How to format your references using the Journal of Heritage Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heritage Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jensen, G. J. (2009). Cell biology. Protein filaments caught in the act. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5913), 472–473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, S. A., & Haselkorn, R. (2012). Paul Mead Doty (1920-2011). Nature, 481(7381), 266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldberg, P., Berna, F., & Macphail, R. I. (2009). Comment on “DNA from pre-Clovis human coprolites in Oregon, North America.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5937), 148; author reply 148.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, X., Yang, Z.-Y., Li, Y., Hogerkorp, C.-M., Schief, W. R., Seaman, M. S., Zhou, T., Schmidt, S. D., Wu, L., Xu, L., Longo, N. S., McKee, K., O’Dell, S., Louder, M. K., Wycuff, D. L., Feng, Y., Nason, M., Doria-Rose, N., Connors, M., … Mascola, J. R. (2010). Rational design of envelope identifies broadly neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies to HIV-1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 856–861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, M. A., & Froum, S. J. (2012). The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Schättler, H. (2015). Optimal Control for Mathematical Models of Cancer Therapies: An Application of Geometric Methods (U. Ledzewicz, Ed.; 1st ed. 2015, Vol. 42). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya, A., & Vijaylaxmi. (2010). Physiological Responses of Grain Legumes to Stress Environments. In S. S. Yadav & R. Redden (Eds.), Climate Change and Management of Cool Season Grain Legume Crops (pp. 35–86). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 12). The Maths Behind “Impossible’ Never-Repeating Patterns. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction (HRD-78-170). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rendleman, A. J. (2017). Energetics of Physiological Plasticity during Larval Development of the Sand Dollar, Dendraster Excentricus [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, March 10). When Japan Had a Third Gender. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jensen, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jensen, 2009; Rice & Haselkorn, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice & Haselkorn, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Goldberg et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heritage Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Heritage Tour.
ISSN (print)1743-873X
ISSN (online)1747-6631
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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