How to format your references using the Trends in Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2012) Devices: Artificial inspiration. Nature 489, S12-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, P. and Grayson, M. (2014) Assessing science. Nature 511, S49
A journal article with 3 authors
Mongillo, G. et al. (2008) Synaptic theory of working memory. Science 319, 1543–1546
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Rieger, M.A. et al. (2002) Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science 296, 2386–2388

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, C. and Fincham, B. (2011) Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Dong, Z. and Yin, X.-M., eds. (2009) Essentials of Apoptosis: A Guide for Basic and Clinical Research, (Second Edition.), Humana Press
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Y. et al. (2011) Towards Systematic Parallel Programming over MapReduce. In Euro-Par 2011 Parallel Processing: 17th International Conference, Euro-Par 2011, Bordeaux, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Jeannot, E. et al., eds), pp. 39–50, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) There’s Very Little Evidence That Flossing Actually Works. IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Air Traffic Control: Voice Communications System Continues to Encounter Difficulties, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero, K.A. (2017) Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009) Where to Fill Up the TableNew York Times, NJ13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Pharmacological Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Pharmacol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0165-6147
ISSN (online)1873-3735

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