How to format your references using the Biomaterials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomaterials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Angell CA. Insights into phases of liquid water from study of its unusual glass-forming properties. Science. 2008;319:582–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Parkes DC, Wellman MP. Economic reasoning and artificial intelligence. Science. 2015;349:267–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Park GD, Ko YN, Kang YC. Electrochemical properties of cobalt hydroxychloride microspheres as a new anode material for Li-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5785.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhou H, Wertz I, O’Rourke K, Ultsch M, Seshagiri S, Eby M, et al. Bcl10 activates the NF-kappaB pathway through ubiquitination of NEMO. Nature. 2004;427:167–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grous A. Applied Metrology for Manufacturing Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
1. Montijano E. Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems. Sagüés C, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Martella C, Shaposhnik R, Logothetis D. Giraph Algorithmic Building Blocks. In: Shaposhnik R, Logothetis D, editors. Practical Graph Analytics with Apache Giraph. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015. p. 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomaterials Research.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Male Spider Mutilates Females’ Genitalia To Prevent Her From Mating Ever Again [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/male-spider-mutilates-females-genitalia-prevent-her-mating-ever-again/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Selected Literature on Cost Accounting and Cost Control for Automatic Data Processing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jan. Report No.: 092323.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fleming TC. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Nassau Has $100 Million for Open Space. New York Times. 2007 Jan 28;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomaterials Research
AbbreviationBiomater. Res.
ISSN (online)2055-7124
Scope

Other styles