How to format your references using the The Urban Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Urban Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, M. (2003). Prospects for biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5648), 1175–1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoefel, F., & Elgar, S. (2003). Wave-induced sediment transport and sandbar migration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1885–1887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Evans, W. J., Kozimor, S. A., & Ziller, J. W. (2005). Molecular octa-uranium rings with alternating nitride and azide bridges. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5742), 1835–1838.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Andreux, P. A., Mouchiroud, L., Wang, X., Jovaisaite, V., Mottis, A., Bichet, S., et al. (2014). A method to identify and validate mitochondrial modulators using mammalian cells and the worm C. elegans. Scientific reports, 4, 5285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, K. (2014). Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Park, J. H., & Ahn, C. (Eds.). (2016). Cystogenesis (Vol. 933). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, J., & Wang, Y. (2011). A Study of the Background of “Studying-Training Integration” Sports Talents Cultivation Mode in the New Information Era. In S. Lin & X. Huang (Eds.), Advances in Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education: International Conference, CSEE 2011, Wuhan, China, August 21-22, 2011. Proceedings, Part IV (pp. 17–21). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Urban Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 30). Malaria Vaccine Trial Yields Promising Results. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Need for Active Alcohol Public Education Program (No. 088681). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman, C. L. (2015). Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, July 11). Licks of the Tropics. New York Times, p. NJ7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoefel and Elgar 2003; Jenkins 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoefel and Elgar 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Andreux et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Urban Review
AbbreviationUrban Rev.
ISSN (print)0042-0972
ISSN (online)1573-1960
ScopeUrban Studies

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