How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tanabe, K. (2011). Paleontology. The feeding habits of ammonites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6013), 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh, A., & Ganesan, K. (2015). Policy: Rethink India’s energy strategy. Nature, 521(7551), 156–157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doniger, D. D., Herzog, A. V., & Lashof, D. A. (2006). Climate change. An ambitious, centrist approach to global warming legislation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 764–765.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gigliobianco, T., Gangolf, M., Lakaye, B., Pirson, B., von Ballmoos, C., Wins, P., & Bettendorff, L. (2013). An alternative role of FoF1-ATP synthase in Escherichia coli: synthesis of thiamine triphosphate. Scientific Reports, 3, 1071.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright, J. R., & Cooper, J. E. (2014). Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Carro, M., & Peña, R. (Eds.). (2010). Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages: 12th International Symposium, PADL 2010, Madrid, Spain, January 18-19, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 5937). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sachdev, U., & Tzeng, E. (2014). Tips on Maintaining an Effective Lab Notebook for Bench Research. In M. R. Kibbe & S. A. LeMaire (Eds.), Success in Academic Surgery: Basic Science (pp. 51–63). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 22). Watch This Great Video on Why We Haven’t Made Contact with Aliens... Yet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Telecommunications: Survey of State Regulatory Commissions (GAO-08-662SP, June 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-633 (No. GAO-08-662SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado, J. A. (2010). Searching for Confirmation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, June 3). World Briefing | Asia: Agreement On Last Leg Of Border. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tanabe, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ghosh & Ganesan, 2015; Tanabe, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghosh & Ganesan, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gigliobianco et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Space Phys.
ISSN (print)2169-9380
ISSN (online)2169-9402

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