How to format your references using the Journal of Heritage Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Heritage Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mishra, J. (2014). Having it all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, F., & Zhang, X. (2013). The Wnt signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of phagocytosis of virus in Drosophila. Scientific Reports, 3, 2069.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, C. E., Llorente, B., & Symington, L. S. (2007). Template switching during break-induced replication. Nature, 447(7140), 102–105.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Panowski, S. H., Wolff, S., Aguilaniu, H., Durieux, J., & Dillin, A. (2007). PHA-4/Foxa mediates diet-restriction-induced longevity of C. elegans. Nature, 447(7144), 550–555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroupa, V. F. (2005). Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chen, C. (2014). Wireless Sensor Networks: Distributed Consensus Estimation. (S. Zhu, X. Guan, & X. (sherman) Shen, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Coetzee, L. (2016). Global Tools Enhance Local Exchange through Community Currency in an Alternate Economy. In B. Dey, K. Sorour, & R. Filieri (Eds.), ICTs in Developing Countries: Research, Practices and Policy Implications (pp. 75–96). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 8). Sex Differences In Chimp Tool Use Switch Later In Life. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Drug Testing: Management Problems and Legal Challenges Facing DOT’s Industry Programs (No. RCED-90-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott, D. (2010). Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, March 16). Sophisticated Takeout. New York Times, p. NJ16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mishra, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mishra, 2014; Zhu & Zhang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu & Zhang, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Llorente, & Symington, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Panowski, Wolff, Aguilaniu, Durieux, & Dillin, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Heritage Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Heritage Tour.
ISSN (print)1743-873X
ISSN (online)1747-6631
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles