How to format your references using the Bioelectrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioelectrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Friedman, Journal club. A palaeontologist ponders how biodiversity is spread across the vertebrate tree of life, Nature. 462 (2009) 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Costa, P. Shaw, Chromatin organization and cell fate switch respond to positional information in Arabidopsis, Nature. 439 (2006) 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Flachsova, R. Sindelka, M. Kubista, Single blastomere expression profiling of Xenopus laevis embryos of 8 to 32-cells reveals developmental asymmetry, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Nomata, T. Kondo, T. Mizoguchi, H. Tamiaki, S. Itoh, Y. Fujita, Dark-operative protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase generates substrate radicals by an iron-sulphur cluster in bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Olsen, The Lean Product Playbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
D. Salomon, Handbook of Data Compression, Springer, London, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
S. D’Mello, A. Graesser, Affect Detection from Human-Computer Dialogue with an Intelligent Tutoring System, in: J. Gratch, M. Young, R. Aylett, D. Ballin, P. Olivier (Eds.), Intelligent Virtual Agents: 6th International Conference, IVA 2006, Marina Del Rey, CA, USA, August 21-23, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 54–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioelectrochemistry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Astronomers Spot Cosmic “Dinosaur Egg” That’s About To Hatch, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, International Cooperation in Energy Research and Development, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Sheah, Reading Dreams: Representation of Dreams Through Artists’ Books, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.A. Grundfest, M.A. Lemley, G.G. Triantis, Getting More Bang for the Fed’s Buck, New York Times. (2012) A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioelectrochemistry
ISSN (print)1567-5394
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine

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