How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mukherjee, R., 2014. The winding road. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346 (6212), 1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coussens, L.M. and Werb, Z., 2002. Inflammation and cancer. Nature, 420 (6917), 860–867.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ross, R.J., Weiner, M.M., and Lin, H., 2014. PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs in the soma. Nature, 505 (7483), 353–359.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsukada, Y.-I., Fang, J., Erdjument-Bromage, H., Warren, M.E., Borchers, C.H., Tempst, P., and Zhang, Y., 2006. Histone demethylation by a family of JmjC domain-containing proteins. Nature, 439 (7078), 811–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarman, K.H., 2015. Beyond Basic Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Retolaza, J.L., 2016. Social Accounting for Sustainability: Monetizing the Social Value. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kohara, Y. and Yanai, K., 2013. Visual Analysis of Tag Co-occurrence on Nouns and Adjectives. In: S. Li, A.E. Saddik, M. Wang, T. Mei, N. Sebe, S. Yan, R. Hong, and C. Gurrin, eds. Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Too Much Too Soon? What Should We Be Teaching Four-Year-Olds [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Improve Key Project Management Practices for Its Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. GAO-13-455.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton, C., 2008. Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., 2015. Profit Surges for Ford, Propelled by F-150 Sales. New York Times, 28 Oct, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mukherjee 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Coussens and Werb 2002, Mukherjee 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coussens and Werb 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsukada et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Pavement Eng.
ISSN (print)1029-8436
ISSN (online)1477-268X
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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