How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helliwell, J.R., 2013. Biochemistry. How to solve protein structures with an X-ray laser. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339 (6116), 146–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes, C.L. and Chang, G., 2005. Structure of the ABC transporter MsbA in complex with ADP.vanadate and lipopolysaccharide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308 (5724), 1028–1031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, C.L., Constable, C.G., and Tauxe, L., 2003. Geophysics. Mapping long-term changes in Earth’s magnetic field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300 (5628), 2044–2045.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schunck, C.H., Shin, Y., Schirotzek, A., Zwierlein, M.W., and Ketterle, W., 2007. Pairing without superfluidity: the ground state of an imbalanced Fermi mixture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316 (5826), 867–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eligehausen, R., Mallée, R., and Silva, J.F., 2012. Anchorage in Concrete Construction. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, M. and Álvarez-García, J., eds., 2014. Action-Based Quality Management: Strategy and Tools for Continuous Improvement. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Borgianni, Y., Cascini, G., and Rotini, F., 2012. Application of IPPR to the Reengineering Problems of Class 1. In: Y. Borgianni and G. Cascini, eds. Re-engineering of Products and Processes: How to Achieve Global Success in the Changing Marketplace. London: Springer, 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. As Biodiversity Declines On Corn Farms, Pest Problems Grow [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. GAO-08-384.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey, Z.J., 2013. Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. T. I. Writes Letters to Obama and Trump. New York Times, 7 Jan, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helliwell 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Reyes and Chang 2005, Helliwell 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Chang 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Schunck et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Pavement Eng.
ISSN (print)1029-8436
ISSN (online)1477-268X
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles