How to format your references using the Biological Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts, C., 2001. Immunology. Antigen presentation--losing its shine in the absence of GILT. Science 294, 1294–1295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber, W.J., Ewing, R.C., 2000. Plutonium immobilization and radiation effects. Science 289, 2051–2052.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackermann, M., Stearns, S.C., Jenal, U., 2003. Senescence in a bacterium with asymmetric division. Science 300, 1920.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baumberger, F., Auwärter, W., Greber, T., Osterwalder, J., 2004. Electron coherence in a melting lead monolayer. Science 306, 2221–2224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balmori, D., 2014. Drawing and Reinventing Landscape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rainieri, C., 2014. Operational Modal Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures: An Introduction and Guide for Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wood, L.F., 2009. Protocols, in: Wood, L.F., Foote, M. (Eds.), Targeted Regulatory Writing Techniques: Clinical Documents for Drugs and Biologics. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Control.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. “Game-Changing” Immunotherapy Drug Doubles Cancer Survival Rates [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Hazardous Weather Detection and Dissemination Systems (No. T-RCED-87-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurtz, W.A., 2017. Under the Balaclava: A Case Study Examining Habits Within the Identity of Elite Counterterrorists (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J., 2016. A Call to ‘Respect the Feathers.’ New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Watts, 2001; Weber and Ewing, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weber and Ewing, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Baumberger et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Control
AbbreviationBiol. Control
ISSN (print)1049-9644
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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