How to format your references using the Journal of Forensic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forensic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walters HRJ. Physics. Antimatter atomic physics. Science 2010;330(6005):762–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Deng XH, Matsumoto H. Rapid magnetic reconnection in the Earth’s magnetosphere mediated by whistler waves. Nature 2001;410(6828):557–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shanavas KV, Parker D, Singh DJ. Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi. Sci Rep 2014;4:7222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Herrero M, Thornton PK, Notenbaert AM, Wood S, Msangi S, Freeman HA, et al. Smart investments in sustainable food production: revisiting mixed crop-livestock systems. Science 2010;327(5967):822–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cantrell RS, Cosner C. Spatial Ecology via Reaction-Diffusion Equations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004;
An edited book
1.
Brocke JV, Rosemann M, editors. Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010;
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Villaseñor-Navarro Y, Aguilar-Cortazar LO, Perez-Zuñiga I, Cruz-Morales RA, Pavon-Hernandez CM, Perez-Badillo MP, et al. Imaging in Inflammatory Carcinoma. In: de la Garza-Salazar JG, Meneses-Garcia A, Arce-Salinas C, editors. Inflammatory Breast Cancer. London: Springer, 2013; 61–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forensic Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Pluto’s Icy Heart May Have Rolled The Dwarf Planet Over, Hinting At A Vast Underground Ocean [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/plutos-icy-heart-may-have-rolled-the-dwarf-planet-over-hinting-at-a-vast-underground-ocean/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contracting Out: NASA Not Complying With OMB Circular A-76. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Koenig WE. Leadership for the whole in the mythic field of C. G. Jung’s unconscious processes. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Whiteside K. After a Flat Tire, Finding Kindness, if Not a Spare. New York Times. 2016;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forensic Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Forensic Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-1198
ISSN (online)1556-4029
ScopeGenetics
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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