How to format your references using the Group Decision and Negotiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Decision and Negotiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brydson R (2014) Materials analysis: Good vibrations. Nature 514:177–178
A journal article with 2 authors
Steltzer H, Post E (2009) Ecology. Seasons and life cycles. Science 324:886–887
A journal article with 3 authors
Daigaku Y, Davies AA, Ulrich HD (2010) Ubiquitin-dependent DNA damage bypass is separable from genome replication. Nature 465:951–955
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bleul CC, Corbeaux T, Reuter A, et al (2006) Formation of a functional thymus initiated by a postnatal epithelial progenitor cell. Nature 441:992–996

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer PD (2005) Mathematical Journeys. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ailamaki A, Bowers S (eds) (2012) Scientific and Statistical Database Management: 24th International Conference, SSDBM 2012, Chania, Crete, Greece, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Erzin AI, Plotnikov RV (2011) Wireless Sensor Network’s Lifetime Maximization Problem in Case of Given Set of Covers. In: Murgante B, Gervasi O, Iglesias A, et al. (eds) Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011: International Conference, Santander, Spain, June 20-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part V. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 44–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Decision and Negotiation.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Sony Is Trying To Patent A Contact Lens That Can Record And Play Video At The Blink Of An Eye. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Puerto Rico: Characteristics of the Island’s Maritime Trade and Potential Effects of Modifying the Jones Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani S (2017) Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B (2016) This Lender Isn’t Fazed by U.S. Rule. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brydson 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Steltzer and Post 2009; Brydson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steltzer and Post 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Bleul et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Decision and Negotiation
AbbreviationGroup Decis. Negot.
ISSN (print)0926-2644
ISSN (online)1572-9907
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
General Decision Sciences
General Social Sciences

Other styles