How to format your references using the European Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pediatrics (Eur J Pediatr). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gibbons A (2015) Archaeology. Humans may have reached Chile by 18,500 years ago. Science 350:898
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kimmins S, Sassone-Corsi P (2005) Chromatin remodelling and epigenetic features of germ cells. Nature 434:583–589
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zilberman D, Cao X, Jacobsen SE (2003) ARGONAUTE4 control of locus-specific siRNA accumulation and DNA and histone methylation. Science 299:716–719
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Rebeiz M, Pool JE, Kassner VA, et al (2009) Stepwise modification of a modular enhancer underlies adaptation in a Drosophila population. Science 326:1663–1667

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Glisic S (2005) Advanced Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Cao B-Y (2007) Fuzzy Information and Engineering: Proceedings of the Second International Conference of Fuzzy Information and Engineering (ICFIE). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sebastiani R, Corsaro D, Montagnini F, Tzannis A (2015) Sustainability in the Supply Chain: The Retailers’ Perspective. In: Campbell CL (ed) Marketing in Transition: Scarcity, Globalism, & Sustainability: Proceedings of the 2009 World Marketing Congress. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 8–12

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Newly Discovered Layer In Earth’s Mantle Can Affect Surface Dwellers Too. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/newly-discovered-layer-earth-s-mantle-can-affect-surface-dwellers-too/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1981) President’s Eighth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1981. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chin S-H (2009) A performer’s guide to Howard Hanson’s “Four Poems (Poèmes érotiques)”, Opus 9. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Ryerson J (2017) Being and Gnarliness. New York Times BR16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationEur. J. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0340-6199
ISSN (online)1432-1076
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles