How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J. Department of Energy. Nominee scores cabinet hat trick. Science 2004;306:2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pienitz R, Vincent WF. Effect of climate change relative to ozone depletion on UV exposure in subarctic lakes. Nature 2000;404:484–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vieira-Pires RS, Szollosi A, Morais-Cabral JH. The structure of the KtrAB potassium transporter. Nature 2013;496:323–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoppe H-G, Gocke K, Koppe R, Begler C. Bacterial growth and primary production along a north-south transect of the Atlantic Ocean. Nature 2002;416:168–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armstrong HA, Brasier MD. Microfossils. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing; 2004.
An edited book
Kleppel GS, DeVoe MR, Rawson MV, editors. Changing Land Use Patterns in the Coastal Zone: Managing Environmental Quality in Rapidly Developing Regions. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Gärtner B, Matoušek J. Duality and Cone Programming. In: Matousek J, editor. Approximation Algorithms and Semidefinite Programming, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 45–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Americans Lack Confidence In Science On Politicized Topics. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Provide Clear Information and Additional Guidance on the New Starts Ratings Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim H. Linkages Between Career Development and Career Technical Education Outcomes Among High Schools in New Jersey. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall A. Police Ease Rules on Beards and Turbans for Religious Officers. New York Times 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy - Oncolytics
ISSN (print)2372-7705

Other styles