How to format your references using the Group Decision and Negotiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Decision and Negotiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang MD (2008) A biophysicist marvels at the idea of grabbing microscopic particles with light by tweaking its phase. Nature 454:921
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson MEV, Hansson GC (2011) Microbiology. Keeping bacteria at a distance. Science 334:182–183
A journal article with 3 authors
Redhu SK, Castronovo M, Nicholson AW (2013) Digital imprinting of RNA recognition and processing on a self-assembled nucleic acid matrix. Sci Rep 3:2550
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Molegraaf HJA, Presura C, van Der Marel D, et al (2002) Superconductivity-induced transfer of in-plane spectral weight in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Science 295:2239–2241

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leibowitz ML, Bova A, Hammond PB (2010) The Endowment Model of Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bersini H, Carneiro J (eds) (2006) Artificial Immune Systems: 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Seredynski M, Ignac T, Bouvry P (2010) Probabilistic Packet Relaying in Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. In: Wyrzykowski R, Dongarra J, Karczewski K, Wasniewski J (eds) Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics: 8th International Conference, PPAM 2009, Wroclaw, Poland, September 13-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Decision and Negotiation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Blocking Inflammation For Too Long Could Be Bad For Your Heart. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Biological Research: Observations on DHS’s Analyses Concerning Whether FMD Research Can Be Done as Safely on the Mainland as on Plum Island. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desam JR (2017) Effective Nodal Placement in Overlay Networks Using Complexity Theory. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) A Yoga Manifesto. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Wang 2008; Johansson and Hansson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Hansson 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Molegraaf et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Decision and Negotiation
AbbreviationGroup Decis. Negot.
ISSN (print)0926-2644
ISSN (online)1572-9907
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Decision Sciences
General Social Sciences

Other styles