How to format your references using the The Urban Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Urban Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, A. (2014). Astronomy. Testing the limits of accretion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6177), 1318–1319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halliday, A. N., & Wood, B. J. (2009). Geophysics. How did Earth accrete? Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5936), 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguzzi, A., Barres, B. A., & Bennett, M. L. (2013). Microglia: scapegoat, saboteur, or something else? Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6116), 156–161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rasmussen, B., Bengtson, S., Fletcher, I. R., & McNaughton, N. J. (2002). Discoidal impressions and trace-like fossils more than 1200 million years old. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570), 1112–1115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurrer, K.-E. (2016). Geschichte der Baustatik. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Heintze, H.-J., & Zwitter, A. (Eds.). (2011). International Law and Humanitarian Assistance: A Crosscut Through Legal Issues Pertaining to Humanitarianism. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rivenbark, A. G., & Coleman, W. B. (2009). The Role of Mutation and Epimutation in the Development of Human Disease. In T. C. Allen & P. T. Cagle (Eds.), Basic Concepts of Molecular Pathology (pp. 41–54). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Urban Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 7). Plant Disguises Seeds As Dung To Trick Beetles Into Dispersing Them. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). School Lunch Program: Evaluation of Alternatives to Commodity Donations (No. RCED-87-113). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs, E. (2017). Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, August 17). Fans in Green and Blue Give Life to Drab Stadium. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Halliday and Wood 2009; King 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halliday and Wood 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rasmussen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Urban Review
AbbreviationUrban Rev.
ISSN (print)0042-0972
ISSN (online)1573-1960
ScopeUrban Studies

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