How to format your references using the Progress in Earth and Planetary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Earth and Planetary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faedi F. Exoplanets: A glimpse of Earth’s fate. Nature. 2015 Oct 22;526(7574):515–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panchanathan K, Boyd R. Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem. Nature. 2004 Nov 25;432(7016):499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai SA, Bezrukov SM, Zimmerberg J. A voltage-dependent channel involved in nutrient uptake by red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite. Nature. 2000 Aug 31;406(6799):1001–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ge X-L, Zhang Y, Wu Y, Lv J, Zhang W, Jin Z-B, et al. Identification of a novel GJA8 (Cx50) point mutation causes human dominant congenital cataracts. Sci. Rep. 2014 Feb 18;4:4121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trigeassou J-C. Electrical Machines Diagnosis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
Wang A. Sub-threshold Design for Ultra Low-Power Systems. Calhoun BH, Chandrakasan AP, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang X, Fan Z, Wang J, Liao H. 3D Augmented Reality Based Orthopaedic Interventions. In: Zheng G, Li S, editors. Computational Radiology for Orthopaedic Interventions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Earth and Planetary Science.

Blog post
Fang J. New Seal Virus Is Closely Related To The Human Hepatitis A Virus. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Signature Prototype System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Feb. Report No.: AIMD-94-70R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann JL. The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Captain America’s Mom: Some Shocking News. New York Times. 2016 May 26;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faedi 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Faedi 2015; Panchanathan and Boyd 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Panchanathan and Boyd 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ge et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Earth and Planetary Science
AbbreviationProg. Earth Planet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2197-4284
Scope

Other styles