How to format your references using the Journal of Forensic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forensic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Coppens P. Chemistry. A phase transition hidden in higher dimensions. Science 2008;319(5859):41–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bianchi A, Shore D. Molecular biology. Refined view of the ends. Science 2008;320(5881):1301–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Green ED, Guyer MS, National Human Genome Research Institute. Charting a course for genomic medicine from base pairs to bedside. Nature 2011;470(7333):204–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yuan Y, Dong Q, Yang B, Guo F, Zhang Q, Han M, et al. Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter. Sci Rep 2013;3:2707.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Saunders A, Allen L. Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1.
Pott A, Bruckmann T, editors. Cable-Driven Parallel Robots: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Cable-Driven Parallel Robots. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Serino L, Arcelli C, Sanniti di Baja G. Decomposing and Sketching 3D Objects by Curve Skeleton Processing. In: Ruiz-Shulcloper J, Sanniti di Baja G, editors. Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013;25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forensic Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Explanation For How BCG Vaccine Protects Against Other Diseases. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Weaknesses in Inspection and Enforcement Limit FAA in Identifying and Responding to Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Purdioux L. Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times. 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forensic Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Forensic Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-1198
ISSN (online)1556-4029
ScopeGenetics
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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