How to format your references using the Biochemical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Boyle, Oceanography. Oceanic salt switch, Science. 298 (2002) 1724–1725.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Campillo, A. Paul, Long-range correlations in the diffuse seismic coda, Science. 299 (2003) 547–549.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Scherer, C. Munker, K. Mezger, Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock, Science. 293 (2001) 683–687.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.E. Arvidson, F. Poulet, J.-P. Bibring, M. Wolff, A. Gendrin, R.V. Morris, J.J. Freeman, Y. Langevin, N. Mangold, G. Bellucci, Spectral reflectance and morphologic correlations in eastern Terra Meridiani, Mars, Science. 307 (2005) 1591–1594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Allsopp, Advanced Penetration Testing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 2017.
An edited book
F. Keereman, I. Szekely, eds., Five Years of an Enlarged EU: A Positive Sum Game, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Yang, H. Liu, Nanocomposites Consisting of Silver Sulfide and Noble Metals, in: H. Liu (Ed.), Metal-Based Composite Nanomaterials, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Pharmacology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Man With Severed Spinal Cord Walks Again After Cell Transplant, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOT’s Restructuring: Limited Progress in Streamlining Field Office Structure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Z. Guo, Experimental Analysis of Polymer Nanocomposite Foaming Using Carbon Dioxide, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, For Golf’s No. 1 Pitchman, Silence Doesn’t Sell, New York Times. (2009) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Pharmacology
AbbreviationBiochem. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0006-2952

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