How to format your references using the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen JF (2003) Botany. State transitions--a question of balance. Science 299:1530–1532
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuncel NR, Hezlett SA (2007) Assessment. Standardized tests predict graduate students’ success. Science 315:1080–1081
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller K, Faeh C, Diederich F (2007) Fluorine in pharmaceuticals: looking beyond intuition. Science 317:1881–1886
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Alvarez B, Martínez-A C, Burgering BM, Carrera AC (2001) Forkhead transcription factors contribute to execution of the mitotic programme in mammals. Nature 413:744–747

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peter M, Scheer C (2015) Holzbau-Taschenbuch. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Shepard R, Pitzer RM, Dunning T (eds) (2016) Isaiah Shavitt: A Memorial Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Verbelen C, Andre G, Haulot X, et al (2008) Towards a Nanoscale View of Microbial Surfaces Using the Atomic Force Microscope. In: Tomitori M, Bhushan B, Fuchs H (eds) Applied Scanning Probe Methods IX: Characterization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 111–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Three New Species Of “Dwarf Dragons” Discovered In South America. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Public Transit: Updated Guidance and Expanded Federal Authority Could Facilitate Bus Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wisdom V (2015) Reverie: A portal to the numinous—an exploration into early childhood psychospiritual awareness. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Excuses, Excuses and Style Points for Alibis. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Allen 2003; Kuncel and Hezlett 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuncel and Hezlett 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Alvarez et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
AbbreviationBiomech. Model. Mechanobiol.
ISSN (print)1617-7959
ISSN (online)1617-7940
Mechanical Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles