic Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5609 (February 14, 2003): 1033–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leitch, Duncan B., Diana K. Sarko, and Kenneth C. Catania. “Brain Mass and Cranial Nerve Size in Shrews and Moles.” Scientific Reports 4 (September 1, 2014): 6241.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Conrad, Donald F., Dalila Pinto, Richard Redon, Lars Feuk, Omer Gokcumen, Yujun Zhang, Jan Aerts, et al. “Origins and Functional Impact of Copy Number Variation in the Human Genome.” Nature 464, no. 7289 (April 1, 2010): 704–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stacey, Weston M. Fusion Plasma Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
Lingeman, Jesse M. Network Inference in Molecular Biology: A Hands-on Framework. Edited by Dennis Shasha. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Geller, M. R., E. J. Pritchett, A. T. Sornborger, and F. K. Wilhelm. “Quantum Computing with Superconductors I: Architectures.” In Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems, edited by Michael E. Flatté and I. Ţifrea, 171–94. NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Speech.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. “Dark Net Dealers Are Using US Postal Service To Smuggle Drugs.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 2, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 30, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khojandi, Niloufar. “Investigating Secondary Infections and Their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. “Whistling a Happy Tune in a Perverse Universe.” New York Times, February 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Speech
AbbreviationQ. J. Speech
ISSN (print)0033-5630
ISSN (online)1479-5779
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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