How to format your references using the CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Malissen B. Immunology. Switching off TCR signaling. Science. 2003;302:1162–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wilson RI, Nicoll RA. Endogenous cannabinoids mediate retrograde signalling at hippocampal synapses. Nature. 2001;410:588–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bliss TVP, Collingridge GL, Laroche S. Neuroscience. ZAP and ZIP, a story to forget. Science. 2006;313:1058–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim Y, Strelcov E, Hwang IR, Choi T, Park BH, Jesse S, et al. Correlative multimodal probing of ionically-mediated electromechanical phenomena in simple oxides. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Steele D. From Therapist to Coach. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Stavrakakis I, Smirnov M, editors. Autonomic Communication: Second International IFIP Workshop, WAC 2005, Athens, Greece, October 2-5, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Renger M, Kolfschoten GL, de Vreede G-J. Challenges in Collaborative Modeling: A Literature Review. In: Dietz JLG, Albani A, Barjis J, editors. Advances in Enterprise Engineering I: 4th International Workshop CIAO! and 4th International Workshop EOMAS, held at CAiSE 2008, Montpellier, France, June 16-17, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Is There Any Way To Tell If The FBI Have Read Your Email? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/feds-we-can-read-all-your-email-and-youll-never-know/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Readiness Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: 147977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ross TA. The surgical technologist learning partnership: A comparison of factors in a preceptor relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. The Supreme Court’s Silent Failure. New York Times. 2016 Jun 25;SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Radiol.
ISSN (print)0174-1551
ISSN (online)1432-086X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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