How to format your references using the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, J. (2014). Climate science: A resolution of the Antarctic paradox. Nature, 505(7484), 491–492.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, M., & Fu, D. (2007). Structure of the zinc transporter YiiP. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1746–1748.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, A., Ding, C., & Tian, Y. (2013). A two-photon ratiometric fluorescence probe for cupric ions in live cells and tissues. Scientific Reports, 3, 2933.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Farrow, N., Miller, D., Cmielewski, P., Donnelley, M., Bright, R., & Parsons, D. W. (2013). Airway gene transfer in a non-human primate: lentiviral gene expression in marmoset lungs. Scientific Reports, 3, 1287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowrick, D. J. (2005). Earthquake Risk Reduction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nagel, W. E., Kröner, D. B., & Resch, M. M. (Eds.). (2009). High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’08: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grob, A., Colleran, C., & McStay, B. (2011). UBF an Essential Player in Maintenance of Active NORs and Nucleolar Formation. In M. O. J. Olson (Ed.), The Nucleolus (pp. 83–103). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 20). Scientists Have Begun Hunting For Alien Signals Coming From Mysterious Star. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Air Traffic Control: Advanced Automation System Still Vulnerable to Cost and Schedule Problems (No. RCED-92-264). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, K. M. (2017). A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pendleton, I. (1934, March 25). THE HIGHWAY BEAUTIFUL; Private Citizens and State Officials Cooperate to Create Natural Scenery Along Paved Roads. New York Times, p. DRAMA SCREEN MUSIC RADIO FASHIONS ARTX12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (King, 2014; Lu & Fu, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu & Fu, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Zhu, Ding, & Tian, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Farrow et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures
AbbreviationBiol. Inspired Cogn. Arch.
ISSN (print)2212-683X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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