How to format your references using the Journal of Heritage Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heritage Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckholtz, N. S. (2011). Perspective: in search of biomarkers. Nature, 475(7355), S8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohatgi, R., & Scott, M. P. (2008). Cell biology. Arrestin’ movement in cilia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5884), 1726–1727.
A journal article with 3 authors
Srisonphan, S., Kim, M., & Kim, H. K. (2014). Space charge neutralization by electron-transparent suspended graphene. Scientific Reports, 4, 3764.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tanaka, H., Arakawa, H., Yamaguchi, T., Shiraishi, K., Fukuda, S., Matsui, K., Takei, Y., & Nakamura, Y. (2000). A ribonucleotide reductase gene involved in a p53-dependent cell-cycle checkpoint for DNA damage. Nature, 404(6773), 42–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S. G. (2011). Advanced Wireless Communications & Internet. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zeng, Q.-A. (Ed.). (2016). Wireless Communications, Networking and Applications: Proceedings of WCNA 2014 (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 348). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, X. C., Zhang, C., Ma, X., & Luo, L. (2015). Future Perspectives. In C. Zhang, X. Ma, & L. Luo (Eds.), Water Cycle Management: A New Paradigm of Wastewater Reuse and Safety Control (pp. 95–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 6). Scientists Discover Brain Circuit That Helps To Displace Bad Memories. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Financial Outlook Is Positive, but the Trust Fund’s Balance Would Be Affected If Taxes Were Suspended (GAO-03-979). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conlin, L. D. (2012). Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, September 6). Kuwaiti Sheik’s Influence in Olympic World Grows. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckholtz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Buckholtz, 2011; Rohatgi & Scott, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohatgi & Scott, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Srisonphan et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tanaka et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heritage Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Heritage Tour.
ISSN (print)1743-873X
ISSN (online)1747-6631
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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