How to format your references using the European Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madden JD (2006) Materials science. Artificial muscle begins to breathe. Science 311:1559–1560
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahadevan L, Rica S (2005) Self-organized origami. Science 307:1740
A journal article with 3 authors
Greiner M, Regal CA, Jin DS (2003) Emergence of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas. Nature 426:537–540
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Costescu RM, Cahill DG, Fabreguette FH, et al (2004) Ultra-low thermal conductivity in W/Al2O3 nanolaminates. Science 303:989–990

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L (2010) Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Barafort B, O’Connor RV, Poth A, Messnarz R (2014) Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 21st European Conference, EuroSPI 2014, Luxembourg, June 25-27, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Borwein P, Choi S, Rooney B, Weirathmueller A (2008) Equivalent Statements. In: Borwein P, Choi S, Rooney B, Weirathmueller A (eds) The Riemann Hypothesis: A Resource for the Afficionado and Virtuoso Alike. Springer, New York, NY, pp 45–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Sailors Find Millions Of Dollars Worth Of “Sperm Whale Puke.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Aviation Runway and Ramp Safety: Sustained Efforts to Address Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges Needed to Reduce Accidents and Incidents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucky-Medford L (2010) A gendered approach to synaesthesia using the poetry of John Keats and Emily Dickinson. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2016) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0340-6199
ISSN (online)1432-1076
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles