How to format your references using the Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaeberlein, M. (2010). Lessons on longevity from budding yeast. Nature 464, 513–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sadler, P. M., and Tai, R. H. (2007). Transitions. The two high-school pillars supporting college science. Science 317, 457–458.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lönnstedt, O. M., McCormick, M. I., and Chivers, D. P. (2013). Predator-induced changes in the growth of eyes and false eyespots. Sci. Rep. 3, 2259.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Proverbio, A. M., Calbi, M., Manfredi, M., and Zani, A. (2014). Audio-visuomotor processing in the musician’s brain: an ERP study on professional violinists and clarinetists. Sci. Rep. 4, 5866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, P., and Ottoboni, M. A. (2011). The Dose Makes the Poison. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kato, T. ed. (2008). Liquid Crystalline Functional Assemblies and Their Supramolecular Structures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Subramanian, R., Hiltunen, E., and Gane, P. A. C. (2011). “Potential Use of Micro- and Nanofibrillated Cellulose Composites Exemplified by Paper,” in Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites: Green Chemistry and Technology, eds. S. Kalia, B. S. Kaith, and I. Kaur (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 121–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). GM Crops that Produce Fish Oil Successfully Grown in the Field. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Third Party Funding Agreements: No Longer Appropriate for Serving the Handicapped Through the Vocational Rehabilitation Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsobrook, J. A. (2013). Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003). Mayor Lifts Ban for Chinese New Year Fireworks Shows. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaeberlein, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sadler and Tai, 2007; Kaeberlein, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sadler and Tai, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Proverbio et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Headache Medicine and Facial Pain
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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