How to format your references using the European Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benson O (2011) Assembly of hybrid photonic architectures from nanophotonic constituents. Nature 480:193–199
A journal article with 2 authors
Chilingarian I, Zolotukhin I (2015) Galaxy evolution. Isolated compact elliptical galaxies: stellar systems that ran away. Science 348:418–421
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylinskii A, Gangloff D, Vuletić V (2015) Friction. Tuning friction atom-by-atom in an ion-crystal simulator. Science 348:1115–1118
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hosseini M, Sparkes BM, Hétet G, et al (2009) Coherent optical pulse sequencer for quantum applications. Nature 461:241–245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2014) Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Riviello MT (2016) On the Perception of Dynamic Emotional Expressions: A Cross-cultural Comparison. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
de Freitas CR, Perry M (2012) Principles and Indicators. In: Perry M (ed) New Environmentalism: Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 105–132

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) People Near Fracking Wells Show Higher Hospitalization Rates. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Railroad Safety: Continued Emphasis Needed for an Effective Track Safety Inspection Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maranhao B (2015) Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Robinson L (2017) The Beginning of the End. New York Times BR11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0340-6199
ISSN (online)1432-1076
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles