How to format your references using the Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibum HO. Beyond the ivory tower. What kind of science is experimental physics? Science, 306, 60–61 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
Feachem RGA, Medlin CA. Health is wealth. Nature, 417, 695 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieseberg LH, Wood TE, Baack EJ. The nature of plant species. Nature, 440, 524–527 (2006).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jacobs K, Zaziski D, Scher EC, Herhold AB, Paul Alivisatos A. Activation volumes for solid-solid transformations in nanocrystals. Science, 293, 1803–1806 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Q. Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore, (2013).
An edited book
Designing Around People: CWUAAT 2016. 1st ed. 2016 ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Leva MC, Kay AM, Mattei F, Kontogiannis T, De Ambroggi M, Cromie S. A Dynamic Task Representation Method for a Virtual Reality Application. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics: 8th International Conference, EPCE 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009. Proceedings. (Harris Don ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp.32–42 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin.

Blog post
Bedell-Pearce H. “Mysterious 15 Meter Sea Creature Found In Indonesia”.: <>, cited 30 October, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Care: Early Childhood Programs and Services for Low-Income Families, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terry EJ. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink S, Risen J. Suit Aims to Hold Contractors Accountable for C.I.A. Torture, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
AbbreviationBiol. Pharm. Bull.
ISSN (print)0918-6158
ISSN (online)1347-5215
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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