How to format your references using the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raven K (2013) How sexual harassment changed the way I work. Nature 504:9
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccenna C, Becker TW (2010) Shaping mobile belts by small-scale convection. Nature 465:602–605
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravanis AM, Pyle JL, Tsien RW (2003) Single synaptic vesicles fusing transiently and successively without loss of identity. Nature 423:643–647
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ogawa N, Hoshisashi K, Sekiguchi H, et al (2013) Tracking 3D picometer-scale motions of single nanoparticles with high-energy electron probes. Sci Rep 3:2201

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aasma A, Dutta H, Natarajan PN (2017) An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rocha A, Correia AM, Costanzo S, Reis LP (eds) (2015) New Contributions in Information Systems and Technologies: Volume 1, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Calvo HL, Pastawski HM, Jalabert RA (2009) Time-Reversal Mirrors In Chaotic Cavities. In: Casati G, Matrasulov D (eds) Complex Phenomena in Nanoscale Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 37–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Study Suggests Badgers Do Not Spread TB To Cattle Directly. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Air Traffic Control: Continuing Delays Anticipated for the Advanced Automation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Samble JN (2017) Persistence and Advancement in NCAA Division I: Lived Experiences of Female Athletic Administrators. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L (2009) Low-Upkeep Gardens, but Not Dirt Cheap. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Raven 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Faccenna and Becker 2010; Raven 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Faccenna and Becker 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
AbbreviationBiomech. Model. Mechanobiol.
ISSN (print)1617-7959
ISSN (online)1617-7940
Mechanical Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles