How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orgel, L.E., 2004. Molecular biology. Retrospective: Francis Crick (1916-2004). Science (New York, N.Y.), 305 (5687), 1118.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arthur, R. and Diamond, J., 2011. Geography. Understanding tribal fates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334 (6058), 911–912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norell, M.A., Makovicky, P.J., and Currie, P.J., 2001. Palaeontology. The beaks of ostrich dinosaurs. Nature, 412 (6850), 873–874.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiang, Y., Laurent, B., Hsu, C.-H., Nachtergaele, S., Lu, Z., Sheng, W., Xu, C., Chen, H., Ouyang, J., Wang, S., Ling, D., Hsu, P.-H., Zou, L., Jambhekar, A., He, C., and Shi, Y., 2017. Corrigendum: RNA m6A methylation regulates the ultraviolet-induced DNA damage response. Nature, 552 (7685), 430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, J.M., 2009. Chromatography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Frazier, A.L. and Amatruda, J.F., eds., 2014. Pediatric Germ Cell Tumors: Biology Treatment Survivorship. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sugarman, J., 2014. Neo-Foucaultian Approaches to Critical Inquiry in the Psychology of Education. In: T. Corcoran, ed. Psychology in Education: Critical Theory~Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Giant Stars Form The Same Way As Their Smaller Relatives [online]. IFLScience. [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. GAO-04-890.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, B.C., 2009. A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. and Green, J., 2017. Critics at War? Yes. But Agreeing, Too. New York Times, 22 Jun, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orgel 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Orgel 2004, Arthur and Diamond 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arthur and Diamond 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiang et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Pavement Eng.
ISSN (print)1029-8436
ISSN (online)1477-268X
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles