How to format your references using the Biological Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R.F., 2000. MATERIALS SCIENCE: New Tigers in the Fuel Cell Tank. Science 288, 1955–1957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flanagan, J.R., Johansson, R.S., 2003. Action plans used in action observation. Nature 424, 769–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pinker, R.T., Zhang, B., Dutton, E.G., 2005. Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation? Science 308, 850–854.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okazaki, R., Takaoka, N., Nagao, K., Sekiya, M., Nakamura, T., 2001. Noble-gas-rich chondrules in an enstatite meteorite. Nature 412, 795–798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homès, B., 2012. Fundamentals of Software Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scozzari, A., Dotsika, E. (Eds.), 2016. Threats to the Quality of Groundwater Resources: Prevention and Control, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hatebur, D., Heisel, M., Schmidt, H., 2008. A Formal Metamodel for Problem Frames, in: Czarnecki, K., Ober, I., Bruel, J.-M., Uhl, A., Völter, M. (Eds.), Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems: 11th International Conference, MoDELS 2008, Toulouse, France, September 28 - October 3, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 68–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Control.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Mouse Sperm Still Works After Months In Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Maritime Administration’s Satellite Communications Program: Is It Still Needed? (No. LCD-77-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, C.R., 2013. An investigation on the effect(s) of different modes of intervention for weight management on HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol production among United States veterans (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. From Angry Student to Board Member. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Flanagan and Johansson, 2003; Service, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flanagan and Johansson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Okazaki et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Control
AbbreviationBiol. Control
ISSN (print)1049-9644
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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