How to format your references using the Nuclear Physics, Section A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Physics, Section A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Buckingham, Buying into the knowledge game, Nature. 428 (2004) 775.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.D. Seelig, V. Jayaraman, Neural dynamics for landmark orientation and angular path integration, Nature. 521 (2015) 186–191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Han, T. Bai, W. Liu, Controlled heterogeneous stem cell differentiation on a shape memory hydrogel surface, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5815.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Yang, Y.L. Zhao, Y. Tong, Z.B. Jiao, J. Wei, J.X. Cai, X.D. Han, D. Chen, A. Hu, J.J. Kai, K. Lu, Y. Liu, C.T. Liu, Multicomponent intermetallic nanoparticles and superb mechanical behaviors of complex alloys, Science. 362 (2018) 933–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Berto, There’s Something about Gödel, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2009.
An edited book
A. Güllich, M. Krüger, eds., Sport: Das Lehrbuch für das Sportstudium, 1st ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Onorati, I. Aedo, M. Romano, P. Díaz, EmergenSYS: Mobile Technologies as Support for Emergency Management, in: L. Caporarello, B. Di Martino, M. Martinez (Eds.), Smart Organizations and Smart Artifacts: Fostering Interaction Between People, Technologies and Processes, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Physics, Section A.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Can Plants Get Cancer?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Corrective Actions Taken or in Process To Reduce Job Corps’ Vulnerability to Improper Use of Contracting Authority, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Bleviss, Constructing competence: Normalization and self-determination for people with developmental disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Bill to Ease Puerto Rico Through $72 Billion Debt Crisis Introduced in House, New York Times. (2016) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Physics, Section A
AbbreviationNucl. Phys. A
ISSN (print)0375-9474
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles