How to format your references using the Group Decision and Negotiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Decision and Negotiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buzsáki G (2007) The structure of consciousness. Nature 446:267
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro M, Gull K (2001) A pol I transcriptional body associated with VSG mono-allelic expression in Trypanosoma brucei. Nature 414:759–763
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell A, Wei P, Lim WA (2015) Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles’ heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network. Science 350:1379–1383
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Su Q, Pan H, Liu B, et al (2013) Insect symbiont facilitates vector acquisition, retention, and transmission of plant virus. Sci Rep 3:1367

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith V (2012) Toni Morrison. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schomburg D, Schomburg I (eds) (2006) Springer Handbook of Enzymes: Class 1 · Oxidoreductases X EC 1.9–1.13, Second Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Nicosevici T, Garcia R (2013) Online 3D Model Simplification. In: Garcia R (ed) Efficient 3D Scene Modeling and Mosaicing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 127–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Decision and Negotiation.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) This Disturbing Video Shows How Solid Earth Can Behave Like A Liquid During An Earthquake. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Early Childhood Education: Information on Costs and Services at High-Quality Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford A (2015) Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wertheimer LK (2016) The Middle East Conflict on Campus. New York Times ED10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buzsáki 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Navarro and Gull 2001; Buzsáki 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Navarro and Gull 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Decision and Negotiation
AbbreviationGroup Decis. Negot.
ISSN (print)0926-2644
ISSN (online)1572-9907
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Decision Sciences
General Social Sciences

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