How to format your references using the Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bizzarro, M. (2014). Planetary science. Probing the solar system’s prenatal history. Science 345, 620–621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nussenzweig, M. C., and Mellman, I. (2011). Ralph Steinman (1943-2011). Nature 478, 460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yonekura, K., Maki-Yonekura, S., and Namba, K. (2003). Complete atomic model of the bacterial flagellar filament by electron cryomicroscopy. Nature 424, 643–650.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lv, C., Krishnaraju, D., Konjevod, G., Yu, H., and Jiang, H. (2014). Origami based mechanical metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 4, 5979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt, W. M. (2016). Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hibbert, K. M., Chhem, R. K., Deven, T. van, and Wang, S.-C. eds. (2012). Radiology Education: The Evaluation and Assessment of Clinical Competence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chamlagain, D., and Gautam, D. (2015). “Seismic Hazard in the Himalayan Intermontane Basins: An Example from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal,” in Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction Disaster Risk Reduction., eds. H. K. Nibanupudi and R. Shaw (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 73–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). A Global Dust Storm Might Cover Mars In A Matter Of Weeks. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). FAA Purchase Cards: Weak Controls Resulted in Instances of Improper and Wasteful Purchases and Missing Assets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adler, A. D. (2012). Change in Automatic and Strategic Cognition: An Examination of Cognitive Therapy for Depression.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J. (2016). ’60s TV, Taxes and a Taste of Trump. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bizzarro, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bizzarro, 2014; Nussenzweig and Mellman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nussenzweig and Mellman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Lv et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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