How to format your references using the Group Decision and Negotiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Decision and Negotiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hollingsworth MD (2009) Chemistry. Calcite biocomposites up close. Science 326:1194–1195
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee J-H, Paull TT (2005) ATM activation by DNA double-strand breaks through the Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 complex. Science 308:551–554
A journal article with 3 authors
Forde SE, Thompson JN, Bohannan BJM (2004) Adaptation varies through space and time in a coevolving host-parasitoid interaction. Nature 431:841–844
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ejlerskov KT, Jensen SM, Christensen LB, et al (2014) Prediction of fat-free body mass from bioelectrical impedance and anthropometry among 3-year-old children using DXA. Sci Rep 4:3889

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kario K (2015) Essential Manual of 24 Hour Blood Pressure Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Gandhi A, Malhotra N, Malhotra J, et al (eds) (2016) Principles of Critical Care in Obstetrics: Volume I, 1st ed. 2016. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Manoury E, Poli R (2011) Phosphine-Containing Planar Chiral Ferrocenes: Synthesis, Coordination Chemistry and Applications to Asymmetric Catalysis. In: Peruzzini M, Gonsalvi L (eds) Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 121–149

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Decision and Negotiation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Kangaroo Punches Drone Out Of The Air. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) FAA Staffing: Better Strategy Needed to Ensure Facilities Are Properly Staffed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Alawadhi F (2014) Oral History of Women Educators in Kuwait: A Comparative Model of Care Ethics Between Noddings and Al-Ghazali. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coscarelli J, Ryzik M, Sisario B (2017) Anger, Lawsuits and Inquiry Follow Music Festival’s Failure. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hollingsworth 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Paull 2005; Hollingsworth 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Paull 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ejlerskov et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Decision and Negotiation
AbbreviationGroup Decis. Negot.
ISSN (print)0926-2644
ISSN (online)1572-9907
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Decision Sciences
General Social Sciences

Other styles