How to format your references using the Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown A. Obituary: John Templeton (1912-2008). Nature, 454, 290 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Rout ME, Callaway RM. Plant science. An invasive plant paradox. Science, 324, 734–735 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Goscé L, Barton DAW, Johansson A. Analytical modelling of the spread of disease in confined and crowded spaces. Sci. Rep., 4, 4856 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sogabe T, Shoji Y, Ohba M, Yoshida K, Tamaki R, Hong H-F, Wu C-H, Kuo C-T, Tomić S, Okada Y. Intermediate-band dynamics of quantum dots solar cell in concentrator photovoltaic modules. Sci. Rep., 4, 4792 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kang S. Micro/Nano Replication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, (2012).
An edited book
Guida-Pietrasanta F. Inorganic Polymeric Nanocomposites and Membranes. Vol. 179, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2005).
A chapter in an edited book
Torri MC, Herrmann TM. Ethnomedicine, Capacity Development, and Innovation System Through GMCL. Bridges Between Tradition and Innovation in Ethnomedicine: Fostering Local Development Through Community-Based Enterprises in India. (Herrmann Thora Martina ed.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp.121–143 (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin.

Blog post
Carpineti A. “Titan’s Seas Are Made Of Pure Methane”.: <>, cited 30 October, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Operation of the Copyright Royalty Tribunal, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D’Ambrosio JL. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM. U.A.W. Leaders Approve Proposed G.M. Contract, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2).
This sentence cites two references 2,4).
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
AbbreviationBiol. Pharm. Bull.
ISSN (print)0918-6158
ISSN (online)1347-5215
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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