How to format your references using the The Urban Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Urban Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R. M. (2007). Biophysics. Antennae as gyroscopes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5813), 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Destexhe, A., & Contreras, D. (2006). Neuronal computations with stochastic network states. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5796), 85–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padhi, A. K., Jayaram, B., & Gomes, J. (2013). Prediction of functional loss of human angiogenin mutants associated with ALS by molecular dynamics simulations. Scientific reports, 3, 1225.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peng, C., Ouyang, H., Gao, Q., Jiang, Y., Zhang, F., Li, J., & Yu, Q. (2007). Environment. Building a “green” railway in China. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 546–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao, Q., Shuyu, T., Min, Z., & Chun, J. (2014). The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Garcke, J., & Pflüger, D. (Eds.). (2014). Sparse Grids and Applications - Munich 2012 (Vol. 97). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, G., Wang, X., Liu, X., & Li, Q. (2012). Diversity and Biogeochemical Function of Planktonic Fungi in the Ocean. In C. Raghukumar (Ed.), Biology of Marine Fungi (pp. 71–88). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Urban Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 13). Simple Pee Test Could Reveal If You’re Eating A Healthy Diet. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Drug Education: Rural Programs Have Many Components and Most Rely Heavily on Federal Funds (No. HRD-92-34). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ford, V. F. (2012). An Exploratory Investigation of the Relationship between Turnover Intentions, Work Exhaustion and Disengagement among IT Professionals in a Single Institution of Higher Education in a Major Metropolitan Area (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, January 4). Another Casualty of the Syrian War: Drinking Water in Damascus. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander 2007; Destexhe and Contreras 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Destexhe and Contreras 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Urban Review
AbbreviationUrban Rev.
ISSN (print)0042-0972
ISSN (online)1573-1960
ScopeUrban Studies

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