How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Onozuka, D., 2014. Effect of non-stationary climate on infectious gastroenteritis transmission in Japan. Scientific reports, 4, 5157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balskus, E.P. and Jacobsen, E.N., 2007. Asymmetric catalysis of the transannular Diels-Alder reaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317 (5845), 1736–1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, S.H., Wiggin, M.B., and Sawicki, G.S., 2015. Reducing the energy cost of human walking using an unpowered exoskeleton. Nature, 522 (7555), 212–215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kaufmann, K., Wellmer, F., Muiño, J.M., Ferrier, T., Wuest, S.E., Kumar, V., Serrano-Mislata, A., Madueño, F., Krajewski, P., Meyerowitz, E.M., Angenent, G.C., and Riechmann, J.L., 2010. Orchestration of floral initiation by APETALA1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328 (5974), 85–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelsey, J.E., Newport, D.J., and Nemeroff, C.B., 2006. Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Warminski, J., Lenci, S., Cartmell, M.P., Rega, G., and Wiercigroch, M., eds., 2012. Nonlinear Dynamic Phenomena in Mechanics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadar, Y. and Cullen, D., 2013. 5 Organopollutant Degradation by Wood Decay Basidiomycetes. In: F. Kempken, ed. Agricultural Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 115–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Ban On Testing Vaccines On Captive Apes Threatens Their Wild Counterparts [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Telecommunications: National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. RCED-89-193.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner, S.W., 2017. Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Edge, J.T., 2017. The Hidden Radicalism of Southern Food. New York Times, 6 May, p. SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Onozuka 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Balskus and Jacobsen 2007, Onozuka 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balskus and Jacobsen 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaufmann et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Pavement Eng.
ISSN (print)1029-8436
ISSN (online)1477-268X
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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