How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.J. Stevens, Materials science. How shape affects microtubule and nanoparticle assembly, Science. 343 (2014) 981–982.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Ziauddin, D.M. Sabatini, Microarrays of cells expressing defined cDNAs, Nature. 411 (2001) 107–110.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.A. Chabanov, M. Stoytchev, A.Z. Genack, Statistical signatures of photon localization, Nature. 404 (2000) 850–853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Mandel, R. Manivanh, R. Dalal, P. Huie, J. Wang, M. Brinton, D. Palanker, Vasoconstriction by electrical stimulation: new approach to control of non-compressible hemorrhage, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.C. Dimond, Legal Aspects of Radiography and Radiology, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
A.D. Kaye, R.D. Urman, N. Vadivelu, eds., Essentials of Regional Anesthesia, 1st ed., Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Allinson, The Birth of Spiritual Economics, in: L. Zsolnai (Ed.), Spirituality and Ethics in Management, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Earth-Sized Radio Telescope Spies A Star Falling Into Black Hole, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Legislation Amending the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.R. Thom, Beyond the numbers: A phenomenological study of intangible assets for small manufacturing business valuation, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Herrman, Stage Craft, New York Times. (2016) MM15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0090-8258
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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