How to format your references using the Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linden, H. (2002). Circadian rhythms. A white collar protein senses blue light. Science 297, 777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wollert, T., and Hurley, J. H. (2010). Molecular mechanism of multivesicular body biogenesis by ESCRT complexes. Nature 464, 864–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mignot, T., Merlie, J. P., Jr, and Zusman, D. R. (2005). Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science 310, 855–857.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kang, W. N., Kim, H. J., Choi, E. M., Jung, C. U., and Lee, S. I. (2001). MgB2 superconducting thin films with a transition temperature of 39 kelvin. Science 292, 1521–1523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka, H. J. (2010). Transitions in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Murgante, B., Misra, S., Carlini, M., Torre, C. M., Nguyen, H.-Q., Taniar, D., et al. eds. (2013). Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2013: 13th International Conference, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, June 24-27, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruß, G., Kruse, R., Schneider, M., and Wagner, P. (2009). “Visualization of Agriculture Data Using Self-Organizing Maps,” in Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XVI: Proceedings of AI-2008, the Twenty-eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, eds. T. Allen, R. Ellis, and M. Petridis (London: Springer), 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). World First: 3D Acoustic Cloaking Device. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Efforts To Comply With P.L. 94-142 and Selected Youth Services Administration Management Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, S. (2008). Identification and Characterization of Senescence-Associated Proteins in Petunia Corollas.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gasson, J. (2016). Swept Away. New York Times, M2138.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linden, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Linden, 2002; Wollert and Hurley, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wollert and Hurley, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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