How to format your references using the The Urban Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Urban Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst, M. (2010). Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature, 464(7288), 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koh, L. P., & Wilcove, D. S. (2007). Cashing in palm oil for conservation. Nature, 448(7157), 993–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ding, W. W., Murray, F., & Stuart, T. E. (2006). Gender differences in patenting in the academic life sciences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 665–667.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Van Damme, R., Wilson, R. S., Vanhooydonck, B., & Aerts, P. (2002). Performance constraints in decathletes. Nature, 415(6873), 755–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akiba, K.-Y. (2011). Organo Main Group Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johansson, B., Andersson, B., & Holmberg, N. (Eds.). (2014). Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 13th International Conference, BIR 2014, Lund, Sweden, September 22-24, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 194). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ong, S.-B. (2014). Imaging of Mitochondrial Disorders: A Review. In Y. C. Hum, M. I. Mohamad Salim, S.-B. Ong, N. P. Utama, Y. M. Myint, N. Mohd Noor, & E. Supriyanto (Eds.), Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology (pp. 99–136). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Urban Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 1). Why Do Humans Love Food So Much? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures (No. 130998). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valeika, S. R. (2008). The epidemiology of varicella under a two -dose vaccination strategy: Results of a mathematical transmission model with a novel strategy of sensitivity analysis (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, August 7). Theodore Roosevelt on How You Kill a Lion. New York Times, p. C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brockhurst 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brockhurst 2010; Koh and Wilcove 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koh and Wilcove 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Van Damme et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Urban Review
AbbreviationUrban Rev.
ISSN (print)0042-0972
ISSN (online)1573-1960
ScopeUrban Studies

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