How to format your references using the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crame, J. A. (2009). Evolution. Time’s stamp on modern biogeography. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 720–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conway, T. M., & John, S. G. (2014). Quantification of dissolved iron sources to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 511(7508), 212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruthazer, E. S., Akerman, C. J., & Cline, H. T. (2003). Control of axon branch dynamics by correlated activity in vivo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5629), 66–70.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Limpens, E., Franken, C., Smit, P., Willemse, J., Bisseling, T., & Geurts, R. (2003). LysM domain receptor kinases regulating rhizobial Nod factor-induced infection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, C. (2014). Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Moriarty, P., & Gauthier, S. (Eds.). (2015). Imaging and Manipulation of Adsorbates Using Dynamic Force Microscopy: Proceedings from the AtMol Conference Series, Nottingham, UK, April 16-17, 2013. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mendoza, G., & Khero, Z. (2016). Building Pakistan’s Resilience to Flood Disasters in the Indus River Basin. In C. Tortajada (Ed.), Increasing Resilience to Climate Variability and Change: The Roles of Infrastructure and Governance in the Context of Adaptation (pp. 81–110). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 13). Scientists Create A Supernova Explosion In The Lab. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market (T-RCED-97-103). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felder Derkacs, A. D. (2010). The role of desmin in the signaling response to mechanical stretch of skeletal muscle [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez, M., & Pérez-Peña, R. (2015, March 10). Fraternity Vows Broader Look Into Use of Racist Chant. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crame, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Conway & John, 2014; Crame, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conway & John, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ruthazer et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Limpens et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures
AbbreviationBiol. Inspired Cogn. Arch.
ISSN (print)2212-683X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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