How to format your references using the Journal of Heritage Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heritage Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinney, J. C. (2012). Astronomy. Probing black hole gravity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6097), 916–917.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luk, Y.-Y., & Abbott, N. L. (2003). Surface-driven switching of liquid crystals using redox-active groups on electrodes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5633), 623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldon, D. F., Maher, M. A., & Timmerman, B. E. (2010). Graduate education. Performance-based data in the study of STEM Ph.D. education. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5989), 282–283.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yu, Y., Li, C., Liu, Y., Su, L., Zhang, Y., & Cao, L. (2013). Controlled scalable synthesis of uniform, high-quality monolayer and few-layer MoS2 films. Scientific Reports, 3, 1866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Martini, D. (2013). Success Probability Estimation with Applications to Clinical Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ladewig, B. (2012). Desalination Concentrate Management (B. Asquith, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
He, H., & Singh, A. K. (2010). Query Language and Access Methods for Graph Databases. In C. C. Aggarwal & H. Wang (Eds.), Managing and Mining Graph Data (pp. 125–160). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 14). Could Brain Scans and AI Reveal The Mindset Of A Suspected Criminal? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Teacher Preparation Programs: Survey of State Entities that Oversee Teacher Preparation Programs (GAO-15-599SP, July 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-15-598 (GAO-15-599SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huffman, K. D. (2009). Teacher and administrator perceptions of a balanced school calendar and its effects on students in poverty [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff, B. (2016, August 19). An Online Record Shop for the Faster, Punker Set. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKinney, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Luk & Abbott, 2003; McKinney, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luk & Abbott, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Feldon et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heritage Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Heritage Tour.
ISSN (print)1743-873X
ISSN (online)1747-6631
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles