How to format your references using the Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zinner, E. (2003). Planetary science. An isotopic view of the early solar system. Science 300, 265–267.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCarthy, P. M., and Smith, W. A. (2002). Mechanical circulatory support--a long and winding road. Science 295, 998–999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory, J. M., Huybrechts, P., and Raper, S. C. B. (2004). Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature 428, 616.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu, J. L., Rak, J. W., Coomber, B. L., Hicklin, D. J., and Kerbel, R. S. (2002). Effect of p53 status on tumor response to antiangiogenic therapy. Science 295, 1526–1528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek, H. H., Sapienza, A. M., and Eid, V. (2008). Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Li, K., and Irwin, G. W. eds. (2006). Intelligent Control and Automation: International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2006 Kunming, China, August 16–19, 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Truex, D., and Holmström, J. (2007). “Dropping Your Tools,” in Organizational Dynamics of Technology-Based Innovation: Diversifying the Research Agenda: IFIP TC 8 WG 8.6 International Working Conference, June 14–16, Manchester, UK IFIP International Federation for Information Processing., eds. T. McMaster, D. Wastell, E. Ferneley, and J. I. DeGross (Boston, MA: Springer US), 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Rosetta Scientists Unveil The Source Of Ice And Dust Jets On Comet 67P. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). ADP Modernization: Half-Billion Dollar FmHA Effort Lacks Adequate Planning and Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ekici, T. (2006). An Investigation of Credit Card Debt: The Effect of Price and Income Expectations and the Impact on Consumption.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011). Russia: Jehovah’s Witness Acquitted of Incitement. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zinner, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McCarthy and Smith, 2002; Zinner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCarthy and Smith, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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