How to format your references using the Bioelectrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioelectrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Levitt, Neuroscience. Sealing cortical cell fate, Science. 303 (2004) 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.L. Clem, R.L. Huganir, Calcium-permeable AMPA receptor dynamics mediate fear memory erasure, Science. 330 (2010) 1108–1112.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.C. Fernandes, J. Podos, J.G. Lundberg, Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes, Science. 305 (2004) 1960–1962.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Chen, Z.-H. Jiao, L.-S. Zheng, Y.-Y. Zhang, S.-T. Xie, Z.-X. Wang, J.-W. Wu, Structural insight into the autoinhibition mechanism of AMP-activated protein kinase, Nature. 459 (2009) 1146–1149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.C. Hallberg, Economic Trends in U.S. Agriculture and Food Systems Since World War II, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 2008.
An edited book
O. Hazzan, Guide to Teaching Computer Science: An Activity-Based Approach, 2nd ed. 2014, Springer, London, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A.K. Verma, S. Ajit, M. Kumar, Network Technologies for Real-Time Systems, in: S. Ajit, M. Kumar (Eds.), Dependability of Networked Computer-Based Systems, Springer, London, 2011: pp. 105–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioelectrochemistry.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Carbon Nanotubes Can Act As “Bridges” Between Living Neurons, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, General Aviation: Observations Related to Liability Insurance Requirements and Coverage for Aircraft Owners, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.I. Kehoe, Tobacco control: A qualitative assessment of the perceptions and practices of nurse practitioners, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, A Raging Diva, Centuries Before Soap Operas, New York Times. (2016) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioelectrochemistry
ISSN (print)1567-5394
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine

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