How to format your references using the Group Decision and Negotiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Decision and Negotiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Lessons in career planning. Nature 418:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Bland-Hawthorn J, Peebles PJE (2006) Astronomy. Near-field cosmology. Science 313:311–312
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso D, Copic J, Bossaerts P (2009) Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323:1335–1339
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bieling P, Laan L, Schek H, et al (2007) Reconstitution of a microtubule plus-end tracking system in vitro. Nature 450:1100–1105

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinçer İ, Zamfirescu C (2015) Drying Phenomena. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Page R, Horváth Z, Zsók V (eds) (2011) Trends in Functional Programming: 11th International Symposium, TFP 2010, Norman, OK, USA, May 17-19, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
He R, Li S, Lei Z, Liao S (2007) Coarse-to-Fine Statistical Shape Model by Bayesian Inference. In: Yagi Y, Kang SB, Kweon IS, Zha H (eds) Computer Vision – ACCV 2007: 8th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Tokyo, Japan, November 18-22, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 54–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Decision and Negotiation.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Climate Change Prevention Info Is Disappearing From The EPA’s Website. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pence PL (2010) Emotional intelligence, motivation, and retention among undergraduate students attending associate-degree nursing programs in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) Learning About His Subjects, and Himself. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Bland-Hawthorn and Peebles 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bland-Hawthorn and Peebles 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bieling et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Decision and Negotiation
AbbreviationGroup Decis. Negot.
ISSN (print)0926-2644
ISSN (online)1572-9907
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Decision Sciences
General Social Sciences

Other styles