How to format your references using the Trends in Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tate, C.G. (2010) Biochemistry. Membrane protein gymnastics. Science 328, 1644–1645
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo, Z. and Ohlstein, B. (2015) Stem cell regulation. Bidirectional Notch signaling regulates Drosophila intestinal stem cell multipotency. Science 350,
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas, P. et al. (2014) Frustrated hierarchical synchronization and emergent complexity in the human connectome network. Sci. Rep. 4, 5990
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Ueda, K. et al. (2014) Antibody-coupled monolithic silica microtips for highthroughput molecular profiling of circulating exosomes. Sci. Rep. 4, 6232

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheng, V.S. and Tong, J.C. (2017) Building Sustainability in East Asia, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Thomas, P.L., ed. (2013) Science Fiction and Speculative Fiction: Challenging Genres, SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Ngah, R. et al. (2016) Entrepreneurs’ Innovativeness Based on Emotional Intelligence (EI) Competencies Towards Entrepreneurial Success. In Proceedings of the ASEAN Entrepreneurship Conference 2014 (Mohd Sidek, N. Z. et al., eds), pp. 49–55, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 13-Mar-(2017) , China To Build New National Park 60% Bigger Than Yellowstone To Save The Siberian Tiger. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) FAA Staffing: Challenges in Managing Shortages in the Maintenance Work Force, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks, J. (2017) , Playing-With the World: Toy Story’s Aesthetics and Metaphysics of Play. , Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 18-Oct-(2017) , Nielsen Tackles a Mystery: Netflix Ratings. , New York Times, B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Pharmacological Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Pharmacol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0165-6147
ISSN (online)1873-3735

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