How to format your references using the Biological Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberts, L., 2012. HIV/AIDS in America. Introduction. Science 337, 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson, W.S., Reeh, N., 2001. Thinning of the ice sheet in northwest Greenland over the past forty years. Nature 414, 60–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, S., Huse, D.A., White, S.R., 2011. Spin-liquid ground state of the S = 1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Science 332, 1173–1176.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takeuchi, S., Ruhman, S., Tsuneda, T., Chiba, M., Taketsugu, T., Tahara, T., 2008. Spectroscopic tracking of structural evolution in ultrafast stilbene photoisomerization. Science 322, 1073–1077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kushner, R., Lawrence, V., Kumar, S., 2013. Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Sulaiman, H.A., Othman, M.A., Othman, M.F.I., Rahim, Y.A., Pee, N.C. (Eds.), 2016. Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology: Proceedings of ICOCOE 2015, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldberg, A.V., Kaplan, H., Werneck, R.F., 2007. Better Landmarks Within Reach, in: Demetrescu, C. (Ed.), Experimental Algorithms: 6th International Workshop, WEA 2007, Rome, Italy, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Control.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. India’s Rocket Mission Cheaper Than The Movie Gravity [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Statistical Agencies: Proposed Consolidation and Data Sharing Legislation (No. T-GGD-98-91). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhah, S., 2015. The relationship between job-embedded professional development and special education teacher self-efficacy in hard-to-staff middle schools (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ellis, B.E., 2017. Still Here. New York Times M2118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roberts, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Paterson and Reeh, 2001; Roberts, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paterson and Reeh, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Takeuchi et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Control
AbbreviationBiol. Control
ISSN (print)1049-9644
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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