How to format your references using the Biological Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shi, S.H., 2001. Amersham Biosciences & Science Prize. AMPA receptor dynamics and synaptic plasticity. Science 294, 1851–1852.
A journal article with 2 authors
Qian, H., Ricklefs, R.E., 2000. Large-scale processes and the Asian bias in species diversity of temperate plants. Nature 407, 180–182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakagome, S., Mano, S., Hasegawa, M., 2013. Comment on “Nuclear genomic sequences reveal that polar bears are an old and distinct bear lineage.” Science 339, 1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Graetz, N., Friedman, J., Osgood-Zimmerman, A., Burstein, R., Biehl, M.H., Shields, C., Mosser, J.F., Casey, D.C., Deshpande, A., Earl, L., Reiner, R.C., Ray, S.E., Fullman, N., Levine, A.J., Stubbs, R.W., Mayala, B.K., Longbottom, J., Browne, A.J., Bhatt, S., Weiss, D.J., Gething, P.W., Mokdad, A.H., Lim, S.S., Murray, C.J.L., Gakidou, E., Hay, S.I., 2018. Mapping local variation in educational attainment across Africa. Nature 555, 48–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodman, A.H., 2012. Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nelson, T., Winawer, H. (Eds.), 2014. Critical Topics in Family Therapy: AFTA Monograph Series Highlights, AFTA SpringerBriefs in Family Therapy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, G., Uszkoreit, H., 2012. O projektu META-NET, in: Rehm, G., Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.), The Slovene Language in the Digital Age, White Paper Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Control.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Researchers Identify Potential New Targets For Cancer Treatments [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Pilot Cities Program: Phaseout Needed Due To Limited National Benefits (No. GGD-75-16). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchings, J.D., 2008. Teachers’ perceptions of evidence-based decision making: A case study of three schools in British Columbia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Buckley, C., 2017. Tycoon’s Claims Reverberate in China Despite Censorship and Thin Evidence. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shi, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Qian and Ricklefs, 2000; Shi, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Qian and Ricklefs, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Graetz et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Control
AbbreviationBiol. Control
ISSN (print)1049-9644
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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