How to format your references using the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl R (2002) A clash of two cultures. Nature 419:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Körner C, Basler D (2010) Plant science. Phenology under global warming. Science 327:1461–1462
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee LH, Yang H, Bigras G (2014) Current breast cancer proliferative markers correlate variably based on decoupled duration of cell cycle phases. Sci Rep 4:5122
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Smith PA, Koehler MFT, Girgis HS, et al (2018) Optimized arylomycins are a new class of Gram-negative antibiotics. Nature 561:189–194

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thompson AK (2014) Fruit and Vegetables. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Williams CG (ed) (2006) Landscapes, Genomics and Transgenic Conifers. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lo C-F (2014) The Soft Codification of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial. In: Wang W-Y (ed) Codification in International Perspective: Selected Papers from the 2nd IACL Thematic Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why Do Humans Love Food So Much? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Managed Care Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dulick KC (2010) Self-neglect among the elderly: Knowledge and perceptions of MSW students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burton S (2016) Woman Vs. Machine. New York Times MM32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Triendl 2002; Körner and Basler 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Körner and Basler 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
AbbreviationBiomech. Model. Mechanobiol.
ISSN (print)1617-7959
ISSN (online)1617-7940
Mechanical Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles