How to format your references using the Future Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Blake DT. Neuroscience: how brains learn to control machines. Nature 2012;483:284–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
van Loosdrecht MCM, Brdjanovic D. Water treatment. Anticipating the next century of wastewater treatment. Science 2014;344:1452–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kalab P, Weis K, Heald R. Visualization of a Ran-GTP gradient in interphase and mitotic Xenopus egg extracts. Science 2002;295:2452–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Beck B, Driessens G, Goossens S, Youssef KK, Kuchnio A, Caauwe A, et al. A vascular niche and a VEGF-Nrp1 loop regulate the initiation and stemness of skin tumours. Nature 2011;478:399–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Fulton BS. Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Shao J. Optimization of Integrated Supply Chain Planning under Multiple Uncertainty. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Vafadar S, Abdollahzadeh Barfourosh A. Towards Requirement Analysis Pattern for Learning Agents. In: Weyns D, Gleizes M-P, editors. Agent-Oriented Software Engineering XI: 11th International Workshop, AOSE 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 10-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 79–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The US-Russian Space Station Mission Is A Study In Cooperation. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/us-russian-space-station-mission-study-cooperation/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pulice SW. The colonized child: Love, community, and wholeness as necessary elements of education. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Prochnik G. I’m Thinking. Please. Be Quiet. New York Times 2013:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Dental Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7180
Scope

Other styles