How to format your references using the Biochemical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Reversal of fortune, Nature. 433 (2005) 663.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.R. Pedersen, E.A. Gerken, Creation of visible artificial optical emissions in the aurora by high-power radio waves, Nature. 433 (2005) 498–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
G.J. Wyckoff, W. Wang, C.I. Wu, Rapid evolution of male reproductive genes in the descent of man, Nature. 403 (2000) 304–309.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Ferris, B.J.S.C. Olson, P.L. De Hoff, S. Douglass, D. Casero, S. Prochnik, S. Geng, R. Rai, J. Grimwood, J. Schmutz, I. Nishii, T. Hamaji, H. Nozaki, M. Pellegrini, J.G. Umen, Evolution of an expanded sex-determining locus in Volvox, Science. 328 (2010) 351–354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.H. Schmidt, G.E. Rodrick, Food Safety Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
A. Kő, E. Francesconi, eds., Electronic Government and the Information Systems Perspective: 4th International Conference, EGOVIS 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Zhou, Technologies and Considerations for Developing Internet and Multiplayer Computer Games: A Tutorial, in: Y. Pan, D. Chen, M. Guo, J. Cao, J. Dongarra (Eds.), Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: Third International Symposium, ISPA 2005, Nanjing, China, November 2-5, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 17–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Pharmacology.

Blog post
K. Evans, Scientifically Proven Features Men Find Attractive In Women, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.B. Turner, Diet, physical activity and breast cancer risk: An integrative science cross-populational approach, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Loomis, Stretching the Boundaries of Opera, New York Times. (2012) 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Pharmacology
AbbreviationBiochem. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0006-2952

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