How to format your references using the The Urban Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Urban Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dixon, R. A. (2001). Natural products and plant disease resistance. Nature, 411(6839), 843–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, M. S., & Cho, J. (2009). Physics. Teleporting a quantum state to distant matter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5913), 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaudelli, N. M., Long, D. H., & Townsend, C. A. (2015). β-Lactam formation by a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase during antibiotic biosynthesis. Nature, 520(7547), 383–387.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nikolajski, M., Adams, G. G., Gillis, R. B., Besong, D. T., Rowe, A. J., Heinze, T., & Harding, S. E. (2014). Protein-like fully reversible tetramerisation and super-association of an aminocellulose. Scientific reports, 4, 3861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe, D. (2014). Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sandhu, S., McKenzie, S., & Harris, H. (Eds.). (2014). Linking Local and Global Sustainability (Vol. 4). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rhebergen, S., & Cockburn, B. (2013). Space-Time Hybridizable Discontinuous Galerkin Method for the Advection–Diffusion Equation on Moving and Deforming Meshes. In C. A. de Moura & C. S. Kubrusly (Eds.), The Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy (CFL) Condition: 80 Years After Its Discovery (pp. 45–63). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Urban Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 7). Stress Can Alter Your Genome. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Mass Transit: FTA’s Projections Could Better Reflect State and Local Needs (No. T-RCED-93-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sowers, P. A. (2012). “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blumenthal, R., & Greenhouse, L. (2007, September 29). Texas Planning New Execution Despite Ruling. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dixon 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dixon 2001; Kim and Cho 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Cho 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Nikolajski et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Urban Review
AbbreviationUrban Rev.
ISSN (print)0042-0972
ISSN (online)1573-1960
ScopeUrban Studies

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