How to format your references using the Future Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnstone RA. The evolution of inaccurate mimics. Nature 2002;418:524–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker A, Grünewald U. Disaster management. Flood risk in Central Europe. Science 2003;300:1099.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bauer P, Thorpe A, Brunet G. The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction. Nature 2015;525:47–55.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schumacher MA, Glover TC, Brzoska AJ, Jensen SO, Dunham TD, Skurray RA, et al. Segrosome structure revealed by a complex of ParR with centromere DNA. Nature 2007;450:1268–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin BR. Nuclear and Particle Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Varotsos PA. Natural Time Analysis: The New View of Time: Precursory Seismic Electric Signals, Earthquakes and other Complex Time Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Khierallah HSM, Bader SM, Ibrahim KM, Al-Jboory IJ. Date Palm Status and Perspective in Iraq. In: Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV, editors. Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015, p. 97–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Dental Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Sperm May Use “Harpoons” To Fertilize An Egg. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Major Space Programs Still at Risk for Cost and Schedule Increases. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anthony PJ. Determining courses of action for educational leaders to achieve Adequate Yearly Progress. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Novelist Faces Pornography Charge. New York Times 2002:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Dental Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7180

Other styles