How to format your references using the Biofuels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biofuels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Shah R. Short-sighted move to close the 12-m telescope. Nature. 404(6781), 921 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Inchausti P, Halley J. Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science. 293(5530), 655–657 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Liang Y, Wu D, Fu R. Carbon microfibers with hierarchical porous structure from electrospun fiber-like natural biopolymer. Sci. Rep. 3, 1119 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tu L, Tai WCS, Chen L, Banfield DK. Signal-mediated dynamic retention of glycosyltransferases in the Golgi. Science. 321(5887), 404–407 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Karr R. Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
Villadsen J. Bioreaction Engineering Principles. 3rd ed. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bender W, Böger HH. A Short History of the Extruder in Ceramics. In: Extrusion in Ceramics. Händle F (Ed.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 85–128 (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biofuels.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Antarctica Has Millions More Adélie Penguins Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience (2017). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/antarctica-has-millions-more-adlie-penguins-than-we-thought/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Coordination: Benefits and Barriers Exist, and Planning Efforts Progress Slowly. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Holland JH. Investigating the relationship between the policy implementation process and the utilization of information technology in a constitutional republic: The case of I-269 NEPA process. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Harris G, Shear MD, Nixon R. Court Opinion Lets U.S. Start Ban on Travel. New York Times, A1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiofuels
AbbreviationBiofuels
ISSN (print)1759-7269
ISSN (online)1759-7277
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Waste Management and Disposal

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