How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyndall, G. (2012). Chemistry. Vibrational excitation can control tropospheric chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6098), 1046–1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennedy, D., & Norman, C. (2005). What don’t we know? Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5731), 75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansell, D. A., Kadko, D., & Bates, N. R. (2004). Degradation of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in the western Arctic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672), 858–861.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, N., Lin, X., Wang, S., Wang, H., Li, W., Tao, Z., & Xu, A. (2014). Environmental surveillance for human astrovirus in Shandong Province, China in 2013. Scientific Reports, 4, 7539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, I. (2012). Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Broersma, H., Erlebach, T., Friedetzky, T., & Paulusma, D. (Eds.). (2008). Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 34th International Workshop, WG 2008, Durham, UK, June 30 – July 2, 2008. Revised Papers (Vol. 5344). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Purać, J., Kojić, D., Petri, E., Popović, Ž. D., Grubor-Lajšić, G., & Blagojević, D. P. (2016). Cold Adaptation Responses in Insects and Other Arthropods: An “Omics” Approach. In C. Raman, M. R. Goldsmith, & T. A. Agunbiade (Eds.), Short Views on Insect Genomics and Proteomics: Insect Proteomics, Vol.2 (pp. 89–112). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 13). Mysterious Signal Detected- Could It Be From Dark Matter? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Deficiencies in the Recording and Reporting of Contractor-Held, Government-Owned Property, Goddard Space Flight Center (No. 092675). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorkle, W. B. (2005). Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, August 9). Mystery Ends: Date and Venue Are Set for Chess Event. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyndall, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kennedy & Norman, 2005; Tyndall, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennedy & Norman, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Space Phys.
ISSN (print)2169-9380
ISSN (online)2169-9402

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