How to format your references using the Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schloss, P. D. (2014). Microbiology: An integrated view of the skin microbiome. Nature 514, 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, S. R., and Stuart, G. J. (2002). Dependence of EPSP efficacy on synapse location in neocortical pyramidal neurons. Science 295, 1907–1910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinón-Torres, M., Rehren, T., and Freestone, I. C. (2006). Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares. Nature 444, 437–438.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ge, K., Guermah, M., Yuan, C.-X., Ito, M., Wallberg, A. E., Spiegelman, B. M., et al. (2002). Transcription coactivator TRAP220 is required for PPAR gamma 2-stimulated adipogenesis. Nature 417, 563–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Theodore, L., and Kunz, R. G. (2005). Nanotechnology: Environmental Implications and Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Datta, A. ed. (2009). Advances in Computer Science - ASIAN 2009. Information Security and Privacy: 13th Asian Computing Science Conference, Seoul, Korea, December 14-16, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Samad, F., Badeanlou, L., Shah, C., and Yang, G. (2011). “Adipose Tissue and Ceramide Biosynthesis in the Pathogenesis of Obesity,” in Sphingolipids and Metabolic Disease Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology., ed. L. A. Cowart (New York, NY: Springer), 67–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Turkish Whistling Language Uses Both Hemispheres Of The Brain. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Consolidated Education Planning: State Education Agencies’ Implementation of Consolidated Planning at the Local Level. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, M. (2017). A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. E. (2017). An agenda for South Korea’s new leader. New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schloss, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schloss, 2014, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Stuart, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ge et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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