How to format your references using the Journal of Heritage Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heritage Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonhardt, U. (2011). To invisibility and beyond. Nature, 471(7338), 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boles, L. C., & Lohmann, K. J. (2003). True navigation and magnetic maps in spiny lobsters. Nature, 421(6918), 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nandy, D., Muñoz-Jaramillo, A., & Martens, P. C. H. (2011). The unusual minimum of sunspot cycle 23 caused by meridional plasma flow variations. Nature, 471(7336), 80–82.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ruiz-Pérez, N. J., Arriaga-Alba, M., Sánchez-Navarrete, J., Camacho-Carranza, R., Hernández-Ojeda, S., & Espinosa-Aguirre, J. J. (2014). Mutagenic and antimutagenic effects of Heterotheca inuloides. Scientific Reports, 4, 6743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, C. T., Hwang, Y. M., Lin, L., & Chen, Y.-C. (2014). Design and Fabrication of Self-Powered Micro-Harvesters. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Richards, J. (Ed.). (2010). Mining, Society, and a Sustainable World (first). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaillard, G., Barthel, D., Theoleyre, F., & Valois, F. (2016). Kausa: KPI-aware Scheduling Algorithm for Multi-flow in Multi-hop IoT Networks. In N. Mitton, V. Loscri, & A. Mouradian (Eds.), Ad-hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 15th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2016, Lille, France, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 47–61). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 2). China Successfully Completes Mission To The Moon And Back. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition (GAO-05-258T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taaz, Z. (2017). Boiler automation and monitoring of temperature and steam flow using Simulink [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, July 9). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Reporter Stabbed. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leonhardt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Boles & Lohmann, 2003; Leonhardt, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boles & Lohmann, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Nandy et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ruiz-Pérez et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heritage Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Heritage Tour.
ISSN (print)1743-873X
ISSN (online)1747-6631
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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