How to format your references using the Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty M (2008) The size, scale, and shape of cities. Science 319:769–771
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmiedmayer J, Berges J (2013) Physics. Cold atom cosmology. Science 341:1188–1189
A journal article with 3 authors
Moses MJ, Fettinger JC, Eichhorn BW (2003) Interpenetrating As20 fullerene and Ni12 icosahedra in the onion-skin [As@Ni12@As20]3- ion. Science 300:778–780
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Poliakoff M, Fitzpatrick JM, Farren TR, Anastas PT (2002) Green chemistry: science and politics of change. Science 297:807–810

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright D (2016) Using Commercial Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Fang Y (2008) Fuzzy Portfolio Optimization: Theory and Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Seitz HK, Mueller S (2015) Alcohol and Cancer: An Overview with Special Emphasis on the Role of Acetaldehyde and Cytochrome P450 2E1. In: Vasiliou V, Zakhari S, Seitz HK, Hoek JB (eds) Biological Basis of Alcohol-Induced Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Russia Plans To Cull 100,000 Reindeer To Prevent Spread Of “Zombie” Anthrax. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Research and Development Programs With Regard to Short-Term Weather Phenomena. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Surges G (2015) Generative Audio Systems: Musical Applications of Time-Varying Feedback Networks and Computational Aesthetics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2017) What the Old House Hid. New York Times RE1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Batty 2008; Schmiedmayer and Berges 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmiedmayer and Berges 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Poliakoff et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
AbbreviationBiomech. Model. Mechanobiol.
ISSN (print)1617-7959
ISSN (online)1617-7940
Mechanical Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles