How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gossett, J.M., 2002. Environment. Fishing for microbes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298 (5595), 974–975.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruths, J. and Ruths, D., 2014. Network models. Response to Comment on ‘Control profiles of complex networks’. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346 (6209), 561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, D., Searles, M.A., and Klug, A., 2003. Crystal structure of a zinc-finger-RNA complex reveals two modes of molecular recognition. Nature, 426 (6962), 96–100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whittaker, J.M., Müller, R.D., Roest, W.R., Wessel, P., and Smith, W.H.F., 2008. How supercontinents and superoceans affect seafloor roughness. Nature, 456 (7224), 938–941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fink, J.K., 2016. Metallized and Magnetic Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hansson, A., 2011. On-Chip Interconnect with aelite: Composable and Predictable Systems. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuijf, H.J., Tax, C.M.W., Zaanen, L.K., Bouvy, W.H., de Bresser, J., Leemans, A., Viergever, M.A., Biessels, G.J., and Vincken, K.L., 2014. The Added Value of Diffusion Tensor Imaging for Automated White Matter Hyperintensity Segmentation. In: L. O’Donnell, G. Nedjati-Gilani, Y. Rathi, M. Reisert, and T. Schneider, eds. Computational Diffusion MRI: MICCAI Workshop, Boston, MA, USA, September 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Whether A Vaccine Will Work For You Could Be Written In Your Genes [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Productivity, Science and Technology: Keys to U.S. Economic Growth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. 105610.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kilpatrick, R.F., 2010. A World Less Paved. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2015. They Help Each Other and Their Country. New York Times, 1 Nov, p. ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gossett 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gossett 2002, Ruths and Ruths 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruths and Ruths 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Whittaker et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Pavement Eng.
ISSN (print)1029-8436
ISSN (online)1477-268X
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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