How to format your references using the BioData Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioData Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Simmons A. Archaeology. Mediterranean island voyages. Science. 2012;338:895–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Headlam D, Brown M. Comment on “The geometry of musical chords.” Science. 2007;315:330; author reply 330.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Leitch DB, Sarko DK, Catania KC. Brain mass and cranial nerve size in shrews and moles. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6241.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Katsani KR, Irimia M, Karapiperis C, Scouras ZG, Blencowe BJ, Promponas VJ, et al. Functional genomics evidence unearths new moonlighting roles of outer ring coat nucleoporins. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Basener WF. Topology and Its Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Fontes M, Günther M, Marheineke N, editors. Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2012. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dicuangco-Valdez L, Moree P, Solé P. On the Existence of Hermitian Self-Dual Extended Abelian Group Codes. In: Heim B, Al-Baali M, Ibukiyama T, Rupp F, editors. Automorphic Forms: Research in Number Theory from Oman. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioData Mining.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Researchers Solve the Centuries-Old Mystery of Darwin’s “Strangest Animals” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Transportation: Flexible Funding Within Federal Highway Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Aug. Report No.: RCED-97-233R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pelletier JM. Effects of Data Breaches on Sector-Wide Systematic Risk in Financial, Technology, Healthcare and Services Sectors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Seeing a Former Champion Beyond His Combative Side. New York Times. 2011 Nov 9;B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioData Mining
AbbreviationBioData Min.
ISSN (online)1756-0381
Molecular Biology
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Computational Mathematics

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