How to format your references using the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gläser, R. (2015). Catalysis: The complexity of intimacy. Nature, 528(7581), 197–198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmidt, V., & Gösele, U. (2007). Materials science. How nanowires grow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fisher, R. J., Pevsner, J., & Burgoyne, R. D. (2001). Control of fusion pore dynamics during exocytosis by Munc18. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5505), 875–878.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Libby, R. T., Smith, R. S., Savinova, O. V., Zabaleta, A., Martin, J. E., Gonzalez, F. J., & John, S. W. M. (2003). Modification of ocular defects in mouse developmental glaucoma models by tyrosinase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5612), 1578–1581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., & McShane, E. J. (1988). Differential and Integral Calculus. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Deng, Z., & Li, H. (Eds.). (2015). Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Automation Conference: Intelligent Information Processing (Vol. 336). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Haskell, J. D. (2013). Hugo Grotius in the Contemporary Memory of International Law: Secularism, Liberalism, and the Politics of Restatement and Denial. In J. M. Beneyto & D. Kennedy (Eds.), New Approaches to International Law: The European and the American Experiences (pp. 123–150). T. M. C. Asser Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 9). Triassic Mass Extinction May Give Clues On How Oceans Will Be Affected By Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). SSA ADP Budget: Suggested Reductions to Fiscal Year 1991 Budget (IMTEC-90-82). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sorensen, T. R. (2010). The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, January 2). Raiders Manage to Play Without Leader, Barely. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gläser, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gläser, 2015; Schmidt & Gösele, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmidt & Gösele, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Fisher et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Libby et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures
AbbreviationBiol. Inspired Cogn. Arch.
ISSN (print)2212-683X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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