How to format your references using the Bioelectrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioelectrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.M. Alexander, Physiology. Walking made simple, Science. 308 (2005) 58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Clarke, V. Kapustin, Hemispheric aerosol vertical profiles: anthropogenic impacts on optical depth and cloud nuclei, Science. 329 (2010) 1488–1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.C. Chang, D.A. Lockner, Z. Reches, Rapid acceleration leads to rapid weakening in earthquake-like laboratory experiments, Science. 338 (2012) 101–105.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.R. Lee, R.D. Eckert, K. Forberich, G. Dennler, C.J. Brabec, R.A. Gaudiana, Solar power wires based on organic photovoltaic materials, Science. 324 (2009) 232–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Weston, Bioinformatics Software Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
S.J. Rzoska, V.P. Zhelezny, eds., Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Brilly, Danube River Basin Coding, in: M. Brilly (Ed.), Hydrological Processes of the Danube River Basin: Perspectives from the Danubian Countries, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 125–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioelectrochemistry.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Where Is Planet Nine?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: GSA Has Accumulated Adequate Funding for Transition to New Contracts but Needs Cost Estimation Policy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.J. Graeter, Longitudinal Study of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Subjects in the American Clinical Trial of Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.N. Wilford, John Glenn, Hero of the Space Age and a Longtime Senator, Is Dead at 95, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioelectrochemistry
ISSN (print)1567-5394
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine

Other styles