How to format your references using the European Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kyriacou CP (2009) Physiology. Unraveling traveling. Science 325:1629–1630
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pomerantz RT, O’Donnell M (2008) The replisome uses mRNA as a primer after colliding with RNA polymerase. Nature 456:762–766
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Komarneni S, Kozai N, Paulus WJ (2001) Environment. Superselective clay for radium uptake. Nature 410:771
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Donati J-F, Forveille T, Cameron AC, et al (2006) The large-scale axisymmetric magnetic topology of a very-low-mass fully convective star. Science 311:633–635

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ruppel W (2015) Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Garay JA, Prisco RD (2010) Security and Cryptography for Networks: 7th International Conference, SCN 2010, Amalfi, Italy, September 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lefebvre C, Lim WK, Basso K, et al (2007) A Context-Specific Network of Protein-DNA and Protein-Protein Interactions Reveals New Regulatory Motifs in Human B Cells. In: Ideker T, Bafna V (eds) Systems Biology and Computational Proteomics: Joint RECOMB 2006 Satellite Workshops on Systems Biology and on Computational Proteomics, San Diego, CA, USA, December 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 42–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Big Friendly Giant Stars Are Just As Capable Of Hosting Life. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/friendly-giant-stars-just-capable-hosting-life/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Challenges Still Facing the U.S. Postal Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vespa MC (2013) System Identification and Compensation Using a Surface-Bristle Deflection Model. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2014) Senate Report Says Caterpillar Used Swiss Subsidiary to Reduce Taxes. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0340-6199
ISSN (online)1432-1076
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles