How to format your references using the Journal of Heritage Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heritage Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. (2000). AIDS MEETING: South African Leader Declines to Join the Chorus on HIV and AIDS. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5477), 222a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, C., & Chang, E. T. Y. (2014). Geophysics. Seafloor secrets revealed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Lee, C.-T. A., & Yin, Q.-Z. (2014). Missing lead and high 3He/4He in ancient sulfides associated with continental crust formation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5314.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Whitfield, C. W., Behura, S. K., Berlocher, S. H., Clark, A. G., Johnston, J. S., Sheppard, W. S., … Tsutsui, N. D. (2006). Thrice out of Africa: ancient and recent expansions of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 642–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer-Moore, D., & Moore, M. (2012). Destructive Myths in Family Therapy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Shmaliy, Y. (Ed.). (2007). Continuous-Time Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Uppoor, R. S., Vaidyanathan, J., Mehta, M., & Yu, L. X. (2014). Biowaiver and Biopharmaceutics Classification System. In L. X. Yu & B. V. Li (Eds.), FDA Bioequivalence Standards (pp. 119–137). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 14). The Stars Of The Omega Nebula Lack Companions. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs (No. B-161939). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, T. (2010). Understanding gold nanoisland formation using transport measurement (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, May 7). Sinclair Said to Be Near Deal for Tribune Media. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2015; Harte, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hwang & Chang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Huang, Lee, & Yin, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vassylyev et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heritage Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Heritage Tour.
ISSN (print)1743-873X
ISSN (online)1747-6631
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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