How to format your references using the Trends in Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang, T. (2011) Advancing global health research through digital technology and sharing data. Science 331, 714–717
A journal article with 2 authors
Yi, X. and Liu, C. (2014) Retention of cotyledons is crucial for resprouting of clipped oak seedlings. Sci. Rep. 4, 5145
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A.I. et al. (2003) High diversity of unknown picorna-like viruses in the sea. Nature 424, 1054–1057
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Du, D.-Y. et al. (2013) An unprecedented (3,4,24)-connected heteropolyoxozincate organic framework as heterogeneous crystalline Lewis acid catalyst for biodiesel production. Sci. Rep. 3, 2616

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weber, P. and Simon, C. (2016) Benefits of Bayesian Network Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nakamura, H., ed. (2009) Electroporation and Sonoporation in Developmental Biology, Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Gangadharan, S. and Churiwala, S. (2013) SDC Extensions Through Tcl. In Constraining Designs for Synthesis and Timing Analysis: A Practical Guide to Synopsys Design Constraints (SDC) (Churiwala, S., ed), pp. 35–46, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 22-Jun-(2016) , Premenstrual Symptoms Linked To Inflamation. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Surface Transportation: Tight Budget Environment Requires Sound Investment Strategy, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Acosta, J. (2013) , Building bridges: A specialized training program for professionals in school settings to address bullying in LGBTQ youth: A grant proposal. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M. 21-Nov-(2015) , U.A.W. Contract With General Motors Is Ratified After Delay. , New York Times, B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Pharmacological Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Pharmacol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0165-6147
ISSN (online)1873-3735

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