How to format your references using the European Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Knoepfler P (2009) Journal club. A cell biologist looks at the risk and promise of a new insight into stem cells and cancer. Nature 457:361
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Griffith LG, Naughton G (2002) Tissue engineering--current challenges and expanding opportunities. Science 295:1009–1014
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nandal P, Ravella SR, Kuhad RC (2013) Laccase production by Coriolopsis caperata RCK2011: optimization under solid state fermentation by Taguchi DOE methodology. Sci Rep 3:1386
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liao T, Sun Z, Sun C, et al (2014) Electronic coupling and catalytic effect on H2 evolution of MoS2/graphene nanocatalyst. Sci Rep 4:6256

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Biswas S, Ray P, Chakrabarti BK (2015) Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Scheidenberger C, Pfützner M (2014) The Euroschool on Exotic Beams, Vol. IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pronzato L, Pázman A (2013) Local Optimality Criteria Based on Asymptotic Normality. In: Pázman A (ed) Design of Experiments in Nonlinear Models: Asymptotic Normality, Optimality Criteria and Small-Sample Properties. Springer, New York, NY, pp 105–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Scientists Create Yeast That Produces THC. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/research-create-yeast-produce-thc/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Managing for Results: Observations on NASA’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Djajalaksana YM (2011) A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M (2011) New Nets Announcer Shows Flair and Hair. New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0340-6199
ISSN (online)1432-1076
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles