How to format your references using the Biological Procedures Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Procedures Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tour JM. Materials chemistry: Seeds of selective nanotube growth. Nature. 2014;512:30–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gorostiza P, Isacoff EY. Optical switches for remote and noninvasive control of cell signaling. Science. 2008;322:395–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Reichman OJ, Jones MB, Schildhauer MP. Challenges and opportunities of open data in ecology. Science. 2011;331:703–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhou Z, Zhen J, Karpowich NK, Goetz RM, Law CJ, Reith MEA, et al. LeuT-desipramine structure reveals how antidepressants block neurotransmitter reuptake. Science. 2007;317:1390–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Budisa N. Engineering the Genetic Code. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Batten L, Li G, Niu W, Warren M, editors. Applications and Techniques in Information Security: 5th International Conference, ATIS 2014, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, November 26-28, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Frey J, Bird C, Willoughby C. Smart Meeting Spaces for Knowledge Transfer. In: Howlett RJ, Gabrys B, Musial-Gabrys K, Roach J, editors. Innovation through Knowledge Transfer 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 31–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Procedures Online.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. A Rare Transit Of Mercury Will Take Place This Monday - Here’s How To Watch It Live [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/rare-transit-mercury-will-happen-monday/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Management and Accountability Issues Contribute to Unprofitability of Food and Beverage Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-761T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Clyde KM. Instructors’ Perceptions of the National Association of Schools of Music Influence on the Development of Undergraduate Applied Percussion Curricula [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Light A. Guardian Anger. New York Times. 2012 May 18;MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Procedures Online
AbbreviationBiol. Proced. Online
ISSN (online)1480-9222
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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