How to format your references using the Biochemical Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.H.J. Petrini, Cell signaling. A touching response to damage, Science. 316 (2007) 1138–1139.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Yang, M.N. Shadlen, Probabilistic reasoning by neurons, Nature. 447 (2007) 1075–1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
O.J. Plante, E.R. Palmacci, P.H. Seeberger, Automated solid-phase synthesis of oligosaccharides, Science. 291 (2001) 1523–1527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.M. Gray, D.S. Karow, H. Lu, A.J. Chang, J.S. Chang, R.E. Ellis, M.A. Marletta, C.I. Bargmann, Oxygen sensation and social feeding mediated by a C. elegans guanylate cyclase homologue, Nature. 430 (2004) 317–322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.M. Shelby, C.M. McKune, Small Animal Anesthesia Techniques, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
A. Bhagat, Foods of Non-Animal Origin: Chemistry, Technology, Inspection Procedures, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Inaba, T. Iida, T. Yamasaki, K. Fume, Y. Mizoguchi, S. Nagano, T. Kawamura, Pattern-Based Semantic Tagging for Ontology Population, in: R. Kowalczyk, M. Huhns, M. Klusch, Z. Maamar, Q.B. Vo (Eds.), Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2008 International Workshop, SOCASE 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Pharmacology.

Blog post
J. Fang, Humans Took Refuge In Arabia During The Last Ice Age, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Dalton, The story of Huo Yuanjia and the narrative of national humiliation in post-Mao China, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, Dubious Defense for Voting Against Storm Relief in 2013, New York Times. (2017) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Pharmacology
AbbreviationBiochem. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0006-2952

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