How to format your references using the Trends in Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meier, R.P. (2000) Diminishing diversity of signed languages. Science 288, 1965b
A journal article with 2 authors
Sutton, P.J. and Kusmartsev, F.V. (2013) Gravitational vortices and clump formation in Saturn’s F ring during an encounter with Prometheus. Sci. Rep. 3, 1276
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D. et al. (2009) Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323, 1335–1339
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Luo, H.-W. et al. (2014) Experimental and theoretical approaches for the surface interaction between copper and activated sludge microorganisms at molecular scale. Sci. Rep. 4, 7078

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hayward, A. and Weare, F. (2010) Steel Detailers’ Manual, Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bortz, J.H. et al., eds. (2016) CT Colonography for Radiographers: A Guide to Performance and Image Interpretation, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pearson, C.E. et al. (2014) Prehistoric Site Discovery on the Outer Continental Shelf, Gulf of Mexico, United States of America. In Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental Shelf: A Global Review (Evans, A. M. et al., eds), pp. 53–72, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 29-Jan-(2015) , Precision Medicine Offers The Hope Of Cures Made Just For You. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Implementation of OMB Circular No. A-76 at Science Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, A.J. (2017) , Determining Bed Failure Depth in Unconsolidated Submarine Sediments Using Particles in Cell Numerical Modeling. , Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McCALLUM, S. 30-Jun-(2017) , Memory. , New York Times, MM17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Pharmacological Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Pharmacol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0165-6147
ISSN (online)1873-3735

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