How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J., 2010. Why do scientists dance? Science (New York, N.Y.), 330 (6005), 752.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cushing, M.C. and Anseth, K.S., 2007. Materials science. Hydrogel cell cultures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316 (5828), 1133–1134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, B.M., Finn, K.J., and Li, J.J., 2010. Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329 (5994), 943–946.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chereau, D., Boczkowska, M., Skwarek-Maruszewska, A., Fujiwara, I., Hayes, D.B., Rebowski, G., Lappalainen, P., Pollard, T.D., and Dominguez, R., 2008. Leiomodin is an actin filament nucleator in muscle cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320 (5873), 239–243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd, N. and Sabonnadière, J.-C., 2013. Power Systems and Restructuring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wedding, U. and Audisio, R.A., eds., 2015. Management of Hematological Cancer in Older People. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Petrilli, S. and Ponzio, A., 2015. Language as Primary Modeling and Natural Languages: A Biosemiotic Perspective. In: E. Velmezova, K. Kull, and S.J. Cowley, eds. Biosemiotic Perspectives on Language and Linguistics. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 47–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. THC In Marijuana Delays Organ Transplant Rejection In Mice [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Aviation Security: Flight and Cabin Crew Member Security Training Strengthened, but Better Planning and Internal Controls Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. GAO-05-781.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cherukuri, H., 2014. 1, 3-Dipolar Reaction of gem-Dicyanoepoxide with a Fluoro-Olefin. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, 4 Dec, p. C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cushing and Anseth 2007, Bohannon 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cushing and Anseth 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Chereau et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Pavement Eng.
ISSN (print)1029-8436
ISSN (online)1477-268X
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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