How to format your references using the Biological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J. (2009) Paleontology. Becoming T. rex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krüger, F. & Ohrnberger, M. (2005) Tracking the rupture of the Mw = 9.3 Sumatra earthquake over 1,150 km at teleseismic distance. Nature 435, 937–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard, N.J., Grootes, P.M. & Smith, F.H. (2004) Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd. Nature 430, 198–201.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Shu, X., Royant, A., Lin, M.Z., Aguilera, T.A., Lev-Ram, V., Steinbach, P.A. & Tsien, R.Y. (2009) Mammalian expression of infrared fluorescent proteins engineered from a bacterial phytochrome. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, 804–807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, J.A. & Timacheff, S. (2008) Digital Photography for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Seipel, D., Hanus, M., Geske, U. & Bartenstein, O. (eds) (2005) Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management: 15th International Conference on Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management, INAP 2004, and 18th Workshop on Logic Programming, WLP 2004, Potsdam, Germany, March 4-6, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Abidi, K. & Xu, J.-X. (2015) Discrete-Time Adaptive Posicast Control. In Advanced Discrete-Time Control: Designs and Applications (ed J.-X. Xu), pp. 79–107. Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Reviews.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016) Scientists Just Accidentally Figured Out How To Turn CO2 Into Fuel In A Breakthrough Study. IFLScience. IFLScience. Https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-just-accidentally-figured-out-how-to-turn-co2-into-fuel-breakthrough-study/ [accessed 30 October 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Federal Research: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Management and Oversight of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fearrington, N.D. (2008) The relationship between fathers’ pre -natal involvement with the mother and post -natal involvement with the child(ren). Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017) High-Stakes Test for Carbon Capture. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Krüger & Ohrnberger, 2005; Clark, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krüger & Ohrnberger, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Conard, Grootes, & Smith, 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Reviews
AbbreviationBiol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc.
ISSN (print)1464-7931
ISSN (online)1469-185X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles