How to format your references using the Biocontrol Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biocontrol Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldstein, S. B. (2011). Atmospheric science. Subtropical rainfall and the Antarctic ozone hole. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 925–926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loog, M., & Morgan, D. O. (2005). Cyclin specificity in the phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase substrates. Nature, 434(7029), 104–108.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalton, C. A., Langmuir, C. H., & Gale, A. (2014). Geophysical and geochemical evidence for deep temperature variations beneath mid-ocean ridges. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 80–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Banerjee, S., Meng, J., Das, S., Krishnan, A., Haworth, J., Charboneau, R., Zeng, Y., Ramakrishnan, S., & Roy, S. (2013). Morphine induced exacerbation of sepsis is mediated by tempering endotoxin tolerance through modulation of miR-146a. Scientific Reports, 3, 1977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larkin, R. F., & DiTommaso, M. (2015). Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Byrne, S., Clarke, A., Harrison, R., & Torrence, R. (Eds.). (2011). Unpacking the Collection: Networks of Material and Social Agency in the Museum (1st ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Venkatesh, T., & Siva Ram Murthy, C. (2010). TCP over OBS Networks. In C. S. R. Murthy (Ed.), An Analytical Approach to Optical Burst Switched Networks (pp. 199–255). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biocontrol Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 3). Researchers Find Earliest Example Of Reproduction In A Complex Organism. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Restructuring of the District of Columbia Department of Public Works’ Division of Transportation (GAO-01-347R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pederson, H. M. (2012). Decreasing blame and building therapeutic alliance: Clarifying central change processes in functional family therapy [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, September 27). Harper’s Return Gives Nationals a Timely Boost. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldstein, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Feldstein, 2011; Loog & Morgan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loog & Morgan, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Dalton et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Banerjee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiocontrol Science and Technology
AbbreviationBiocontrol Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0958-3157
ISSN (online)1360-0478
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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