How to format your references using the CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Liedl T. Nanotechnology: Pathfinder for DNA constructs. Nature. 2015;523:412–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hudson ZM, Manners I. Chemistry. Assembly and disassembly of ferrocene-based nanotubes. Science. 2014;344:482–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Akoulitchev S, Chuikov S, Reinberg D. TFIIH is negatively regulated by cdk8-containing mediator complexes. Nature. 2000;407:102–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Adams GB, Chabner KT, Alley IR, Olson DP, Szczepiorkowski ZM, Poznansky MC, et al. Stem cell engraftment at the endosteal niche is specified by the calcium-sensing receptor. Nature. 2006;439:599–603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bragg SM. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Mukhopadhyay SC, Lay-Ekuakille A, editors. Advances in Biomedical Sensing, Measurements, Instrumentation and Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kacprzyk J, Szkatuła G. Inductive Learning: A Combinatorial Optimization Approach. In: Koronacki J, Raś ZW, Wierzchoń ST, Kacprzyk J, editors. Advances in Machine Learning I: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Ryszard SMichalski. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Ceres’ Ice Volcanoes Might Disappear Over Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/ceres-ice-volcanoes-might-disappear-over-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Automated Systems: Treasury’s Efforts to Improve Its Payroll and Personnel Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-90-4.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Djajalaksana YM. A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Butler P. Jurors Need to Know That They Can Say No. New York Times. 2011 Dec 21;A39.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Radiol.
ISSN (print)0174-1551
ISSN (online)1432-086X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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