How to format your references using the Biocontrol Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biocontrol Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, S. T. (2009). History of science. Alexander von Humboldt and the general physics of the Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5927), 596–597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warneken, F., & Tomasello, M. (2006). Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5765), 1301–1303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlos, C., Torres, T. T., & Ottoboni, L. M. M. (2013). Bacterial communities and species-specific associations with the mucus of Brazilian coral species. Scientific Reports, 3, 1624.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Piffanelli, P., Ramsay, L., Waugh, R., Benabdelmouna, A., D’Hont, A., Hollricher, K., … Panstruga, R. (2004). A barley cultivation-associated polymorphism conveys resistance to powdery mildew. Nature, 430(7002), 887–891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jay, S. A. (2006). High Voltage Electricity Installations. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Heißing, B., & Ersoy, M. (Eds.). (2011). Chassis Handbook: Fundamentals, Driving Dynamics, Components, Mechatronics, Perspectives. Wiesbaden: Vieweg+Teubner.
A chapter in an edited book
Liang, J., Yu, Z., Li, L., Gao, H., & Pei, Q. (2015). Stable Junction Polymer Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. In Y. S. Zhao (Ed.), Organic Nanophotonics: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 87–117). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biocontrol Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 17). New Horizons Spacecraft Captures Pluto And Charon’s Orbital Dance. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). NASA: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Programs and Associated Activities (No. GAO-10-87R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo, A. M. (2008). A case study on the development of team -based leadership structure in the hospital industry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich, N. (2014, February 27). The New Origin of the Species. New York Times, p. MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jackson, 2009; Warneken & Tomasello, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warneken & Tomasello, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Carlos, Torres, & Ottoboni, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Piffanelli et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiocontrol Science and Technology
AbbreviationBiocontrol Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0958-3157
ISSN (online)1360-0478
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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