How to format your references using the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2009). Budget instructions. Nature, 461(7260), 25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richmond, B. G., & Jungers, W. L. (2008). Orrorin tugenensis femoral morphology and the evolution of hominin bipedalism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1662–1665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mottram, D. S., Wedzicha, B. L., & Dodson, A. T. (2002). Acrylamide is formed in the Maillard reaction. Nature, 419(6906), 448–449.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Currat, M., Excoffier, L., Maddison, W., Otto, S. P., Ray, N., Whitlock, M. C., & Yeaman, S. (2006). Comment on “Ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM, a brain size determinant in Homo sapiens” and “Microcephalin, a gene regulating brain size, continues to evolve adaptively in humans.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5784), 172; author reply 172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schoukens, J., Pintelon, R., & Rolain, Y. (2012). Mastering System Identification in 100 Exercises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mach-Król, M., & Pełech-Pilichowski, T. (Eds.). (2014). Advances in Business ICT (Vol. 257). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Moshammer, H., Hutter, H.-P., & Schmidt, L. (2005). Psychological and Social Aspects of “Transport and Health.” In P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, L. Hens, & C. V. Howard (Eds.), Environmental Health Impacts of Transport and Mobility (pp. 39–52). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 4). Newly Discovered Rocky Planet Expands Our Search For Habitable Worlds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). DOE’s Laboratory Facilities (RCED-96-183R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, A. (2013). Yoga as mental health treatment for cancer survivors: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2002, October 17). Tatyana M. Velikanova, 70, Soviet Human Rights Activist. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2009; Richmond & Jungers, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richmond & Jungers, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Mottram et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Currat et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures
AbbreviationBiol. Inspired Cogn. Arch.
ISSN (print)2212-683X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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