How to format your references using the Biochemical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.J. Ploehn, Materials science: Composite for energy storage takes the heat, Nature. 523 (2015) 536–537.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Wenseleers, F.L.W. Ratnieks, Enforced altruism in insect societies, Nature. 444 (2006) 50.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.E. Ahlberg, J.A. Clack, H. Blom, The axial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega, Nature. 437 (2005) 137–140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.-W. Nam, C. Qian, S.H. Kim, D. van Noort, K.-H. Chiam, S. Park, C. elegans sensing of and entrainment along obstacles require different neurons at different body locations, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Barquinha, R. Martins, L. Pereira, E. Fortunato, Transparent Oxide Electronics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
D. Sannella, Foundations of Algebraic Specification and Formal Software Development, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Ouannas, M.M. Al-sawalha, Synchronization of Chaotic Dynamical Systems in Discrete-Time, in: A.T. Azar, S. Vaidyanathan (Eds.), Advances in Chaos Theory and Intelligent Control, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 101–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Pharmacology.

Blog post
K. Evans, Sobering Sea Ice Levels Are The 'New Normal”, According To NASA, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Need for Strong Central Oversight of the Federal Government’s War on Drugs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.S. Nguyen, Solid families: Community-based program for pregnant and parenting adolescents, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller, A.L. Baker, A Grim Measure of Equality for Women in Blue, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Pharmacology
AbbreviationBiochem. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0006-2952

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