How to format your references using the Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, R. G. (2011). Materials science. Predicting the flow of real polymers. Science 333, 1834–1835.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sennett, R., and Rendl, M. (2015). Developmental biology. A scar is born: origins of fibrotic skin tissue. Science 348, 284–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petta, J. R., Lu, H., and Gossard, A. C. (2010). A coherent beam splitter for electronic spin states. Science 327, 669–672.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Packer, C., Hilborn, R., Mosser, A., Kissui, B., Borner, M., Hopcraft, G., et al. (2005). Ecological change, group territoriality, and population dynamics in Serengeti lions. Science 307, 390–393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jiang, J., and Zhang, C. (2015). Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Borsali, R., and Pecora, R. eds. (2008). Soft Matter Characterization. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Quang, N. P., and Dittrich, J.-A. (2008). “Problems of actual-value measurement and vector orientation,” in Vector Control of Three-Phase AC Machines: System Development in the Practice Power Systems., ed. J.-A. Dittrich (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 107–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Archaeologists Believe They Have Found Mysterious Concealed Chambers Inside Tutankhamun’s Tomb. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Information Technology: DOD Needs to Leverage Lessons Learned from Its Outsourcing Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari, S. R. (2010). A tool to automate the process of Unit testing of webapplications (Criterion V1.0).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Savage, C. (2017). White House Lands 3 Punches Against Gay Rights in One Day. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Larson, 2011; Sennett and Rendl, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sennett and Rendl, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Packer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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