How to format your references using the Nuclear Physics, Section A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Physics, Section A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Goodman, Pressure grows over US blood ban, Nature. 412 (2001) 467.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.S. Carr, J.R. Najita, Organic molecules and water in the planet formation region of young circumstellar disks, Science. 319 (2008) 1504–1506.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Nagao, Y. Adachi, M. Yanagida, Separase-mediated cleavage of cohesin at interphase is required for DNA repair, Nature. 430 (2004) 1044–1048.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Tochio, M.M. Tsui, D.K. Banfield, M. Zhang, An autoinhibitory mechanism for nonsyntaxin SNARE proteins revealed by the structure of Ykt6p, Science. 293 (2001) 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Spector, Understanding Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
R. Lourenço, AIDA-CMK: Multi-Algorithm Optimization Kernel Applied to Analog IC Sizing, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Burke, G.R. Hall, R. Yaari, A. Fleisher, J. Dougherty, J. Young, H. Brand, P. Tariot, Managing Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias, in: G.R. Hall, R. Yaari, A. Fleisher, J. Dougherty, J. Young, H. Brand, P. Tariot (Eds.), Pocket Reference to Alzheimer’s Disease Management, Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley, 2015: pp. 51–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Physics, Section A.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, The Biggest Mistake In The History Of Science, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Computer Systems Protection Act of 1978 (S. 1766), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
I. Sumner, Quantum wavepacket ab initio molecular dynamics: Simulating quantum nuclear effects in complex systems, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, O.K., Google, Take a Deep Breath, New York Times. (2012) BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Physics, Section A
AbbreviationNucl. Phys. A
ISSN (print)0375-9474
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles