How to format your references using the Nuclear Physics, Section A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Physics, Section A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Savage, Bioinformatics: Big data versus the big C, Nature. 509 (2014) S66-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Smith, J. Ortega-Hernández, Hallucigenia’s onychophoran-like claws and the case for Tactopoda, Nature. 514 (2014) 363–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.G. Salter, K.A. Franklin, G.C. Whitelam, Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants, Nature. 426 (2003) 680–683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V.F. Mitrović, E.E. Sigmund, M. Eschrig, H.N. Bachman, W.P. Halperin, A.P. Reyes, P. Kuhns, W.G. Moulton, Spatially resolved electronic structure inside and outside the vortex cores of a high-temperature superconductor, Nature. 413 (2001) 501–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.W. Cherrie, R.M. Howie, S. Semple, Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A.J. Schwartz, M. Kumar, B.L. Adams, D.P. Field, eds., Electron Backscatter Diffraction in Materials Science, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Moll, Channel Characterization and Modeling for LEO-Ground Links, in: M. Uysal, C. Capsoni, Z. Ghassemlooy, A. Boucouvalas, E. Udvary (Eds.), Optical Wireless Communications: An Emerging Technology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Physics, Section A.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Set New Record for World’s Coolest Molecule, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness of USDA High-Impact Programs Improving, But More Action Is Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.W. Haws, A multilevel study of schools’ influences on adolescent substance use, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Junction 48, New York Times. (2017) C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Physics, Section A
AbbreviationNucl. Phys. A
ISSN (print)0375-9474
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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