How to format your references using the The Urban Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Urban Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dauphas, N. (2005). The U/Th production ratio and the age of the Milky Way from meteorites and Galactic halo stars. Nature, 435(7046), 1203–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katoh, H., & Negishi, M. (2003). RhoG activates Rac1 by direct interaction with the Dock180-binding protein Elmo. Nature, 424(6947), 461–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bolmatov, D., Musaev, E. T., & Trachenko, K. (2013). Symmetry breaking gives rise to energy spectra of three states of matter. Scientific reports, 3, 2794.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, W., Bony, B. A., Kim, C. R., Baeck, J. S., Chang, Y., Bae, J. E., et al. (2013). Mixed lanthanide oxide nanoparticles as dual imaging agent in biomedicine. Scientific reports, 3, 3210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daïan, J.-F. (2014). Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 1. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gornitz, V. (Ed.). (2009). Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao, T., Zhang, C., Zha, H., & Wei, F. (2015). Anomaly Detection via Local Coordinate Factorization and Spatio-Temporal Pyramid. In D. Cremers, I. Reid, H. Saito, & M.-H. Yang (Eds.), Computer Vision -- ACCV 2014: 12th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Singapore, Singapore, November 1-5, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part V (pp. 66–82). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Urban Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014, September 25). Net-Casting Spider Plunges Web On Top Of Prey. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Air Force Supply: Management Actions Create Spare Parts Shortages and Operations Problems (No. NSIAD/AIMD-99-77). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahschulte, R. L. (2014). An Examination of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Detect, Practice, and Repair versus Traditional Cover, Copy, and Compare Procedures: A Component Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, March 3). Schwarzenegger Won’t Return to ‘Celebrity Apprentice.’ New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dauphas 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dauphas 2005; Katoh and Negishi 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katoh and Negishi 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Urban Review
AbbreviationUrban Rev.
ISSN (print)0042-0972
ISSN (online)1573-1960
ScopeUrban Studies

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