How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.P. McKay, Planetary science. Biologically reversible exploration, Science. 323 (2009) 718.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Ohlstein, A. Spradling, The adult Drosophila posterior midgut is maintained by pluripotent stem cells, Nature. 439 (2006) 470–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
U. Raviv, P. Laurat, J. Klein, Fluidity of water confined to subnanometre films, Nature. 413 (2001) 51–54.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Ma, C. Jiang, X. Hu, H. Liu, Q. Li, T. Li, Y. Yang, O. Li, Methylation patterns of the IFN-γ gene in cervical cancer tissues, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Hu, Fundamental Spacecraft Dynamics and Control, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
S. Ghilardi, R. Sebastiani, eds., Frontiers of Combining Systems: 7th International Symposium, FroCoS 2009, Trento, Italy, September 16-18, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Trotter, Why the West Spurns Medical Rituals, in: D. Solomon, R. Fan, P.-C. Lo (Eds.), Ritual and the Moral Life: Reclaiming the Tradition, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 75–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
D. Andrew, The Lessons We Need To Learn To Deal With The ‘Creeping Disaster’ Of Drought, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Capacity: Synopses of Major Studies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.M. Wasserman, Psychological Symptoms, Family Functioning, and Religious Coping in Second- and Third-Generation Holocaust Survivors, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal, New York Times. (2006) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0090-8258
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles